首页 | VOA常速英语 | 娱乐艺术 - 【娱乐艺术】不同的文化音乐是否相似? Is Music Similar Across Cultures?
【娱乐艺术】不同的文化音乐是否相似? Is Music Simi 本站原创 更新时间: 2019-12-01         

Love songs, dance tunes, bed time songs for children – all of these kinds of music share patterns across cultures, a new study finds. Researchers who set up the study say this suggests a commonality in the way human minds create music.

The findings were reported inScience magazine.

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一项新的研究发现,儿童的爱情歌曲,舞蹈曲调,上床睡觉的歌曲–所有这些音乐在各种文化中都有着共同的模式。进行这项研究的研究人员说,这暗示了人类大脑创作音乐的共性。

研究结果发表在《科学》杂志上。


Samuel Mehr was the lead author of a report on the study. He is a research associate in psychology at Harvard University in Massachusetts.

Mehr noted that the study supports "the idea that there is some sort of set of governing rules for how human minds produce music worldwide."


塞缪尔·梅尔(Samuel Mehr)是该研究报告的主要作者。他是马萨诸塞州哈佛大学心理学的研究助理。

梅尔指出,这项研究支持“关于人类思想如何在世界范围内产生音乐存在某种统治规则的想法”。

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He and other researchers studied musical recordings and ethnographic records from 60 societies around the world. They looked at a mix of very different cultures, such as the Highland Scots in Scotland, Nyangatom nomads in Ethiopia, and Aranda hunter-gatherers in Australia.

The researchers found that music had a link with behaviors such as dancing and loving, among others.


他和其他研究人员研究了来自全球60个社会的音乐唱片和人种志记录。他们考察了非常不同的文化,例如苏格兰的高地苏格兰人,埃塞俄比亚的Nyangatom游牧民族和澳大利亚的Aranda狩猎采集者。

研究人员发现,音乐与诸如跳舞和爱恋等行为有联系。


Manvir Singh is a graduatestudent in Harvard's department of human evolutionary biology and a co-author of the study. Singh noted that childrens' lullabies were likely to be slow and fluid while dance songs tended to be fast and lively.


Another co-author of the study was Luke Glowacki, an anthropology professor at the Pennsylvania State University. He noted that the social purpose of the music influences how it sounds.


Manvir Singh是哈佛大学人类进化生物学系的研究生,也是该研究的合著者。辛格指出,儿童的摇篮曲可能缓慢而流畅,而舞蹈歌曲则倾向于快速活跃。

这项研究的另一位合著者是宾夕法尼亚州立大学的人类学教授卢克·格洛奇奇(Luke Glowacki)。他指出,音乐的社会目的会影响声音的发声。

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He said: "Dance songs sound a certain way around the world because they have a specific function. Lullabies around the world sound a certain way because they have a specific function ... If music were entirely shaped by culture and not human psychology you wouldn't expect these deep similarities to emerge in extremely diverse cultures."


他说:“舞蹈歌曲在世界范围内以某种特定的方式发音,因为它们具有特定的功能。世界各地的摇篮曲由于它们具有特定的功能而以某种方式听起来...如果音乐完全是由文化而非人类心理来塑造的,那么您就不会不能期望在极为多样化的文化中会出现这些深刻的相似之处。”


Glowacki noted how amazing the musical patterns across cultures were.

He said: "The fact that a lullaby, healing song or dance song from the British Isles or anywhere else in the world has many musical features in common with the same kind of song from hunter-gatherers in Australia or horticulturalists in Africa is remarkable."


Glowacki指出了跨文化音乐模式的惊人程度。

他说:“来自不列颠群岛或世界其他任何地方的催眠曲,康复歌曲或舞蹈歌曲具有许多音乐特征,而澳大利亚的狩猎采集者或非洲的园艺学家则演唱了相同的歌曲,这一事实令人瞩目。 ”


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

pattern– n.the regular and repeated way in which something happens or is done

author– n.a writer of a book or report

ethnographic– adj.from the noun ethnography, the study of human races and cultures

graduatestudent – n.a person who has successfully completed a bachelor's degree and is continuing their studies

lullaby– n.a song used to help a child fall asleep

function- n.the special purpose or activity for which a thing exists or is used

amazing– adj. of or involving great surprise or wonder

feature– n.a quality or property of something

horticulturalist-- n.people or scientists who grow fruits, vegetables, and flowers


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