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[翻译字幕]Agriculture Report - Test Your Word Knowledge With a Quiz About Farm Terms

来源:慢速英语   时间:2011-11-16 09:52:10

农业报道 - 畜牧术语知识测试

This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

这里是美国之音慢速英语农业报道。

Today we have a vocabulary quiz. We start with two questions about terms for plants.

今天我们进行一项词汇测试。我们从两个关于植物术语的问题开始。

OK, first question: What is the name for a plant that lives only one year or one growing season? This kind of plant is called an annual. Think of an "annual report," a report published just once a year.

第一个问题,只存活一年或一个生长季的植物被称为什么?这类植物被称为annual(一年生或一季生植物)。想一下annual report(年度报告),也就是每年发布一次的报告。

You can probably guess the next question. What do we call a plant that produces new growth year after year? Plants that keep growing back are called perennials. So a perennial is the opposite of an annual. Perennials come back year after year.

你可能已经猜到下一个问题。我们称年复一年不断重生的植物为什么?不断新生的植物被称为perennials(多年生植物)。因此perennial刚好和annual相反。

Now some questions about terms for livestock.

现在是一些关于牲畜术语的问题。

What is another name for a male cow? A bull, right? Well, not always. A male cow is usually called a bull only if it still has its reproductive organs. If not, we call it a -- what? The answer: a steer.

Male cow(雄牛)的另一个名称是什么?Bull(公牛),对吗?嗯,但并非总是如此。公牛通常用来称呼那些没被阉过的雄牛。如果被阉过了的雄牛就称为steer(阉牛)。

Next question: What is another name for a young cow? A very young cow is called a calf. But a young female cow, especially one that has not had a calf yet, has a special name. Do you know what it is? The answer: a heifer. Maybe you knew that. But here is question just for our radio listeners -- can you spell it? Heifer is spelled H-E-I-F-E-R.

下一个问题,young cow(小牛)又称为什么?非常幼小的牛被称为calf(牛犊)。但雌性小牛,特别是没生过牛犊的有一个专用名称。你知道这个名称是什么吗?答案就是:heifer(小母牛)。可能你知道这个,但这里有一个专门为电台听众准备的问题,你能拼出Heifer这个词吗?
 

Two heifers at the Pennsylvania Farm Show

Cows, like all mammals, lactate. Our next question is: do you know what that means? To lactate means to produce milk. Cows lactate for up to ten months.

奶牛像所有哺乳动物一样会lactate。我们的下一个问题是,你知道lactate的意思吗?Lactate意思就是产奶。奶牛至少要10个月以后才能产奶。

In milk, fat rises to the top. But some people do not like to drink milk that way. So there is a process that reduces the size of the fat particles and mixes them all through the milk. This process has a name -- a long name. What is it? It's called homogenization.

牛奶中的脂肪会浮到最上面。但有些人不喜欢喝这种牛奶。所有有一个减小脂肪颗粒大小,并将其与牛奶充分混合的过程。这个过程就被称为homogenization(牛奶均质化)。

Still with us? OK, another question. Milk can be made into cheese. Some people like cheese made with milk from a sheep. What do you call a female sheep? The answer: a ewe, spelled E-W-E.

还在收听我们的节目?好,另一个问题。牛奶可以制成奶酪。有些人喜欢羊奶制成的奶酪。雌性羊怎么称呼呢?答案就是:ewe(母羊)。

Male sheep have their own name. A male sheep is a -- what? A ram.

雄羊也有自己的名称,雄羊被称为ram(公羊)。

Rams and ewes produce lambs. A lamb is a sheep less than a year old. But what do you call the meat from a sheep over a year old? Then we call it mutton.

公羊和母羊能产lamb(小羊羔)。lamb是指一岁以下的羊。一岁以上的羊的羊肉被称为什么?我们称其为mutton(羊肉)。

Age also plays a part in terms for horses. For example, a mare is generally a female three years or older. But what do you call a female horse under three? The answer: a filly. And for extra credit: do you know the name for a male horse under four? A colt.

年龄在马类术语中也发挥着作用。例如,mare一般是指三岁以上的母马。那三岁以下的母马怎么称呼呢?答案就是:filly。友情提示:你知道4岁以下公马的名称吗?答案就是colt。

If you want to take this quiz again, you can find it at voanews.cn. And that’s the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.

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