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考前通关必看:CET6真题高频词汇大解析(六)

来源:慢速英语   时间:1970-01-01 08:00:00
Constrain(7次)

1. Europe's earlier industrial growth was _____ by the availability of key resources, abundant and cheap labor, coal, iron ore, etc. (03/6)
A) constrained
B) detained
C) remained
D) sustained
2. Many countries have adopted systems of _____ education in order to promote the average level of education. (03/6)
A) compulsory
B) cardinal
C) constrained
D) conventional
3. Mike just discovered that his passport had _______ three months ago. (99/6)
A) abolished
B) expired
C) amended
D) constrained
4. In our highly technological society, the number of jobs for unskilled worker is ______.(99/1)
A) shrinking
B) obscuring
C) altering
D) constraining
5. Her interest in redecorating the big house kept her ________ for a whole week. (98/6)
A) constrained
B) dominated
C) restricted
D) occupied
6. This kind of material can _______ heat and moisture. (97/6)
A) delete
B) compel
C) constrain
D) repel
7. The mayor was asked to __________ his speech in order to allow his audience to raise questions. (97/1)
A) constrain
B) conduct
C) condense
D) converge
Assurance(3次)
1. My boss has failed me so many times that I no longer place any ___on what he promises. (05/6)
A) assurance
B) probability
C) reliance
D) conformity
2. The manager gave her his ________ that her complaint would be investigated. (02/1)
A) assurance
B) assumption
C) sanction
D) insurance
3. The director gave me his ________ that he would double my pay if I did my job well. (01/1)
A) warrant
B) obligation
C) assurance
D) certainty
Authorize(3次)
1. A membership card ____the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. (03/9)
A) approves
B) authorizes
C) rectifies
D) endows
2. I told him that I would _______ him to act for me while I was away from office. (03/6)
A) authorize
B) justify
C) rationalize
D) identify
3. Some American colleges are state-supported, others are privately _______ , and still others are supported by religious organizations. (02/1)
A) ensured
B) attributed
C) authorized
D) endowed
Cater(2次)
1. More than 85 percent of French Canada's population speaks French as a mother tongue and _______ to the Roman Catholic faith. (02/12)
A) caters
B) adheres
C) ascribes
D) subscribes
2. We should ________ our energy and youth to the development of our country. (02/1)
A) dedicate
B) cater
C) ascribe
D) cling
Claim(2次)
1. When he tried to make a ______ , he found that the hotel that he wanted was completelyfilled because of a convention. (99/1)
A) complaint
B) claim
C) reservation
D) decision
2. When he tried to make a ________ , he found that the hotel was completely filled because of a convention. (98/6)
A) reservation
B) claim
C) mess
D) revision

Constrain:DABAD DC
Assurance:CAC
Authorize:BAD
Cater:BA
Claim:CA
高频词讲解 Constrain
共出现7次,均作为陪考词出现。
vt. 1.限制,约束; 2.克制,抑制
同义:1. compel, force, oblige 2. limit
搭配:constrain sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事
be constrained to do 被迫去做
辨析:
1. constrain, compel, force, oblige都表示“强迫”的意思。
Constrain表示力劝,强迫,常用于constrain sb. to do sth.;
Compel与constrain意思相近,但更多强调内心情感(如道德、怜悯等)的强迫作用,一般用于正式场合;
Force强迫,迫使,暴力威胁的一位较浓,常用于被动语态;
Oblige(因法律、习俗等)强迫,迫使,常用于被动。
2. constrain, refrain, restrain, restrict都表示“约束”的意思。
Refrain克制,多用于refrain from doing sth. 指克制自己以避免做某事;
Restrain制止,多用于restrain sb. from doing sth.指控制他人不去做某事;
Restrict限制,类同于restrain,但只强调一种限定范围,使之不超过某种限度,常与to连用。
新东方张亚哲老师称constrain为“永赔词汇”,永远是陪考词,永远不选它!今天出现这个词了,真题中它共出现七次,均不作为答案出现。当然,今后还要具体问题具体分析啊,呵呵
真题讲解:
1.翻译:欧洲早些时期的工业能够持续增长是靠了当时可供利用的关键资源的……,比如丰富而廉价的劳动力,煤、铁矿等。
Remain保持不变,在原处,是不及物动词,不能用于被动语态;
Detain扣留,耽搁;Sustain维持下去,含有keep going的意思,题干中指工业保持增长。
2.翻译:许多国家已采纳了……教育制度以提高受教育的整体水平。
这道题就考个固定搭配。
Compulsory必须的,强制性的,(课程)必修的, compulsory education义务教育;
Constrained被强迫的,拘泥的,常指声音或态度,如constrained smile苦笑;
Cardinal最主要的,基本的,但不修饰education,基础教育应是:elementary education;
Conventional普通的,习惯的,常规的,符合习俗的。
3.翻译:Mike刚刚发现原来他的护照三个月以前就……。
这道题在abolish、amend的时候就出现过了。
Abolish废止,废除(制度);expire到期,熄灭;amend修正,修改(法规、规则);
Constrain强迫,抑制。
4.翻译:在我们这个高科技社会,无技术的工人所能胜任的工作岗位正在……。
Obscure费解的,模糊不清的;不重要的;
Shrinking收缩,减少;altering改变;constraining抑制,约束。
工作岗位只能是减少或改变,所以在A、C中选择,但根据逻辑判断,比较容易选出A.
5.翻译:重新装饰这个大房子的兴趣使她……了一整周。
Dominate主宰,主导,占支配地位的;keep sb. dominated使某人一直居于领先地位;
Restricted受约束的,有限的;(永赔词汇)
Occupied被占有的,忙碌的;keep sb occupied使某人忙于做某件事
Occupied a whole week to do sth. occupied跟表时间的短语或词汇相连,如week, day, moment.
6.翻译:这种材料可以……热和……潮。
Delete非常简单——删除;是高中词汇,不会考的;
Compel上面辨析中有,强迫,compel sb. to do sth.
Repel抵御、抵抗,驱逐,拒绝。
7.翻译:为了听众能够提问,市长被要求……演讲。
Conduct指挥;
Converge汇聚,converge一般与by, on, upon连用,表示汇聚于一点;使汇聚;
Condense浓缩,使简洁,精简;只有精简演讲,听众才有时间提问。

共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
n. 1.把握,信心; 2.保证,表示保证(或鼓励,安慰)的话; 3.(人寿)保险
搭配:with assurance有把握地,自信地;
life assurance人寿保险
give sb. an assurance that…给某人保证
辨析:
assurance, insurance都有保险之意。
Assurance如前所述有三个意思。仅在取“保险”之意时才与insurance有相似之处。Assurance取保险之意时尤指:人寿保险(life assurance);
Insurance保险,保险单,保险业,保险费。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:老板多次让我失望,我不再……他的承诺了。
第四期讲到conform时有这个句子。
再记一下这个词组have(place/put) reliance upon信任,信赖。Reliance信任的意思;
assurance信心;conformity一致;probability可能性。
2.翻译:经理向她保证,她的投诉会得到调查。
第四期讲到assume时有这个句子。
Assurance保证,给予承诺,做出保证;前面的搭配中提到的句型;
Assumption假定,假想;承担;
Sanction许可,批准;Insurance保险,保险费。
3.翻译:主任向我……如果我工作做得好,将付我双倍的薪水。
与上题一样,是那个句型:give sb. an assurance that…
Warrant(正当的)理由,根据;授权令;担保;证明某事物为正当或者某物件为正品,常用于被动语态。动词形式也用于表达保证和承诺;
Obligation义务,责任;
Certainty确定的事情,必然的事;确信,确定。
高频词讲解 Authorize
共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
vt. 授权,批准
搭配:authorize sb. to do 授权某人做
真题讲解:
1.翻译:会员卡可以……持有人在一年之内使用俱乐部的设施。
Authorize sb. to do sth.授权某人做某事;
Approve批准,认可;approve of sb./sth. 同意某人或某事;
Rectify矫正,调整;
Endow赋予,捐赠;endow sb. with sth.资助某人某事。
2.翻译:我告诉他我不在办公室时将……他做我的代理人。
四个选项中只有authorize可以与to do sth.连用。
Identify认出,鉴定,识别;Rationalize使合理化;Justify证明……是正当的。
3.翻译:美国有些大学是由国家资助的,另一些是私人……的,还有一些是由宗教组织资助的。
Endow资助,赋予;privately endowed表示私人资助,与state-supported形成对照关系;
Ensure保证,保护,赋予;attribute把……归因于,与to连用。

共出现2次,均作为陪考词出现。
vi. 1. (for, to)满足需要(或欲望),迎合; 2. (for) 提供饮食及服务,承办酒席。
例如:cater for the need of the customers满足顾客的需要。
真题讲解:
1.翻译:加拿大人口中的85%以上的讲法语的人都把法语作为母语,并……罗马天主教信仰。
第四期讲ascribe时有这个句子。
四个词都可以与to搭配:
cater迎合,对……提供所需的东西,供应伙食;
adhere坚持,坚信;粘附;追随,支持;
ascribe把……归因于;
subscribe捐助,订购(书籍、报刊等)。
2.翻译:我们应该把我们的精力与青春……给国家的发展。
第四期讲ascribe时有这个句子。
Dedicate献身,奉献,题词于书上;dedicate sth. to 把(时间和精力)贡献给
Cater to迎合,供应伙食;
Ascribe to把……归因于;
Cling vi, cling to 坚持,黏着,依附;
高频词讲解 Claim
共出现2次,均作为陪考词出现。
vt. 1.声称,断言; 2.对……提出要求,索取; 3.(灾难等)使失踪或死亡;
n. 1.声称,断言; 2.要求,认领,索赔。
真题讲解:
1、2.翻译:当他试图去……他发现饭店已经被一场会议全占满了。
99年之前共考过2次,新东方张亚哲老师说再也不会考了!
complain是动词形式,抱怨,控诉;Claim——永赔词汇;Reservation预定;
Mess混乱,mess up常用词组,I have messed up all the things.我把所有的事情搞得一团糟。
Revision复查,修正;Complaint抱怨者,抗议者。
总结:
1.上述17题请多看几遍,重在理解。 
2.重点掌握constrain、assurance、authorize、cater、claim这五个单词,以及词语辨析。
3.除了constrain、assurance、authorize、cater、claim之外,请熟背以下单词:sustain, compulsory, abolish, expire, amend, obscure, alter, dominate, restrict, repel, condense, converge, conform, assume, warrant, obligation, rectify, endow, identify, justify, adhere, ascribe, subscribe, dedicate,reservation.