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科学美国人60秒:《科学美国人》1930年研究发现足球赛“踢球”时间很短

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-05-08 16:56:37

Scientific Americans 1930 Football Study Found Little Actual Action

《科学美国人》1930年研究发现足球赛踢球时间很短

Thanksgiving Day means [turkey noises] and [football noises]. And you know what: there might be more total action at the dinner table than in the football game.

感恩节意味着【火鸡声】和【足球声】。知道吗:餐桌上的活动数量可能比足球赛场的还要多。

\Back in 2010 the Wall Street Journal announced that their study of four game broadcasts, combined with analysis by other researchers, found that the average amount of time the ball is in play on the field during an NFL game is about 11 minutes.

2010年《华尔街日报》宣布,他们通过研究四场球赛广播以及结合其他研究者的分析发现:一场全美橄榄球联盟赛,球场上玩球的平均时间约为11分钟。

Turns out the Journal;s study merely confirmed a Scientific American investigation that we did 80 years earlier.

不过,《华尔街日报》的该研究仅仅是证实了《科学美国人》80年前做过的一项调查。

While scrounging through our digital archives recently I happened on the article from our November 1930 issue, titled, How many minutes of play in the average football game? Author Hugo L. Rusch was the supervisor of the Technical Data Section of the JohnsManville Corp. He studied eight college games between 1927 and 1929 that included teams from a few Ivy League schools as well as Notre Dame, Army, Stanford and Ohio State. And he found that the time the ball was actually in play during those games was 12 minutes, 22 seconds. I;d guess that the tendency to use more time-consuming running plays back in the day accounts for the extra minute or so of college game action back then compared to today;s NFL style.

最近通过搜寻我们的数字档案,我发现我报1930年11月份发行的题为一场足球赛平均有多长时间在踢球的文章。作者雨果L鲁奇时任约翰-曼维尔公司技术数据部主管。他研究了1927至1929年间的8场大学校园赛,其中包括一些常春藤盟校以及圣母大学、陆海军校、斯坦福大学和俄亥俄州立大学等学校的球队。他发现在这些球赛中,真正在踢球的时间为12分22秒。我猜,那时候的球赛跟现在的全美橄榄球联盟赛比起来倾向于更加耗时,估计是算上了当时时长约为一分钟的大学球赛开球运动。

Rusch;s article pointed out that watching football in person was really expensive if you figured you only paid to watch the actual plays. Why, he wrote, you could be paying $24.25 an hour to watch football. Because that;s what your $5 ticketyes, $5 for a major college gamewas really buying you. Rusch concluded that the stress of watching a game in person meant that even though you may be paying at the rate of $24.25 per hour to see actual football, perhaps it is best for you that there is only 12 minutes of it.If you kept this tension steadily for an hour, you might have to be carried out of the stadium.

鲁奇的文章指出如果计算出自己出钱只为看那一会儿实际踢球的时间,那个人看足球赛是非常昂贵的。为什么呢?他写道,即使是你每小时花24.25美元看球赛。而5美元的票就能帮你达到这个目的5美元就能买到一个专业大学球赛的票。鲁奇总结出,你可能按每小时支付24.25美元观看一场球赛,而从亲自观看球赛的压力方面来看,真正踢球的时间只有12分钟反而是最好的。因为如果你一直保持这种紧张状态长达一小时,可能就要被抬出赛场了。