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【美语怎么说】我应该使用“制作”还是“执行”?Should I Use 'Make' or 'Do?'

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-12-14 15:46:27

"Make" and "do" are similar verbs in English. There are some words that go together with "make" and others that go together with "do." In other words, there are fixed expressions in English with both of these verbs, and you just have to learn them. But there are general rules you can follow:


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“ Make”和“ do”是英语中类似的动词。 有些单词与“ make”一起使用,有些则与“ do”一起使用。 换句话说,这两个动词都有固定的英语表达,您只需要学习它们即可。 但是您可以遵循一些一般规则:

  • Use "make" for when you create or produce something.

  • Use "do" for actions you must do, like jobs or work, and for general activities, especially activities you repeat often.

Let's look at some examples of each verb.

当您创建或生产东西时,请使用“ make”。

对必须执行的操作(例如工作或工作)以及一般活动(尤其是经常重复的活动)使用“做”。

让我们看一下每个动词的一些示例。


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Make

Here are examples of "make" for things we produce. These can be something you can touch, like food and drinks.

I made a cake for your birthday.

这是我们生产的产品的“制造”示例。 这些可以是您可以触摸的东西,例如食物和饮料。

我做了一个生日蛋糕。

Please make some tea before you leave.

Sometimes you cannot see or touch the thing that is created.

请在离开前冲泡茶。

有时您看不到或触摸所创建的事物。

Your dog is making too much noise.

We are making progress on our study.

She made plans to go to a movie with her sister.

你的狗发出太多的声音。

我们的研究正在进步。

她计划和姐姐一起去看电影。


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Do

Let's look at use of "do" for work or jobs. In another "Ask a Teacher" we talked about the questions, "What do you do? and "What are you doing?"Here are some other examples of using "do" to talk about work at home.

I have to do the planting every fall.

让我们看看“ do”在工作或工作中的用法。 在另一个“问老师”中,我们讨论了以下问题:“你做什么?”和“你正在做什么?”这是使用“做”来谈论家庭工作的其他一些例子。

每年秋天我都要做种。

妈妈说:“做功课之前不要看电视。”

Mom says, "No TV until you do your homework."

Another way to use "do" is with words like "something," "anything" and "nothing."

I did not do anything yesterday.

Are you doing something interesting over the holiday?

使用“做”的另一种方法是使用诸如“某物”,“任何东西”和“什么都没有”之类的词。

我昨天什么也没做。

假期你在做点有趣的事吗?

The police did nothing to stop the crimes.

Next time you are trying to decide between "make" and "do," please keep these rules in mind. The more you listen to and read English, the easier it will be to choose between these verbs.

警察没有采取任何行动制止这些罪行。

下次您尝试在“制作”和“做”之间做出选择时,请牢记这些规则。 您听和读英语的次数越多,在这些动词之间进行选择就越容易。

Do you have a question for the VOA English teachers? Please email us with your question.

您对VOA英语老师有疑问吗? 请通过电子邮件将您的问题发送给我们。

重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

cake– n. a sweet cooked food, often eaten to celebrate something.

链接:

几种通用问候语之间的区别 What Is Going on?What’s up?How Is it Going?

数字通信:表情符号和语法 Digital Communication: Emojis and Grammar