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专家鉴定泰米尔人被杀录像可信

来源:慢速英语   时间:2011-06-01 10:46:21
Forensic experts say video footage that documents the extrajudicial executions of Tamil civilians, allegedly by members of the Sri Lankan Army, is authentic.

 

专家说,记录违反法律程序处死泰米尔族平民的一段录像是真实可信的。据指称,这一罪行是斯里兰卡政府军的成员犯下的。

What the video shows

This five-minute soul-searing video graphically shows Sri Lankan soldiers shooting people at close range. Fourteen corpses of naked men and women are lying on the ground with their hands tied behind their backs. In one scene, a group of laughing soldiers is standing around a dead, naked woman.

 

这段5分钟长的发人深省的录像显示出,斯里兰卡士兵近距离向人们开枪。14具赤裸男女的尸体躺在地上,他们的手被绑在背后。有一个场面显示,一群欢笑的士兵就站在一个死去的裸体女人的周围。

The video, which was broadcast by a British Television Channel last year, was filmed on cell phones during the last phase of Sri Lanka’s decades-long civil war that ended in 2009. Thousands of people allegedly were killed during this final battle between the government and Tamil Tiger rebels.

 

英国一个电视频道去年播放过这段录像。这是在斯里兰卡几十年内战的最后阶段用手机拍摄下来的。斯里兰卡的内战于2009年结束。在政府军与泰米尔叛军猛虎组织最后一场战斗中,据指称有数以千计的人被打死。

Authorities claim it's fake

Sri Lankan authorities reject the video as a fake and accuse the United Nations of bias and meddling in its state affairs.

 

斯里兰卡当局拒绝承认这段录像的真实性,称这是伪造出来的,并且指责联合国偏袒一方以及干涉其内政。

To lay these charges to rest, U.N. Special Investigator on Extrajudicial Killings Christof Heynes hired four independent forensic experts to examine the authenticity of the video.

 

为了解决这些指控提出的问题,联合国法外杀戮问题特别调查员克里斯托弗.海恩斯雇用了4位独立专家,检查这段录像的真实性。

He says the experts looked to see if there was any tampering of the video and whether the people who were filmed were actors.

 

海恩斯说,这些专家查看了这段录像是否受到篡改以及被拍摄的人是不是演员。

“The claim that I make is that the video is authentic," said Heynes. "The claim that I make is that these are real people being killed. I do not make, as I have said, the claim that particular individuals are guilty of a crime. I am not in a position to do that and where things are at the moment is then to make the claim there is a prime facie case, a case that should be taken seriously and it should go to the next level of investigation-both on the domestic and on the international level then.”

 

他说:“我认为,这段录像是真实的...这些人真的是被杀害的。正如我说过的那样,我不愿意声称哪些人是有罪的。我不能这么做。但是我可以说,当时一定发生了什么事件。这件案子应当严肃对待,我们应当从国内到国际对它进行调查。”

Analysis process

Forensic video analyst Jeff Spivack says there are limitations to any analysis. But he says there is a long list of things analysts look at to determine when a film is real or fake.

 

录像鉴定分析员杰夫.斯皮瓦克说,任何分析都受到一定程度的限制。

These include evidence of image manipulation, image creation, staging, discontinuity, and indoor evidence of undisclosed image processing.

 

不过他说,分析人员可以从许多方面来确定一段录像的真假。这包括图像处理、图像生成、表演、图像的不连续性的证据以及偷偷对图像进行处理的室内证据。

“While absolute confirmation of authenticity is not possible, all available evidence suggests to a high probability of authenticity from a technical perspective,” Spivack said.

 

斯皮瓦克说:“尽管不可能百分之百地证实录像的真实性,但是,已有的所有证据都表明,从技术角度来看,这段录像有很大的真实性。”

U.N. Special Investigator Heynes presented his findings to the U.N. Human Rights Council and says he has provided the Sri Lankan government with the video.

 

联合国特别调查员海恩斯把他的调查结果向联合国人权理事会做了汇报,并且说,他已向斯里兰卡政府提供了这个录像。

He urges the government to undertake its own independent investigation. Heynes also is calling for an international investigation into serious crimes that may have been committed.

 

海恩斯敦促斯里兰卡政府进行独立调查。他还呼吁国际社会对那些可能已经犯下的严重罪行进行调查。