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考前通关必看:CET6真题高频词汇大解析(八)

来源:慢速英语   时间:1970-01-01 08:00:00
Persistent(7次)

1. ________ efforts are needed in order to finish important but unpleasant tasks. (05/1)
A) Consecutive
B) Condensed
C) Perpetual
D) Persistent
2. If you go to the park every day in the morning, you will _____ find him doing physical exercise there. (03/6)
A) ordinarily
B) invariably
C) logically
D) persistently
3. What you say now is not ____ with what you said last week. (02/6)
A) consistent
B) persistent
C) permanent
D) insistent
4. For many patients, institutional care is the most ______ and beneficial form of care. (00/6)
A) pertinent
B) appropriate
C) acute
D) persistent
5. Bill is an example of a severely disabled person who has become _______ at many survival skills. (99/1)
A) proficient
B) persistent
C) consistent
D) sufficient
6. For many patients, institutional care is the most _______ and beneficial form of care. (98/6)
A) persistent
B) appropriate
C) thoughtful
D) sufficient
7. Some fish have a greater __________ for acid water than others. (98/1)
A) tolerance
B) resistance
C) dependence
D) persistence
Brisk(3次)
1. The reason why so many children like to eat this new brand of biscuit is that it is particularly sweet and ___. (05/6)
A) fragile
B) feeble
C) brisk
D) crisp
2. She gave ________ directions about the way the rug should be cleaned. (05/1)
A) explicit
B) brisk
C) transient
D) opaque
3. The new secretary has written a remarkably ____report within a few hundred words but with all the important details included. (03/9)
A) concise
B) brisk
C) precise
D) elaborate
Certify(3次)
1. Some felt that they were
hurrying into an epoch of unprecedented enlightenment, in which better education and beneficial technology would_______wealth and leisure for all. (05/6)
A) maintain
B) ensure
C) certify
D) console
2. High grades are supposed to ________ academic ability, but John's actual performance did not confirm this. (04/6)
A) certify
B) clarify
C) classify
D) notify
3. Sometimes the bank manager himself is asked to ____ cheques if his clerks are not sure about them. (03/12)
A) credit
B) assure
C) certify
D) access
Commit(2次)
1. As visiting scholars, they willingly _______ to the customs of the country they live in. (02/12)
A) submit
B) conform
C) subject
D) commit
2. By signing the lease we made a _______ to pay a rent of $ 150 a week. (99/6)
A) conception
B) commission
C) commitment
D) confinement
Complement(2次)
1. The Christmas tree was decorated with shining ________ such as colored lights and glass balls.(01/1)
A) ornaments
B) luxuries
C) exhibits
D) complements
2. Movie directors use music to _______ the action on the screen. (98/6)
A) contaminate
B) compliment
C) contemplate
D) complement

Persistent:DBABA BA
Brisk:DAA
Certify:BAC
Commit:BC
Complement:AD
高频词讲解 Persistent
共出现7次,作为主考词1次,陪考词6次。
adj. 1.坚持不懈的,执著的; 2.持续的
辨析:
persistent, preserving, insistent都有坚持之意。
Persistent指不受外界影响而固执的继续干自己要干的事;
Preserving坚持的,坚毅的,指不因挫折而沮丧,以勇气及耐心继续下去,有一种向上的特性;
Insistent坚持的,继续干某事,但没有固执己见的含义。
真题讲解:
D 1. ________ efforts are needed in order to finish important but unpleasant tasks. (05/1)
A) Consecutive
B) Condensed
C) Perpetual
D) Persistent
翻译:想要完成重要但讨厌的工作需要……的努力。
Consecutive连续的,连贯的,主要指时间上的连续;
Condense浓缩的;Perpetual永久的,永恒的,无休止的,指永远持续;
Persistent持久的,百折不挠的,不屈服的。
B 2. If you go to the park every day in the morning, you will _____ find him doing physical exercise there. (03/6)
A) ordinarily
B) invariably
C) logically
D) persistently
翻译:如果你每天早上去公园,就……发现他在那里锻炼身体。
Ordinarily一般地,如常地,照例地;频率上不及every day;
Invariably总是,不变地,强调一种情况的不断重复;
Logically合理地,合乎逻辑地;
Persistently持久地,坚持不懈地;指时间上的持续存在,修是动词应为持续性动词,不能修饰find.
A 3. What you say now is not ____ with what you said last week. (02/6)
A) consistent
B) persistent
C) permanent
D) insistent
翻译:你现在所说得跟你上个星期所讲的不……。
Consistent一致的,符合的;be consistent with与……一致,符合;
Persistent(坚持的)和Permanent(永恒的,永久的)不与with搭配使用;
Insistent执拗的,坚持不懈的;用于词组be insistent on doing sth.或be insistent that sb. (should) do sth.坚持要(某人)做某事。
B 4. For many patients, institutional care is the most ______ and beneficial form of care. (00/6)
A) pertinent
B) appropriate
C) acute
D) persistent
翻译:对许多病人来说,慈善机构的护理是最……并且最有益的一种护理方式。
Pertinent相关的,有关系的;Appropriate适当的,恰当的;
Acute敏锐的,(疾病)急性的;严重的,激烈的;尖锐的;
Persistent持续的,坚持不懈的,执意的;
此处填入的单词要与“最有益的”并列共同修饰“护理方式”。
A 5. Bill is an example of a severely disabled person who has become _______ at many survival skills. (99/1)
A) proficient
B) persistent
C) consistent
D) sufficient
翻译:Bill是个典型的……多种求生技能的高位截瘫的残疾人。
Proficient精通;常与skill一起出现,表示娴熟的技术。
Persistent持久稳固的;Consistent一致的,稳固的;Sufficient充分的,足够的。
B 6. For many patients, institutional care is the most _______ and beneficial form of care. (98/6)
A) persistent
B) appropriate
C) thoughtful
D) sufficient
翻译:对许多病人来说,慈善机构的护理是最……并且最有益的一种护理方式。
与第四题完全一样,就是选项稍有不同。
Persistent坚持的;Appropriate合适的,适合的;
Thoughtful沉思的,为他人着想的;Sufficient足够的。
A 7. Some fish have a greater __________ for acid water than others. (98/1)
A) tolerance
B) resistance
C) dependence
D) persistence
翻译:一些鱼比起其它鱼来有更强的……酸水的能力。
Tolerance容忍,忍耐力;Resistance抵抗力;
Dependence依赖性,赖药性;Persistence坚持,固执。

共出现3次,均作为陪考词出现。
adj. 1.轻快的;2.生气勃勃的;3.兴隆的,繁忙的,活跃的;4.寒冷而清新的。
真题讲解:
D 1. The reason why so many children like to eat this new brand of biscuit is that it is particularly sweet and ___. (05/6)
A) fragile
B) feeble
C) brisk
D) crisp
翻译:很多孩子喜欢这种新牌子的饼干是因为它特别甜,非常……。
Brisk轻快的;Crisp脆的,指松脆食物时有酥脆之意;
Feeble虚弱的;Fragile易碎的,指某物已被打碎的。
A 2. She gave ________ directions about the way the rug should be cleaned. (05/1)
A) explicit
B) brisk
C) transient
D) opaque
翻译:她对于如何清理地毯说得很……。
Explicit详述的,明确的;直言的,毫不隐瞒的;directions指导,与explicit搭配,表示明确的指导,这与后面如何清理地毯有逻辑联系。
Brisk轻快的,生气勃勃的;兴隆的;寒冷而清新的;
Transient短暂的,转瞬即逝的;Opaque不透明的,不透光的;难理解的,晦涩的。
A 3. The new secretary has written a remarkably ____report within a few hundred words but with all the important details included. (03/9)
A) concise
B) brisk
C) precise
D) elaborate
翻译:那位新秘书仅用几百字写就一份非常……的报告,并且所有的重要细节都包括在内了。
Concise简要的,指仅用少量词语而表达较多内容,强调言简意赅;
Precise精确的,着重于精确,多修饰information details等report的内容,而不修饰report;
Brisk轻快的,多修饰行动或心情;Elaborate详尽的,与句意矛盾。
高频词讲解 Certify
共出现3次,作为主考词2次,陪考词1次。
vt. 1.证明,证实; 2.发证书给;vi. 证明,作证。
真题讲解:
B 1. Some felt that they were hurrying into an epoch of unprecedented enlightenment, in which better education and beneficial technology would ___wealth and leisure for all. (05/6)
A) maintain
B) ensure
C) certify
D) console
翻译:一些人觉得自己正快速步入了一个前所未有的启蒙时代,良好的教育、有益的技术……所有人富有、悠闲。
Ensure确保,确保某事能发生;Certify证明,通过某种检验证明真实性或正确性;
Maintain保持;Console安慰。
A 2. High grades are supposed to ________ academic ability, but John's actual performance did not confirm this. (04/6)
A) certify
B) clarify
C) classify
D) notify
翻译:高分应该是学术能力的……,但是John的实际表现并未证实这点。
从句中的but可知,前后两部分表述的意思相反,由confirm(证实)可知前半句中应填入其近义动词,故为certify.
Certify证明,证实;Clarify澄清,说明,阐明;
Classify把……分类,把……分级;notify通告,宣告。
C 3. Sometimes the bank manager himself is asked to ____ cheques if his clerks are not sure about them. (03/12)
A) credit
B) assure
C) certify
D) access
翻译:如果职员对这些支票不是很肯定的话,有时得要求银行经理本人在支票……。
Credit相信,为……提供信誉贷款,把……记入贷方;
Assure保证,使确信,使放心,担保;常用于assure sb. of sth.表示使某人对某事确信;
Certify担保,证明,证实;在(支票)正面签署保证付款;
Access接近,使用;存取(数据等);作动词时意为“存取计算机文件”,不与cheques连用。

共出现2次,作为主考词1次,陪考词1次。
vt. 1.(to)将……托付给,把……置于;2.(~oneself)使承担义务,使承诺,献身;
3.调拨……供使用,拨出;4.犯(罪),干(坏事)
衍生:commitment: n.1.信奉,献身;2.承担的义务;3.承诺,许诺,保证。
真题讲解:
B 1. As visiting scholars, they willingly _______ to the customs of the country they live in. (02/12)
A) submit
B) conform
C) subject
D) commit
翻译:作为访问学者,他们愿意……所生活的国家的习俗。
Submit服从,屈服,提交;submit to 表示无奈之下的顺从,服从;
Conform(对规则、风俗、社会规范)遵从,适应,顺从;相似,一致,符合;
Subject使隶属,使服从,使遭受;subject to易于……的;
Commit承担,保证,委托,犯罪;commit to把……提交给,委身于,专心致志于。
C 2. By signing the lease we made a _______ to pay a rent of $ 150 a week. (99/6)
A) conception
B) commission
C) commitment
D) confinement
翻译:在租约上签字后,我们……将每周付$150.
上期讲commission时讲过这句话。
Conception概念,观念;Commission委任,佣金;
Commitment约定,承诺,责任;Confinement限制。
高频词讲解 Complement
共出现2次,作为主考词1次,陪考词1次。
vt. 1.补足,补充;2.与……相配
n. 1.补充,互为补充的东西;2补(足)语;3.编制名额,装配定额。
辨析:
形近辨析:complement, compliment
Complement补充,补足;Love is a complement to the law.法中有爱始完备。
Compliment赞美,恭维;Give my compliments to your parents.代我向令尊、令堂问候。
意近辨析:complement & supplement
Complement补充,补足;侧重使完备(complete);
A fine wine is a complement to a good meal.盛宴不可无美酒。
Supplement增补,补充;侧重另外提供(supply)材料,增补。
This is the supplement to the book.这是该书的补遗。
真题讲解:
A 1. The Christmas tree was decorated with shining ________ such as colored lights and glass balls.(01/1)
A) ornaments
B) luxuries
C) exhibits
D) complements
翻译:圣诞树上点缀着彩灯和玻璃球之类闪光的……。
Ornament装饰(品),点缀(品),与句意相符;
Luxury奢侈(品),华贵;Exhibit展览品,陈列品;Complement补充,互为补充的东西。
D 2. Movie directors use music to _______ the action on the screen. (98/6)
A) contaminate
B) compliment
C) contemplate
D) complement
翻译:电影导演用音乐和屏幕上的动作……。
Contaminate污损,弄脏;被污染的;词义范围比pollute大;compliment赞美,恭维;
Contemplate思索,沉思;Complement补足,与……相配;
六级表示思索的词还有:reckon, ponder, observe.
总结:
1.上述17题请多看几遍,重在理解。
2.重点掌握persistent、brisk、certify、commit、complement这五个单词,以及词语辨析。
3. 除了persistent、brisk、certify、commit、complement之外,请熟背以下单词:condense, perpetual, consistent, permanent, appropriate, acute, sufficient, tolerant, fragile, feeble, explicit, concise, notify, assure, conform, subject.