Quarter-Million Tons of Plastic Plague Oceans
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch may be the most infamous of the worlds floating trash dumps. But its far from the only one. Theres plastic trash littering the Bay of Bengal, the Mediterranean Sea, the coast of Indonesia, all five subtropical gyres; coastal regions, enclosed bays, seas and gulfs. Marcus Eriksen, director of research at the Five Gyres Institute.
Eriksen surveyed those areas, along with his seafaring colleagues. Collectively, they spent some 900 hours logging every large piece of plastic they could spot from their boats. And they trawled for plastic nearly 700 times along the way, picking through their nets and cataloguing the debris. I find the necks of bottles, fragments of toothbrushes and combs. Action figure parts. Army men. I find a lot of army men.
The researchers plugged that trash census data into ocean models, which simulate the circulation of the worlds waters. Based on the densities of trash the researchers found, the models predicted some 5.25 trillion particles of plastic may be floating out thereadding up to about 269,000 tons. And more than 90 percent of those pieces may be smaller than a grain of rice. The study appears in the journal PLOS ONE.
What happens to all that plastic? The oceans going to take it, blast it to smithereens, its going to cycle it through marine organisms, and sink it to the sea floor. Thats the ultimate life cycle, I believe, for plastics. Were like constantly sprinkling fish food on the entire ocean surface. The solution, Marcus says, isnt some fleet of seafaring garbage trucks. Its keeping our trash to ourselveswhich would be a sea change in behavior.