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[翻译]Health Report - WHO: 80% of Urban Residents Breathe Unsafe Air

来源:慢速英语   时间:2016-05-31 08:50:30

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health & Lifestyle report.


A new study finds that more than 80 percent of people living in cities are breathing unsafe air.


The World Health Organization study on urban air quality says those most affected live in the world's poorest cities. The study finds urban air pollution has nearly doubled in 3,000 cities over the past two years. The cities are in 103 countries.


The study also shows that almost all cities with populations over 100,000, and in developing countries, have air pollution levels that do not meet WHO guidelines.


The WHO warns that as air quality worsens the risk increases for many diseases. These include stroke, heart disease, lung cancer, and breathing diseases such as asthma. Poor air quality is also responsible for an estimated seven million premature deaths every year.


Flavia Bustreo is WHO Assistant-Director General of Family, Women and Children's Health. In the report, she says that dirty air in cities most affects the youngest, oldest, and poorest people.

Flavia Bustreo是世界卫生组织家庭、妇女和儿童卫生部门的助理总干事。她在报告中表示,受城市污浊空气影响最大的是最年轻、最年老以及最贫穷的人。

However, her colleague, Maria Neira, says there are effective measures to deal with the problem. Neira leads the WHO’s Public Health and Environmental Policy.

然而她的同事玛丽亚·内拉(Maria Neira)表示,当前有一些有效措施可以解决这个问题。内拉领导着世界卫生组织公共卫生和环境政策司。

"You will see that in those cities where measures have been put in place, you can see a decrease on the levels of air pollution and, therefore, on the health risks caused by air pollution."


Neira agrees in the report that "urban air pollution continues to rise at an alarming rate” and severely affects human health. But she says the study shows improvements too. In her words, "awareness is rising and more cities are monitoring their air quality."


This includes increased monitoring of particulate matter in the air.


"Particulate matter," also known as particle pollution, is a complex mixture of extremely small particles and liquid droplets. Particulate matter is made up of a number of parts, including acids, organic chemicals, metals, and soil or dust. The WHO study finds a reduction in air pollutants could lessen deaths from particulate matter by 15 percent.


Carlos Dora is Coordinator of WHO's Department of Public Health and Environmental Policy. He says there are low-cost ways to improve air quality for even the poorest cities. These methods include using renewable power sources, such as solar and wind, and sustainable public transportation.

卡洛斯·多拉(Carlos Dora)是世界卫生组织公共卫生和环境政策司的协调员。他说,目前有一些低成本的方法能够改善空气质量,哪怕是最贫穷的城市也能采用。这些方法包括使用可再生能源,例如太阳能和风能,以及可持续的公共交通。

"If you have clean transportation means, like cycling, walking or rapid transit systems -- where you have a lot of people being carried with a few vehicles -- then you have less air pollution. Or, if you have cities like New York, which have cleaned the fuel to heat and cool the buildings in a major way … then you have important improvements in air pollution."


The report says the areas with the poorest air quality are in the Eastern Mediterranean and South East Asia.


I’m Anna Matteo.

Words in This Story

urban – adj. of or relating to cities and the people who live in them

stroke – n. a serious illness caused when a blood vessel in your brain suddenly breaks or is blocked

premature – adj. happening too soon or earlier than usual

colleague – n. a person who works with you : a fellow worker

monitor – v. to watch, observe, listen to, or check (something) for a special purpose over a period of time

renewable – adj. able to be extended for another time period : able to be renewed : restored or replaced by natural processes : able to be replaced by nature

sustainable – adj. able to be used without being completely used up or destroyed : involving methods that do not completely use up or destroy natural resources : able to last or continue for a long time

rapid – adj. moving quickly