首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 农业报道 > 【农业报道】改良种子帮非洲实现自给自足 Improved seeds help Africa achieve self-sufficiency

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【农业报道】改良种子帮非洲实现自给自足 Improved seeds help Africa achieve self-sufficiency

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 16:02:20

Large governmental organizations controlled the production of seeds in Africa for many years.Owners of small farms had to buy their seeds from these agencies.But now there is an effort to make seeds from other suppliers available to African farmers.The new,improved seeds might someday help Africa feed itself.


多年来,大型政府组织一直控制着非洲的种子生产。小农场的主人不得不从这些机构购买种子。但现在,非洲农民正努力从其他供应商那里获得种子。新的改良种子也许有一天能帮助非洲养活自己。


Edward Mabaya grew up in Zimbabwe.There were ten children in his family.His father was a construction worker.His mother farmed their land.He says the small farm was very successful because his mother used different kinds of seeds.


爱德华·马巴亚在津巴布韦长大。他家有十个孩子。他的父亲是一名建筑工人。他母亲耕种他们的土地。他说这个小农场非常成功,因为他母亲使用了不同种类的种子。


He says it was a time when many new kinds of seeds were coming into Zimbabwe.He said some farmers began to use them and increased their crop production.Mr.Mabaya said his parents used the money earned from those crops to send all their children to school.


他说,这是一个时候,许多新的种子进入津巴布韦。他说,一些农民开始使用它们,增加了作物产量。马巴亚说,他的父母用这些庄稼挣来的钱把所有的孩子送去上学。

Mr.Mabaya is now a researcher at Cornell University in New York.He is working on a project that he hopes will give other small farmers the same chance his parents had.


马巴亚先生现在是纽约康奈尔大学的研究员。他正在做一个项目,希望能给其他小农户和他父母一样的机会。


He leads The African Seed Access Index(TASAI),which researches Africa's seed industry.The organization was launched in March.It is a joint effort of Cornell University,a non-profit group called Market Matters,Inc.and the U.S.Department of Agriculture.


他领导研究非洲种子产业的非洲种子获取指数(TASAI)。该组织于三月成立。这是康奈尔大学(Cornell University)和美国农业部(U S.S.Department of Agriculture)共同努力的结果。


TASAI hopes to provide improved seeds to owners of small farms.Mr.Mabaya says Africa's seed industry is complex and can be inefficient.He says TASAI will try to identify areas of the industry that can be improved.


TASAI希望为小农场的主人提供改良的种子。马巴亚说,非洲的种子产业很复杂,效率可能很低。他说,TASAI将努力找出行业中可以改进的领域。


Some private seed developers are operating in Africa but not many.And they have not worked to develop new seeds.Most farmers in Africa use the same seeds they have been planting for many years,unlike farmers in the Western world.The seeds have not been improved to resist disease or tolerate drought.


一些私人种子开发商在非洲开展业务,但数量不多。他们还没有开发出新的种子。与西方国家的农民不同,非洲的大多数农民使用多年来种植的种子。这些种子没有经过改良以抵抗疾病或耐旱。


George Bigirwa works at the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa or AGRA.He says there are not enough improved seeds in Africa to supply the millions of farmers who need them.


乔治比吉瓦在非洲绿色革命联盟(AGRA)工作。他说,非洲没有足够的改良种子来供应数百万需要它们的农民。


"I remember when before AGRA came in,in some countries like Burkina Faso,like Mali,even Ghana,there were no seed companies.At least today you have an average of about six to eight seed companies in place.However,looking at the amount of seed each company produces,that is still very little."


“我记得在AGRA进入之前,在布基纳法索、马里、甚至加纳等一些国家,都没有种子公司。至少今天你平均有6到8家种子公司。不过,从每家公司的种子产量来看,这一数字仍然很小。”


He says improved seeds can help small farmers increase their production by six times.


他说,改良种子可以帮助小农增产6倍。


Mr.Mabaya says this difference can be enough to help farmers who are now growing just enough food to feed their families.He says instead they could grow crops to sell,as well.He says that could help them escape poverty.


马巴亚说,这一差异足以帮助农民种植足够养活家人的粮食。他说,相反,他们也可以种植作物出售。他说这可以帮助他们摆脱贫困。


Mr.Mabaya says there is still much work to be done to fully develop Africa's seed industry.But he says if seed companies and farmers in Africa continue to use the same agricultural technology the rest of the world uses,Africa will someday be able to feed itself.


马巴亚说,要全面发展非洲的种子产业,还有很多工作要做。但他说,如果非洲的种子公司和农民继续使用与世界其他地区相同的农业技术,非洲终有一天将能够养活自己。


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