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【农业报道】花园里种玫瑰的方法 How to grow roses in the garden

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 15:57:49

Most kinds of rose plants come from Asia.But roses are also native to other areas including northwest Africa,Europe and the United States.


大多数玫瑰植物来自亚洲。但玫瑰也原产于其他地区,包括非洲西北部、欧洲和美国。


In nineteen eighty-six,the U.S.Congress chose the rose as America's national flower.Technically,Congress and President Ronald Reagan declared it the"national floral emblem."Whatever the name,the decision did not smell sweet to lovers of other flowers.


在1986年,美国国会选择玫瑰作为美国的国花。从技术上讲,国会和里根总统宣布它为“国花徽”,不管它叫什么名字,这个决定对其他花卉爱好者来说都没有甜味。


Some people say roses are difficult to grow.But you have a good chance of success if you start with a few suggestions from experts.You should plant your roses where they can get sunshine for about six hours on bright days.


有人说玫瑰很难种植。但是,如果你从专家的一些建议开始,你就有很好的成功机会。你应该把玫瑰种在阳光明媚的地方,在那里可以晒6个小时。

You can buy roses from a garden center or by mail order.You can buy potted roses,also known as container roses,or bare-root plants.Each kind has its fans.


你可以从花园中心或邮购玫瑰。你可以买盆栽玫瑰,也称为容器玫瑰,或裸根植物。每一种都有它的粉丝。


A field of roses in Bulgaria,traditionally one of the biggest exporters of high-grade rose oil,along with Morocco and Turkey

致病菌



保加利亚的一块玫瑰地,传统上是高档玫瑰油的最大出口国之一,与摩洛哥和土耳其一起


Some gardeners say potted roses are easier to plant.They say the roots develop better.But Jeffrey Dinslage,president of Nature Hills Nursery in Omaha,Nebraska,points out that bare-root roses come without soil.So they weigh less to transport.


一些园丁说盆栽玫瑰更容易种植。他们说树根发育得更好。但是内布拉斯加州奥马哈自然山苗圃的总裁杰弗里·丁斯莱奇指出,裸根玫瑰没有土壤。所以它们的重量要轻一些。


The University of Illinois Extension advises getting bare-root roses as close to planting time as you can.If they arrive before you are ready to plant them,make sure the packing material is moist.Keep the plants in a cool,dark place.You plant the roses while they are dormant.The resting plants have no leaves but still need water.


伊利诺伊大学推广部建议尽可能接近种植时间种植裸根玫瑰。如果它们在你准备种植之前就到了,请确保包装材料是潮湿的。把植物放在阴凉、黑暗的地方。你在玫瑰休眠时种植它们。休眠的植物没有叶子,但仍然需要水。


When growing roses,the soil should feel moist deep down.Watering should be done in the morning.That can prevent problems called black spot and mildew.


种植玫瑰时,土壤深层应该感到湿润。应该在早上浇水。这可以防止称为黑点和霉菌的问题。


But do not water too much.Jeffrey Dinslage says people often ask him about unhealthy discoloration on rose leaves.He says the spots are usually caused by too much water.After heavy rains or too much watering,he advises pulling away mulch temporarily from around the roots.This will help dry the soil.


但不要浇太多水。杰弗里·丁斯莱奇说,人们经常问他玫瑰叶子上不健康的变色。他说这些斑点通常是由太多的水引起的。大雨或浇水过多后,他建议暂时从根部周围拔掉覆盖物。这将有助于土壤干燥。


In normal conditions,placing mulch around rose plants is a good idea.Mulch suppresses weeds and holds moisture in the soil.You can use mulch made from bark,pine needles,cottonseed or oak leaves.


在正常情况下,在玫瑰植株周围放置覆盖物是一个好主意。覆盖物抑制杂草并保持土壤水分。你可以使用树皮、松针、棉籽或橡树叶制成的覆盖物。


If your soil is very dry,you can add peat or compost,which returns nutrients to the soil.If aphids,thrips or other insects invade your rose bushes,you may be able to force them off with just a strong spray of water.


如果你的土壤非常干燥,你可以添加泥炭或堆肥,这将养分返回土壤。如果蚜虫,蓟马或其他昆虫入侵你的玫瑰丛,你可以迫使他们离开,只要一个强大的喷水。


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