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【农业报道】法国农民使用无人机检查作物 French farmers use drones to check crops

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 15:59:10

It used to be mostly the military that used small,unpiloted aircraft,called"drones."The little planes were very costly.But as they have dropped in price more people have begun to use them.Rescue workers and farmers are among the new users.


以前大部分的军队使用小型无人驾驶飞机,叫做“无人机”,这种小型飞机非常昂贵。但随着价格的下降,越来越多的人开始使用它们。救援人员和农民都是新用户。


A company in France is using drones to help farmers examine their crops and limit the amount of fertilizer they use.


法国一家公司正在使用无人机帮助农民检查作物,并限制他们使用的化肥量。


The fast rate of development of computer technology,image sensing devices,satellite navigation and smartphones has led to lower-priced drones.Researchers and developers have learned how to build smaller and less-costly drones sought by individuals,companies and governments.


计算机技术、图像传感设备、卫星导航和智能手机的快速发展导致了价格较低的无人机。研究人员和开发者已经学会了如何制造个人、公司和政府寻求的更小、成本更低的无人机。

Moviemakers are using drones to film from the sky.Historians use them when they explore ancient buildings.Rescue workers use them to look for people.And now farmers are using them to monitor their crops.


电影制作人正在使用无人机从空中拍摄。历史学家在探索古建筑时使用它们。救援人员用它们寻找人。现在农民们正利用它们来监测他们的作物。


Romain Faroux is a French businessman who starts companies.His father was a farmer.He believed drones could help farmers.He helped create a company that developed a small drone that could be controlled by people on the ground.They called it"Agridrone."It uses a special"optical sensor"to examine crops.


罗曼·法鲁克斯是一位创办公司的法国商人。他父亲是个农民。他相信无人机可以帮助农民。他帮助创建了一家公司,开发出一种小型无人机,可以由地面人员控制。他们称之为“农业机器人”,它使用一种特殊的“光学传感器”来检测农作物。


He says the technology used is similar to that used by smartphones--except it has wings.He says the industrialization of electronic parts for smartphones and tablets lets them get the technology--including GPS--at a very low price.


他说,所使用的技术与智能手机相似,只是它有翅膀。他说,智能手机和平板电脑电子部件的产业化使他们能够以非常低的价格获得包括GPS在内的技术。


A computer program directs the drone to fly over the crops.The sensor on the drone records four different-colored"bands"of sunlight that are reflected off the crops.


计算机程序引导无人机飞越庄稼。无人机上的传感器记录了四种不同颜色的“光带”,这些光带从作物上反射出来。


Jean-Baptiste Bruggeman is a farmer.He says the drone flies over his crops at different times of the season.He says this provides a lot of information about his crops.


让·巴普蒂斯特·布鲁格曼是个农民。他说无人机在一个季节的不同时间飞过他的庄稼。他说这提供了很多关于他的作物的信息。


He says the drone pictures show him the exact amount of fertilizer the crops need.He says it also shows exactly where the fertilizer is needed.Some areas of a field may need more than others.


他说,无人机的图片显示了作物所需的确切肥料量。他说,这也显示了肥料的确切需求。一个领域的某些领域可能比其他领域需要更多。


As a result,Mr.Bruggeman says there is reduced nitrogen from the fertilizer after the harvest.This helps nature.


因此,布鲁格曼先生说收获后肥料中的氮减少了。这有助于自然。


Romain Faroux says farmers use information gathered by the Agridrone to place fertilizer only in areas where it was needed.This saves money and reduces pollution.Before they used the drones,farmers would put the same amount of fertilizer everywhere.


Romain Faroux说,农民只在需要肥料的地方使用农业机器人收集的信息来放置肥料。这样既省钱又减少了污染。在使用无人机之前,农民们会把同样数量的肥料放在任何地方。


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