今天我们要学的词是 spur。spur 的意思是刺激、带动，spur作为名词有以下几个意思：
a sharp pointed object that riders sometimes wear on the heels of their boots and use to encourage their horse to go faster
[usually sing.] ~ (to sth)
a fact or an event that makes you want to do sth better or more quickly
an area of high ground that sticks out from a mountain or hill
a road or a railway/railroad track that leads from the main road or line
Experts say U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to tap Steve Biegun, the special representative for North Korea, as deputy secretary of state could spur Washington's denuclearization talks with Pyongyang. 专家们认为，美国总统特朗普决定任命朝鲜问题特使史蒂夫·比根为副国务卿，可能会带动华盛顿与平壤进行无核化谈判。
The anonymous CIA official's complaint made against President Donald Trump that spurred Democrats to launch an impeachment inquiry has been declassified and released. 美国中央情报局一位匿名官员对特朗普总统提出的投诉促使国会民主党人发起弹劾调查，投诉内容已被解密和公开。
It's the money that spurs these fishermen to risk a long ocean journey in their flimsy boats
The administration may put more emphasis on spurring economic growth
Redundancy is the spur for many to embark on new careers.
They admitted they had taken a vehicle on the spur of the moment
Young conductors earn their spurs in a small orchestra or opera house.
His friend's plight had spurred him into taking part.
The trade pacts will spur an exodus of US businesses to Mexico.
This report could spur some buying in corn futures when the market opens today