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考前通关必看:CET6真题高频词汇大解析(七)

来源:慢速英语   时间:1970-01-01 08:00:00

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Intensify(7次)

1. By turning this knob to the right you can ________ the sound from the radio. (05/1)
A) intensify
B) amplify
C) enlarge
D) reinforce
2. I found it difficult to _____ my career ambitions with the need to bring up my children. (03/6)
A) consolidate
B) amend
C) reconcile
D) Intensify
3. The music aroused an _______ feeling of homesickness in him. (02/12)
A) intentional
B) intermittent
C) intense
D) intrinsic
4. His successful negotiations with the Americans helped him to _________ his position in he government. (02/1)
A) contrive
B) consolidate
C) heave
D) intensify
5. The presidential candidate ______ his position by winning several primary elections. (99/6)
A) enforced
B) enriched
C) intensified
D) consolidated
6. Competition, they believe, __________ the national character than corrupt it. (97/1)
A) enforces
B) confirms
C) intensifies
D) strengthens
7. Of the thousands of known volcanoes in the world, the _______ majority are inactive. (97/1)
A) tremendous
B) demanding
C) intensive
D) overwhelming
Barren(3次)
1. He tried to hide ___ his patch by sweeping his hair over to one side. (04/6)
A) barren
B) bare
C) bald
D) bleak
2. Within ten years they have tamed the ____hill into green woods. (03/9)
A) vacant
B) barren
C) weird
D) wasteful
3. Many people think of deserts as ______ regions, but numerous species of plants andanimals have adapted to life there. (99/6)
A) virgin
B) barren
C) void
D) wretched
Blunder(3次)
1. Many pure metals have little use because they are too soft, rust too easily, or have some other _______. (02/1)
A) drawbacks
B) handicaps
C) bruises
D) blunders
2. Small farms and the lack of modern technology have ______ agricultural production.(01/1)
A) blundered
B) tangled
C) bewildered
D) hampered
3. I think that I committed a _______ in asking her because she seemed very upset by my question. (99/1)
A) blunder
B) revenge
C) reproach
D) scandal
Commence(2次)
1. The Space Age ______ in October 1957 when the first artificial satellite was launched by the Soviet Union. (99/1)
A) initiated
B) originated
C) embarked
D) commenced
2. To ____ for his unpleasant experiences he drank a little more than was good for him. (98/1)
A) commence
B) compromise
C) compensate
D) compliment
Commission(2次)
1. By signing the lease we made a _______ to pay a rent of $ 150 a week. (99/6)
A) conception
B) commission
C) commitment
D) confinement
2. The insurance company paid him $10, 000 in _______ after his accident. (97/6)
A) compensation
B) installment
C) substitution
D) commission

Intensify:BCCBD CD
Barren:CBB
Blunder:ADA
Commence:DC
Commission:CA
高频词讲解 Intensify
共出现7次,作为主考词2次,陪考词5次。
v.(使)增强,(使)加剧
辨析:
intensify, strengthen都有加强的意思。
Intensify强调的是程度上的加强和强化,比原来更进一步,如:intensify the scrutiny加强审查;
Strengthen强调的是加强具体实力,难度,如:The enemy is strengthened.敌军力量增强。
真题讲解:
B 1. By turning this knob to the right you can ________ the sound from the radio. (05/1)
A) intensify
B) amplify
C) enlarge
D) reinforce
翻译:向右旋转按钮,收音机里的声音就会……。
Amplify放大,除指程度上详尽,还指声音、电流增强;
Intensify加强,指强度加大;
Enlarge扩大,主要指尺寸扩大;
Reinforce增强,指给予更多的力量或效力。
C 2. I found it difficult to _____ my career ambitions with the need to bring up my children. (03/6)
A) consolidate
B) amend
C) reconcile
D) Intensify
翻译:我觉得在我的职业志向和抚养孩子这两者之间很难……。
第三期出现过这句话,当时的高频词是amend.
Consolidate巩固,加强,把……连在一起,consolidate sth. into sth. 使事物联合或合并
Intensify加强,加剧;Amend修订;
Reconcile调和,reconcile…with…使……与……调和、和解。
C 3. The music aroused an _______ feeling of homesickness in him. (02/12)
A) intentional
B) intermittent
C) intense
D) intrinsic
翻译:音乐激起了他……的思乡之情。
Intense强烈的,与feeling搭配表示强烈的感情;
Intentional故意的,一般修饰言行;
Intermittent间歇的,修饰具体事物或行为,如雨雪声音;
Intrinsic内在的,本质的,形容人或物的性格或本质。
B 4. His successful negotiations with the Americans helped him to _________ his position in he government. (02/1)
A) contrive
B) consolidate
C) heave
D) intensify
翻译:他与美国人进行的成功谈判有助于……他在政府中的地位。
Consolidate巩固,consolidate position指巩固地位;
Contrive发明,设计,想出;Heave举起,拉起;Intensify加强,加剧。
D 5. The presidential candidate ______ his position by winning several primary elections. (99/6)
A) enforced
B) enriched
C) intensified
D) consolidated
翻译:这位总统候选人赢得了最初的几场选举从而……了自己的地位。
与上题类似,巩固地位,Consolidate;
Enforce强制,强迫,实施;Enrich丰富,充实;intensify增强,使变强列。
C 6. Competition, they believe, __________ the national character than corrupt it. (97/1)
A) enforces
B) confirms
C) intensifies
D) strengthens
翻译:他们相信竞争……民族精神,而非摧毁。
首先应该判断出需要选择corrupt(腐蚀,堕落)的反义词:rather than是极端对立句型,句型前面的动词是后面动词的反义词。
Enforce执行,坚持;Confirm确定,批准;
Intensify强化,如强化工作;Strengthen加强,加强力量,实力。
D 7. Of the thousands of known volcanoes in the world, the _______ majority are inactive. (97/1)
A) tremendous
B) demanding
C) intensive
D) overwhelming
翻译:世界上已知的数千个火山中,……是死火山。
Tremendous巨大的,高速的;
Demanding耗费时间精力,麻烦的,需要引起注意的;永赔词汇;
Intensive密集的,集中的,加强的;
Overwhelming占绝对优势的,压倒多数的。

共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
adj. 1.(土地)贫瘠的,荒芜的; 2 . 不结果实的,不生育的; 3. 无益的,没有结果的。
真题讲解:
C 1. He tried to hide ___ his patch by sweeping his hair over to one side. (04/6)
A) barren
B) bare
C) bald
D) bleak
翻译:他把头发梳到一边,试图掩盖那块儿……。
Barren贫瘠的,即缺少有益的植被;
Bare赤裸的,指没穿衣服或适当覆盖物的;
Bald秃头的;Bleak暗淡的。
B 2. Within ten years they have tamed the ____hill into green woods. (03/9)
A) vacant
B) barren
C) weird
D) wasteful
翻译:十年间,他们把……山变成了绿林。
只有Barren与hill搭配与green woods形成对比,指贫瘠的山区;
vacant空的,空闲的(房子或座位),空缺的(职位);
weird怪异的,古怪的;神秘而可怕的;wasteful浪费的,不经济的。
B 3. Many people think of deserts as ______ regions, but numerous species of plants andanimals have adapted to life there. (99/6)
A) virgin
B) barren
C) void
D) wretched
翻译:许多人认为沙漠……,但却有许多动植物品种适合在那里存活。
Barren可以修饰deserts;virgin处女的,原始的;void无效的,空的;wretch可怜的人。
高频词讲解 Blunder
共出现3次,作为主考词1次,陪考词2次。
n.犯错; vi.1.跌跌撞撞地走,慌乱地走; 2.犯错误
辨析:
blunder, error, mistake都表示错误
blunder往往只无知、疏忽、粗心大意等造成“大错”;
error一般指判断、计算等错误;
mistake一般强调的是误解、弄错等错误。
真题讲解:
A 1. Many pure metals have little use because they are too soft, rust too easily, or have some other _______. (02/1)
A) drawbacks
B) handicaps
C) bruises
D) blunders
翻译:许多纯金属几乎没用,因为它们太软,容易生锈,或者有其他一些……。
Drawback缺点,缺陷,瑕疵,强调事物本身的不足;
Handicap障碍,不利的条件;
Bruise淤伤,擦伤,指人体或水果由于打击或碰撞使皮肤或果皮变色但未破裂的伤;
Blunder主语常为人,指大错,愚笨或粗心的错误。
D 2. Small farms and the lack of modern technology have ______ agricultural production.(01/1)
A) blundered
B) tangled
C) bewildered
D) hampered
翻译:小农场的大量存在和现代化技术的缺乏……农业生产。
Blunder犯错误;跌跌撞撞地走;Tangle使纠缠,使乱作一团;
Bewilder使迷惑,使难住;Hamper妨碍,束缚,限制。
A 3. I think that I committed a _______ in asking her because she seemed very upset by my question. (99/1)
A) blunder
B) revenge
C) reproach
D) scandal
翻译:我犯了个……,不该问她这个问题,因为这个问题让她不安。
Blunder错误,复合题意;Revenge复仇;Reproach责备;Scandal丑闻;
另外根据commit犯(错误、罪行等),干(蠢事,坏事等)的意思也可以得出答案。

共出现2次,1次主考,1次陪考。
v. 开始。
搭配:commence on 着手; commence with 从……开始。
辨析:
begin, commence, start, embark这组词都有“开始”的意思。
Begin“开始”,为一般用语;
Commence“开始,着手”,为正是用语;
Start强调“做某件事的第一步”
Embark“着手,从事”,常需与on, upon等介词连用。
真题讲解:
D 1. The Space Age ______ in October 1957 when the first artificial satellite was launched by the Soviet Union. (99/1)
A) initiated
B) originated
C) embarked
D) commenced
翻译:1957年10月苏联发射第一颗人造卫星,太空时代……。
Initiate创始,发起,一般表示活动,团体的产生;
Originate起源,发生;originate from某事从某处发源;sb. originate sth.某人发明/创造……;
Embark着手;embark on doing sth.开始一件令人激动的事;
Commence开始,着手;重大事件及历史时期的开始;另外,本句是个正式的新闻语句。
C 2. To ____ for his unpleasant experiences he drank a little more than was good for him. (98/1)
A) commence
B) compromise
C) compensate
D) compliment
翻译:为了……不愉快的经历,他多喝了点酒。
Commence开始;Compromise妥协;
Compensate补偿;compensate一般与for连用,表示为某事进行补偿;Compliment恭维。
高频词讲解 Commission
共出现2次,均作为陪考词出现。
n.1.委员会;2.佣金,回扣; 3.授权,委托;
vt. 委任,委托
真题讲解:
C 1. By signing the lease we made a _______ to pay a rent of $ 150 a week. (99/6)
A) conception
B) commission
C) commitment
D) confinement
翻译:在租约上签字后,我们……将每周付$150.
Conception概念,观念;Commission委任,佣金;
Commitment约定,承诺,责任;Confinement限制。
A 2. The insurance company paid him $10, 000 in _______ after his accident. (97/6)
A) compensation
B) installment
C) substitution
D) commission
翻译:在这次事故中,保险公司……了他10,000美元。
Compensation补偿;in compensation补偿,赔偿;
Installment分期付款;Substitution代替,取代,保险代理人;
Commission委托,佣金、回扣。
总结:
1.上述17题请多看几遍,重在理解。
2.重点掌握intensify、barren、blunder、commence、commission这五个单词,以及词语辨析。
3.除了intensify、barren、blunder、commence、commission之外,请熟背以下单词:reinforce, consolidate, amend, reconcile, intrinsic,contrive, consolidate, heave, enforce, confirm, strengthen, overwhelm, bewilder, hamper, revenge, reproach, initiate, originate, compromise, compensate, compensate, conception(conceive), commit, confine, installment.