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科学美国人60秒:盖茨首席执行官:让我们努力减少孕产妇死亡率

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-05-08 16:56:36

Gates CEO: Lets Shrink Maternal Mortality

盖茨首席执行官:让我们努力减少孕产妇死亡率

Another one of the aspirations in the letter is between now and 2030 to cut by two thirds maternal mortality.

从现在起到2030年间,我年度致信中的另一个愿望是减少三分之二的孕产妇死亡率。

\Dr. Susan Desmond-Hellmann is CEO of the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation. On January 26th, she spoke with Scientific American about the goals the international philanthropic foundation put forth in its just-released annual letter.

苏珊德斯蒙德赫尔曼博士是比尔梅林达盖茨基金会的首席执行官。1月26日,她跟《科学美国人》讨论了关于国际慈善基金会在其刚刚发布的年度致信上提出的目标。

This has been an area that;s so important and so challenging. It is essential to think about all aspects of that. For example, one of the areas that the Foundation is now funding is family planning, so that a woman, or a young woman in particular, can decide when she wants to become pregnant, that that;s a decision she can make and she can space her children. And so I think it starts with that. We also have a big focus on nutrition, so a mom having a good nutritional status when she;s pregnant, again, very helpful. And then, again, working with local groups, with ministries of health, to make sure that a woman can deliver at a facility, where things are there available should she need the kind of care that having the baby at home wouldn;t enable her to have.

这个领域一直非常重要且十分具有挑战性。方方面面都要考虑到而且必须考虑周全。比如,其中一个目前基金会正在投资建立的领域就是计划生育,让一个女人,或者说尤其是年轻的女人可以决定她什么时候怀孕。不仅使她能够自己做决定,并且还可以为生育隔出必要的时间。因此我认为,应该由此入手。我们也很注重营养,怀孕时拥有良好的营养状况对一位母亲来说是非常有益的。再有就是,与当地组织合作,与卫生部合作,以确保一个女人可以在一个设施齐全的地方生产让孕妇能够使用到产子所需要的而家里又不具备的医疗条件。