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【词汇典故】先有鸡还是先有蛋 Chicken or egg first

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 10:29:33

The phrasal verb chicken out has a similar meaning.If you"chicken out,"you decide not to do something because you are too scared.


短语动词chicken out也有类似的意思。如果你“胆小鬼”,你决定不做什么,因为你太害怕了。


For example,let's say you and your friends are at a party.They dare you to go on stage and sing with the band that is playing."No problem,"you say.You're not chicken,you tell yourself.But as you walk toward the stage,sweat starts dripping down your back.Your heart beats faster.Without realizing it,you are backing away from the stage and running toward the restroom.


例如,假设你和你的朋友在聚会上。他们敢让你上台和正在演奏的乐队一起唱歌。”“没问题,”你说。你告诉自己,你不是胆小鬼。但当你走向舞台时,汗水开始从你的背上滴下来。你的心跳加快。不知不觉中,你从舞台上退后,跑向洗手间。


You have chickened out.


你害怕了。


There are other ways in English to insult someone using chicken expressions.


在英语中,还有其他一些用鸡来侮辱别人的方式。

If you are running around like a chicken with its head cut off you are acting in a crazy way.You don't seem in control of your mind or body.This comes from the gruesome fact that sometimes when a chicken's head is cut off,its body can still run around before it dies.


如果你像一只被砍头的小鸡一样到处乱跑,那你就是疯了。你似乎无法控制自己的身心。这源于一个可怕的事实:有时当一只鸡的头被砍掉时,它的身体仍然可以在它死之前到处乱跑。


You can use this expression in many situations.To use another party example,let's say you are planning a big party for a friend.You are in charge of inviting guests,choosing the food and drinks,decorations and entertainment.So,you are in charge of everything!You have a lot to do.


你可以在很多情况下使用这个表达式。举另一个聚会的例子,假设你正在为一个朋友策划一个大型聚会。你负责邀请客人,选择食物和饮料,装饰和娱乐。所以,你负责一切!你有很多事要做。


So,you ask your best friend,Christopher,to help.But he's not a big help.All he can think about is who he's inviting to the party.You see,his girlfriend is out of town.So,he invites a woman he's been dating secretly,Liza.You warn him that this could backfire.But he doesn't care.


所以,你请你最好的朋友克里斯托弗帮忙。但他帮不了大忙。他所能想到的就是他要邀请谁参加聚会。你看,他的女朋友出城了。所以,他邀请了一个秘密约会的女人,莉莎。你警告他这可能适得其反。但他不在乎。


The day of the party comes.And things start going wrong almost immediately.


聚会的日子到了。事情马上就开始出错了。


The florist sends funeral flowers instead of the bright party flowers you ordered.The food you ordered is frozen and will not be ready for at least another day.The drinks are warm because you don't have enough ice.And the lead singer of the band is sick.


花店送葬花,而不是你点的鲜艳的派对花。你点的食物是冷冻的,至少要过一天才能准备好。因为你没有足够的冰,所以饮料是热的。乐队的主唱病了。


You run around like a chicken with its head cut off trying to fix all the problems.When the food delivery man hands you a bill for the food no one can eat yet,you tell him you can't read it.His handwriting is like chicken scratch.If someone is a really messy writer,you can compare their handwriting to the markings that chickens make on the ground with their feet--we call that chicken scratch.


你像只被砍头的小鸡一样到处乱跑,试图解决所有的问题。当送饭的人递给你一张没有人能吃的食物账单时,你告诉他你看不懂。他的笔迹像鸡爪。如果有人是一个非常邋遢的作家,你可以把他们的笔迹和鸡脚在地上留下的记号做比较——我们称之为鸡抓。


Finally,you calm down.


最后,你冷静下来。


You ask a friend to buy more ice for you.You ask another friend to order some pizzas.And then you ask your Uncle Fred to sing with the rock band.He's older than they are,but he still sings really well.


你请朋友多给你买些冰。你叫另一个朋友来点披萨。然后你让你叔叔弗雷德和摇滚乐队一起唱歌。他比他们大,但他唱得还是很好。


"Well,I'm no spring chicken,"he says,"but I'll do my best!"


“好吧,我不是春鸡,”他说,“但我会尽力的!”


If someone is old,we can say they are no spring chicken.This expression is informal and could be insulting.So,use it with care.Most importantly,we always use this expression in the negative.You would not call someone who is young"a spring chicken."


如果有人老了,我们可以说他们不是春鸡。这种表达是非正式的,可能是侮辱性的。所以,小心使用。最重要的是,我们总是用否定的表达。你不会把年轻的人叫做“春鸡”


This leads us to another chicken idiom.This one is not an insult,but it does describe a bad situation.


这就引出了另一个鸡的成语。这不是侮辱,但它确实描述了一个糟糕的情况。


What happens when your chickens come home to roost?


当你的鸡回家栖息时会发生什么?


First,what is to roost?To roost means to settle down for rest or sleep.We usually use it when talking about birds.Chickens usually return to their homes to rest.When we say your chickens have come home to roost,we are saying that your past wrongdoings have returned to negatively affect you.In this expression,the chickens represent the things you did wrong in your past.


首先,什么是栖息?栖息意味着安顿下来休息或睡觉。我们通常在谈论鸟的时候用它。鸡通常回家休息。当我们说你的鸡已经回家栖息,我们是说,你过去的错误行为已经回到负面影响你。在这个表达中,鸡代表了你过去做错的事情。


For this idiom,let's use your best friend Christopher.One of his"chickens"is that he's been secretly dating Liza.In fact,this"chicken"comes to the party.And so does his girlfriend--the girlfriend he thought was out of town.She sees Christopher and Liza dancing closely together and demands to know what is going on!


对于这个成语,让我们用你最好的朋友克里斯托弗。他的“小鸡”之一是他一直在秘密地和莉莎约会。事实上,这只“小鸡”是来参加聚会的。他的女朋友也一样——他以为是出城的女朋友。她看到克里斯托弗和莉莎在一起跳舞,要求知道发生了什么事!


His girlfriend yells at him.Then Liza yells at him.Then they both yell at him.It's awful.You could say to Christopher,"Well,I warned you.And now your chickens have come home to roost!"


他的女朋友对他大喊大叫。然后莉莎对他大喊大叫。然后他们都对他大喊大叫。太可怕了。你可以对克里斯托弗说,“我警告过你。现在你的鸡都回家歇脚了!”


But you don't say this.He's your friend.And nobody likes to hear,"I told you so."


但你不会这么说。他是你的朋友。没人喜欢听“我早就告诉过你了。”


Like we said earlier,we usually use"chicken"in a negative way--well,except with this last example.You may have heard people ask:Which came first,the chicken or the egg?


就像我们之前说的,我们通常用否定的方式来使用“鸡肉”——好吧,除了最后一个例子。你可能听过有人问:先来的是鸡还是蛋?


We ask this question when talking about a cause-and-effect relationship between two things where we don't know which happened first.What is the cause and what is the effect?


当我们谈论两件事之间的因果关系时,我们会问这个问题,我们不知道是哪件事先发生的。原因是什么,影响是什么?


We often shorten it to simply chicken-and-egg.You can call something a chicken-and-egg situation or a chicken-and-egg problem.


我们经常把它缩短为简单的鸡和蛋。你可以称之为鸡和蛋的情况或鸡和蛋的问题。


Here is how to use it.Let's say you don't like math.You don't do very well in the subject at school.You could say,it's a chicken-and-egg kind of thing.You don't know which came first.Do you dislike math because you're not good at it?Or are not good at math because you don't like it?


以下是如何使用它。假设你不喜欢数学。你在学校的功课不太好。你可以说,这是鸡和蛋的事。你不知道谁先来。你不喜欢数学是因为你不擅长数学吗?或者因为你不喜欢数学而不擅长数学?


链接:

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