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【BBC媒体英语】2015年可能成为史上最热年 2015 likely 本站原创 更新时间: 2019-12-02         

据世界气象组织称,2015年全球温度与过去一年相比普遍高出许多,2015年很可能成为有记录以来最热的一年。以下是Roger Harrabin 的报道。

The WMO says this five-year period has brought record heat to Asia, Europe, South America and Oceania and North America. This latest October was exceptionally warm.

WMO表示,这五年期间为亚洲,欧洲,南美,大洋洲和北美带来了创纪录的高温。 最近的十月异常温暖。

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The report says 2015 is likely to claim the title of the hottest year recorded, with annual surface temperatures partly fuelled by greenhouse gases and partly by the disruptive current El Nino.

该报告称,2015年很可能是有记录以来最热的一年,每年的地表温度部分是由温室气体推动的,部分是由破坏性的电流厄尔尼诺现象引起的。


Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere reached new highs. And in the northern hemisphere's spring, carbon dioxide levels crossed the threshold of 400 parts per million for the first time.

大气中的温室气体浓度达到新高。 在北半球的春天,二氧化碳含量首次超过百万分之400。

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The report says more than half of the 79 studies published by the bulletin of the American Meteorological Society in the past five years found that man-made climate change had contributed to extreme weather events over the period. 

报告说,在过去的五年中,美国气象学会的公告发表的79项研究中,有一半以上发现,人为的气候变化在此期间导致了极端天气事件。


词汇表


exceptionally 异常地
to claim 取得,获得
greenhouse gases 温室气体
disruptive 破坏性的
carbon dioxide 二氧化碳
threshold 临界值,界限
man-made climate change 由于人类活动引发的气候变化
extreme weather events 极端恶劣天气事件


测验


请听报道并回答下列问题。

1. What has caused the unusually high temperatures on the planet's surface?

2. Is 2015 certain to be the hottest year on record?

3. What example of a greenhouse gas is given?

4. True or false? The report says changes in climate are not only caused by nature.

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答案

1.What has caused the unusually high temperatures on the planet's surface?Greenhouse gases and the disruptive current El Nino.

2. Is 2015 certain to be the hottest year on record?No, 2015 is likely to be the hottest year on record.


3. What example of a greenhouse gas is given?Carbon dioxide.

4. True or false? The report says changes in climate are not only caused by nature.True. The report mentions studies published by the American Meteorological Society which found that man-made climate change had contributed to extreme weather events.


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