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【托福写作】托福综合写作有什么技巧

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-09 15:06:57

托福综合写作对托福考试入门不久的考生来说确实比较难,因为考生要先进行阅读和听力,然后才能根据要求写作,但是大家不着急,今天小编为大家整理了托福综合写作的技巧,希望能够帮助大家取得理想的成绩。


技巧一:summarize,也就是概括阅读和听力文章的主要内容和各三个分论点。这其实就是Introduction要写的内容,掌握了概括,第一段就不成问题咯!


技巧二:Paraphrase,也就是改写。掌握好了改写句子,你写起文章来将会感觉到如鱼得水,游刃有余。


改写其实主要有下面的两种方法:


第一,使用不同的词汇


a.使用同义词,比如以下的一些写作高频词汇的同义词,你一定要掌握,出现的尤为频繁。


important→essential, crucial, vital, significant,


think→claim, believe, consider, deem, figure out


nowadays→currently, at present, now, recently, in recent years,these days


b.改变词性,这是一种稍微难一些的方法,要求你的语法基础非常好,你才能灵活自如的运用。


n. → v.


Eg:When we look at a comparison between Aand B…


When we compare A and B…


Adj. → n.


There are a variety of solutions to the problem.


There are various solutions to the problem.


c. 使用不同的承接词。承接词在文章当中的使用相当频繁,不仅是段落和段落的连接,还包括句子和句子的连接。背住一些常用的承接词比你的改写将会有极大的作用。


because of → due to, owing to, because, as, since, for


but → however, nevertheless, nonetheless, whereas


so→ therefore, hence, thus, consequently

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d.形容词的逆向表达。在某些形容词上进行修改,会达到非比寻常的效果。


Eg: not as easyas…→more difficult than…


Not uncommon→common


Thecheapest → the least expensive


第二,使用不同的句型


a. 改变词序。这是非常简单的一种方法,完全不用动脑筋就可以进行改写。常常将句子中的状语(包括状语从句)换位置。


Eg: For manyyears, people have believed ….


→People believed… for many years.


After this programs has been solved, work on … can continue.


b. 主动语态和被动语态的互相替换Eg: Trained scientists performed this research.


→This research was performed by trained scientists.


c. 使用“there be” 句型,可以将一个简单句,马上变成一个加入定语从句或者分词的复杂句。Eg: Severalcomputer programs can be used to solve this problem.


→There areseveral computer programs that can be used to solve this problem.或There areseveral computer programs used to solve this problem.


d.定语从句,分词和插入语的互相替换


Eg: Study…, conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that…


→Study…, which was conducted by sociologists in 2004,shows that…


Eg: This…, which is one of the m


most powerful … in theworld, has…


→This…, one of the most powerful… in the world, has…


技巧三:Cite,即引用。综合写作乃客观写作,只是一个旁观者的角度对这两篇文章的内容进行描述,因此,某观点是出自哪篇文章一定要说清楚。所以,下面的这些句型在综合写作中必不可缺。


a.According to+noun.


Eg: According to thepassage/lecture/author/professor,…


b.Subject+verbs of reporting+that clause


Eg: The authortells/reports/suggests/explains/says/argues/states/indicates/claims/pointsout/thinks/believes that…


或The speakeragrees/disagrees/rejects/disputes/challenges/takes a different view….


c. As is indicated/displayed/illustrated in thepassage/lecture,...


技巧四:Synthesize,也就是连接。具体来讲,就是承接词的使用是相当重要的,将文章当中的重要信息连接起来,体现作者对于两篇文章的理解正确,说明作者的思路清楚。由于综合写作是对两篇文章的比较,所以下面表对比和递进的承接词使用的最频繁。


a.Transitional words showing contrast: however, on the other hand,in contrast, on the contrary


b.Transitional words showingaddition: moreover, furthermore, in addition, besides, as well


大家看完这篇文章之后是不是觉得综合写作没有那么复杂了,大家不要对综合写作太过头疼,只要大家能够掌握以上四个技巧并在考试中灵活应用的话,相信大家一定能够在考试中突破难关的。


链接:

托福综合写作怎么写好

托福满分优秀作文是怎样的