From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.
A new report from the United States surgeon general finds that smoking tobacco is even deadlier than had been known. The report says smoking causes birth defects - a leading cause of death among babies. It also links smoking to cancer of the liver and colon, diabetes and other diseases.
来自美国公共卫生署长（surgeon general ）的一份新的报告发现，吸烟比我们已知的更为致命。该报告称，吸烟会导致先天性缺陷，这是婴儿死亡的首要原因。它还将吸烟与肝癌、结肠癌、糖尿病等疾病联系起来。
The first U.S. surgeon general's report on tobacco and health was released in 1964. It was the first scientific report to link smoking with lung cancer and heart disease. Now, 50 years later, Acting Surgeon General Boris Lushniak has released a new report. His report provides more evidence about smoking tobacco and how it can harm health.
第一份美国公共卫生署长关于烟草和健康的报告发布于1964年。它是第一份将吸烟与肺癌和心脏病联系起来的科学报告。现在50年过去了，公共卫生代理署长鲍里斯?鲁希尼亚克( Boris Lushniak）发布了一份最新的报告。他的报告提供了关于吸烟及其影响健康的更多证据。
"If we're going to work together to achieve a society free of tobacco-related disease, this must be understood," said Lushniak.
The new report urges increased use of tobacco-control measures. The suggested controls include raising prices of cigarettes, and expanding bans on smoking in enclosed spaces.
The 2014 report calls for research on whether lowing the amount of nicotine in cigarettes could help people stop smoking. It also contains new findings.
"Today we know that smoking is a cause of diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and poor response to treatment of arthritis, erectile dysfunction, and increased risk of tuberculosis, disease and death. We're adding colon, rectal and liver cancer to the long list of cancers caused by smoking," said Lushniak.
Doctor Lushniak also said smoking suppresses the body's natural defenses for fighting disease. He said this increases a smoker's likelihood of getting an infectious disease.
"One of the most disturbing findings is that the disease risks from smoking by women have risen sharply over the last fifty years. Women are now as likely to die from smoking as men, women smokers' risk of lung cancer is now the same as men, and more women die from chronic lung disease than men," said Lushniak.
The new report finds that those who do not smoke are at a higher risk for stroke if left unprotected from tobacco smoke. The latest research also shows damage to unborn children. Babies are more likely to be born with cleft palate if the mother smokes. The chemicals in tobacco smoke can have lasting effects on brain development in a fetus.
The surgeon general would like to see more action to keep young people from developing a smoking habit. He supports higher prices on cigarettes, more anti-smoking media campaigns and more help for people who want to quit smoking.