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【教育报道】美国大学生的大麻使用率上升 U.S. college students' cannabis use rises

The college years in the United States are a time for students to experiment.Many U.S.colleges and universities urge their students to explore a variety of ideas,interests and even ways of thinking that may be different or new to them.


在美国的大学时代是学生们进行实验的时候。许多美国高校都敦促学生探索各种对他们来说可能不同或陌生的想法、兴趣甚至思维方式。


Most Americans who go to college usually do so right after high school,when they are away from home for the first time.John Schulenberg believes that because of this separation from family members,some of the experimentation done on college campuses is not healthy.


大多数上大学的美国人通常是在高中毕业后,当他们第一次离家时就这样做。约翰·舒伦伯格认为,由于这种与家庭成员的分离,在大学校园进行的一些实验并不健康。


Schulenberg is a research professor at the Institute for Social Research at the University of Michigan.He notes that for years,drug and alcohol use by students has been a big issue at U.S.colleges and universities.


舒伦伯格是密歇根大学社会研究所的研究教授。他指出,多年来,学生吸毒和酗酒一直是美国高校的大问题。


Many movies and television shows present drug and alcohol use as just a normal part of the college experience.Yet Schulenberg told VOA that it has a lasting effect on students'overall well-being.


许多电影和电视节目把吸毒和酗酒作为大学生活的一个正常部分。但舒伦伯格对美国之音说,这对学生的整体幸福感有着持久的影响。


"The fact is the brain is still growing…through the mid-20s,"he said.


他说:“事实上,大脑仍在增长……一直到20多岁。

That is why Schulenberg is concerned about evidence of increasing use of the drug marijuana at U.S.colleges and universities.In July,he and a team of researchers published a study.It found that in 2018,marijuana use among college-aged Americans reached the highest level since 1983.


这就是为什么舒伦伯格对美国高校越来越多使用毒品大麻的证据感到担忧。今年7月,他和一组研究人员发表了一项研究。研究发现,2018年,美国大学生吸食大麻的人数达到1983年以来的最高水平。


The researchers examined the behavior of about 1,500 young people,between the ages of 18 and 22,after their final year of high school.Almost 1,000 of these men and women were admitted to a college or university,while the rest were not.The study found that about 43 percent of those questioned reported using marijuana sometime during the past year.About 25 percent reported using it sometime within the past month.


研究人员调查了大约1500名18至22岁的年轻人在高中最后一年的行为。其中近1000名男女被大学录取,其余的则没有。这项研究发现,大约43%的被调查者在过去一年的某个时候曾吸食过大麻。大约25%的人报告说在过去一个月的某个时候使用过它。


Earlier research has suggested links between heavy marijuana use and poor academic performance and mental health issues.But Schulenberg worries more about another finding of the new study.It shows that the number of people vaping marijuana doubled between 2017 and 2018.They use an electronic device,such as an e-cigarette,to combine water vapor with marijuana.The vapor contains tetrahydrocannabinol,or THC,a chemical found naturally in the cannabis plant.


早先的研究表明,大量使用大麻与学习成绩差和心理健康问题之间存在联系。但舒伦伯格更担心新研究的另一个发现。报告显示,从2017年到2018年,吸食大麻的人数翻了一番。他们使用电子设备,如电子烟,将水蒸气与大麻结合起来。这种蒸汽中含有四氢大麻酚(THC),一种天然存在于大麻植物中的化学物质。


Schulenberg says he has never before seen any form of drug use double in just one year.


舒伦伯格说,他从未见过任何形式的吸毒在短短一年内翻番。


The New York Times reports that vaping has been tied to nearly 800 cases of lung disease and at least 14 deaths nationwide.The newspaper also reported that police have arrested producers of thousands of illegal THC-vaping devices in three states.


《纽约时报》报道说,vaping与全国近800例肺病和至少14例死亡有关。该报还报道说,警方已经在三个州逮捕了数千台非法的THC呼吸机的生产商。


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