首页 | BBC英语教学 | 媒体英语 - 【BBC媒体英语】现代人睡眠时间超过祖先 Ancestors 'had less sleep' than we do
【BBC媒体英语】现代人睡眠时间超过祖先 Ancestors 本站原创 更新时间: 2019-11-29         

美国研究人员对与我们祖先生活方式相似的非洲和南美洲社会居民的睡眠习惯进行了调查研究。研究表明我们祖先的睡眠时间可能少于我们。以下是Rebecca Morelle 的报道。

From artificial lights to late-night TV and now our smartphones, modern life is often blamed for ruining our sleep. But this study suggests our ancestors didn't get any more sleep than we do.

从人造光到深夜电视,再到现在的智能手机,现代生活常常被指责破坏我们的睡眠。 但是这项研究表明,我们的祖先没有比我们有更多的睡眠。

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The researchers monitored traditional societies in Namibia, Tanzania and Bolivia, where people live like ancient hunter-gatherers once did. They found they slept on average six and a half hours a night.

研究人员监测了纳米比亚,坦桑尼亚和玻利维亚的传统社会,那里的人们像古代的狩猎采集者一样生活。 他们发现他们平均每晚睡六个半小时。

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Surprisingly, natural light didn't have as big an influence as was thought. Most people fell asleep hours after sunset. However, temperature was important. The morning's coldest point was when most people woke up.

Insomnia was also extremely rare.

令人惊讶的是,自然光的影响没有想象的那么大。 大多数人在日落后几个小时就睡着了。 但是,温度很重要,早晨最冷的时候是大多数人醒来的时候。

失眠症也极为罕见。


词汇表


artificial lights 人工照明
ruining 破坏
traditional 传统的 (这里指古老的、远古社会)
hunter-gatherers 依靠狩猎为生的人
natural light 自然光
insomnia 失眠

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测验


请听报道并回答下列问题。

1. Which factors were said to make us sleep less in the 21st century?

2. Why did the researchers study societies in Tanzania?

3. True or false? People fell asleep as soon as it got dark.

4. True or false? Heat was more important than light in influencing sleeping patterns.


答案


1. Which factors were said to make us sleep less in the 21st century?
Artificial lights, late-night TV and smartphones.

2. Why did the researchers study societies in Tanzania?
Because they found societies which live in a similar way to ancient hunter-gatherers.


3. True or false? People fell asleep as soon as it got dark.
False. People fell asleep hours after it got dark.

4. True or false? Heat was more important than light in influencing sleeping patterns. 
True. According to the report, natural light was not a big influence, but temperature was – people woke up at the coldest point of the morning.


链接:

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