首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 科技报道 > 【科技报道】印度宣布2020年登月的新计划 India Announces New Plans for Moon Landing in 2020

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【科技报道】印度宣布2020年登月的新计划 India Announces New Plans for Moon Landing in 2020

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-10 16:39:02

India has announced plans to land an unpiloted space vehicle on the moon in 2020. The plans mark a continuation of India's drive to expand its space program.


印度宣布了计划在2020年将一架无人驾驶的航天器降落在月球上的计划。这些计划标志着印度继续扩大其太空计划的努力。


The head of India's Space Research Organization, K. Sivan, made the announcement on January 1.


印度空间研究组织负责人K. Sivan于1月1日宣布了这一消息。


The planned mission, called Chandrayaan-3, aims to land an exploration vehicle on the moon's surface. Chandrayaan is the Sanskrit word for "moon vehicle." Sivan recently told reporters that mission planning had progressed "smoothly" so far.


计划中的任务称为Chandrayaan-3,其目的是在月球表面着陆一枚探测车。 Chandrayaan是梵语中的“月球车”。西万(Sivan)最近告诉记者,到目前为止,任务计划已经“顺利”进行。


"We are targeting the launch for this year, but it may spill over to next year," Sivan said. Indian sources told the French news agency AFP that officials had set November as a target launch date.


西万说:“我们的目标是今年推出,但可能会延续到明年。”印度消息人士告诉法国新闻社法新社,官员们已将11月定为目标发射日期。


India is seeking to become only the fourth nation to land on the moon's surface -- after Russia, the United States and China. Israel made an unsuccessful attempt to land a spacecraft on the moon last April.


印度正寻求成为仅次于俄罗斯,美国和中国的第四个登上月球表面的国家。去年四月,以色列未成功将飞船降落在月球上。

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India has worked to establish itself as a low-cost satellite launcher. It is seeking to become a world space power. However, the country's space program suffered a failed moon-landing attempt last September. That mission, Chandrayaan-2, ended with the lander spacecraft crashing on the moon's surface.


印度一直在努力建立自己的低成本卫星发射器。它正在寻求成为世界太空大国。但是,去年9月,该国的太空计划遭到了一次失败的登月尝试。这次飞行任务Chandrayaan-2以登陆器飞船坠落在月球表面而告终。


Chandrayaan-2 had aimed to land on the south pole of the moon, where no other lunar mission had gone before. The area is believed to contain water because it is largely unaffected by the high temperatures of the sun.


Chandrayaan-2的目标是降落在月球南极,之前没有进行过其他登月任务。人们认为该地区盛有水,因为它基本上不受太阳高温的影响。


Chandrayaan-3's explorer vehicle hopes to confirm the presence of water in the form of lunar ice, which it first discovered during a mission in 2008.


Chandrayaan-3的探险家车希望确认月球冰形式的水的存在,这是它在2008年执行任务时首次发现的。


Sivan said the new unpiloted mission is expected to cost about $35 million, with additional launch costs.


西万表示,新的无人驾驶飞行任务预计将耗资约3500万美元,其中包括额外的发射费用。


Sivan also announced that India had chosen four candidate astronauts to take part in the country's first planned piloted mission into orbit. That mission is set for late 2021 at the earliest. The four candidates are expected to start training in Russia later this month. Up to three astronauts are to take part in the flight.


西万还宣布,印度已经选择了四名候选宇航员参加该国首次计划的进入太空的试飞任务。该任务最早定于2021年下半年。预计这四名候选人将在本月晚些时候开始在俄罗斯接受培训。最多三名宇航员将参加飞行。


The piloted mission is one of India's main planned projects to mark the 75th anniversary of India's independence from British rule.


这项无人驾驶飞行任务是印度旨在纪念印度脱离英国统治75周年的主要计划项目之一。


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

mission – n. a task or job that someone is given to do

spill over – v. to have an effect on something else


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