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[翻译]AS IT IS - What Are the FBI and Department of Justice?

来源:慢速英语   时间:2016-11-04 08:57:22

The reopening of an FBI investigation into Hillary Clinton’s email has raised questions about whether the action could influence the U.S. presidential election.

美国联邦调查局重新开始调查希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)的电子邮件,这引发了人们对该行动是否会影响美国总统选举的质疑。

Last week, FBI Director James Comey announced the agency was reviewing a new set of emails recently discovered. The emails could be important to an investigation into Clinton’s email practices that was closed earlier this year. Hillary Clinton is the Democratic candidate for president.

上周,联邦调查局局长詹姆斯·科米(James Comey)宣布该机构正在检查最近发现的一系列新的电子邮件。这些电子邮件可能对今年早些时候结束的希拉里电邮门调查非常重要。希拉里是民主党总统候选人。

The FBI director reportedly acted on his own to announce the reopened investigation, after being warned by officials at the U.S. Department of Justice not to. The officials reportedly told Comey that informing Congress about the new material was not in line with department policy.


The incident raises questions about the relationship between the Justice Department and FBI, and how the two agencies cooperate. The FBI generally conducts investigations for the Justice Department, which is responsible for enforcing the laws and administering justice.


Beginnings in 1908


The FBI is an agency based in Washington D.C. It was started in 1908 by the head of the U.S. Department of Justice at the time, Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte.

联邦调查局总部位于华盛顿特区。该机构在1908年由当时的美国司法部部长,即总检察长查尔斯·波拿巴特(Charles J. Bonaparte)创办。

The bureau began as a special investigative force of the Justice Department with fewer than 35 employees. Today, it remains one of many agencies coming under the Department of Justice.


It is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community, a grouping of 16 agencies. These agencies work separately and together on intelligence activities related to U.S. foreign relations and national security.


The FBI investigates specific crimes assigned to its agents. It also provides other law enforcement agencies with fingerprint identification services, laboratory examinations, and training.


The U.S. president appoints a director for the agency. Barack Obama appointed James Comey in 2013. The appointment takes effect if the U.S. Senate confirms it. FBI directors can serve as long as ten years, but no longer.


The FBI website describes the bureau as “an intelligence-driven and threat-focused national security organization with both intelligence and law enforcement responsibilities.” Its mission is to “protect the American people and uphold the United States Constitution.”


The FBI has 56 locations in major U.S. cities, as well as more than 60 offices around the world. It employs nearly 35,000 people. This includes special agents, intelligence experts, language specialists, scientists and information technology specialists.


DOJ launched in 1870


An act of Congress created the Department of Justice in 1870. The Attorney General heads the agency. At the time, the government faced increasing legal cases brought against the United States.


The Department of Justice website says the main goal of the agency is to “enforce the law and defend the interest of the United States according to the law.”


Loretta Lynch currently leads the Justice Department. She took office in 2015 after President Obama nominated her and the Senate confirmed the nomination.

司法部目前由洛蕾塔·林奇(Loretta Lynch)领导,她在2015年奥巴马提名她并且得到参议院通过后就职。

FBI Director Comey reports to Lynch. Comey also has experience at the Department of Justice, where he served as deputy attorney general from 2003-2005.


I’m Caty Weaver.

Words in This Story

conduct – n. the way someone behaves

specific – adj. clearly and exactly stated

mission – n. a task or job given a person or organization to do

according to – prep. as stated, reported or recorded