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[翻译字幕]IN THE NEWS - In US Race, All Eyes on South Carolina

来源:慢速英语   时间:2012-01-15 08:50:51

时事新闻 - 美国初选聚焦南卡罗来纳州

This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.

这里是美国之音慢速英语时事新闻节目。

The race for the Republican presidential nomination moved this week to the southeastern United States. Florida, the state with the fourth largest population, will hold its Republican primary election on January thirty-first. But first comes the South Carolina primary next Saturday.

共和党总统候选人提名之争本周移师美国东南部。拥有美国第四大人口的佛罗里达州将于1月31日举行共和党初选。但南卡罗来纳州将于下周六率先迎来初选。

The results could show whether anyone has a serious chance to keep Mitt Romney from becoming the Republican candidate for president. Mr. Romney is the first Republican in more than thirty years to win both the Iowa caucuses and the New Hampshire primary in a competitive race.

这一选举结果可能会显示出是否有人会有机会阻止米特·罗姆尼(Mitt Romney)成为共和党总统候选人。罗姆尼是三十多年来在激烈的竞争中首位同时赢得艾奥瓦州预选和新罕布什尔州初选的候选人。

On Tuesday, he won nearly forty percent of the vote in New Hampshire. He owns a house there and was the governor of a neighboring state, Massachusetts. In his victory speech, he called on South Carolina voters to help make him the candidate to defeat President Obama.

周四,他在新罕布什尔州赢得了近四成的选票。他在该州拥有一处住宅,并曾是邻近州马萨诸塞州的州长。在他的获胜演讲中,他呼吁南卡罗来纳州选民帮助他成为战胜奥巴马的候选人。

MITT ROMNEY: "And tonight, we're asking the good people of South Carolina to join the citizens of New Hampshire and make two thousand twelve the year he runs out of time."

罗姆尼:“今晚,我们请求南卡罗来纳州善良的人们加入新罕布什尔州市民的行列,让2012年成为他(指奥巴马)下台之时。”

Mr. Romney has the support of South Carolina's governor, Nikki Haley. She is a favorite among supporters of the conservative Tea Party movement.

罗姆尼拥有南卡罗来纳州州长尼基·海利(Nicki Haley)的支持。她是保守派茶党运动支持者的宠儿。
 

Mitt Romney greets supporters at his primary night rally in Manchester, New Hampshire

Texas Congressman Ron Paul finished second in New Hampshire. That state's official motto is "Live free or die." He won support with his strong belief in individual freedoms and a pullback of American troops from around the world.

在新罕布什尔州初选中,德克萨斯州众议院罗恩·保罗(Ron Paul)位居第二。新罕布什尔州的官方座右铭是“不自由毋宁死”。保罗以他对个人自由和美国军队从全球撤回的坚定信念赢得了支持。

RON PAUL: "We've had enough of sending our kids and our money around the world, to be the policeman of the world. It's time to bring them home."

保罗:“我们受够了向世界各地派遣我们军队和散发钱财,受够了当世界警察。是时候让他们回家了(指撤军)。”

Jon Huntsman, a former Utah governor and ambassador to China, finished third.

前犹他州州长和驻中国大使洪博培(Jon Huntsman)名列第三。

JON HUNTSMAN: "I'd say third place is a ticket to ride, ladies and gentleman!"

洪博培:“女士们,先生们!我得说,第三名这个位置是参加竞选的前提。”

Former House speaker Newt Gingrich and former Pennsylvania senator Rick Santorum each got just under ten percent of the vote. Mr. Santorum calls himself the "true conservative." He finished eight votes behind Mr. Romney last week in Iowa.

前众议院议长纽特·金里奇(Newt Gingrich)和前宾夕法尼亚州参议员里克·桑托勒姆(Rick Santorum)各获得10%以下的选票。桑托勒姆自称是真正的保守派。上周艾奥瓦州预选中他比罗姆尼只落后8票。

Texas Governor Rick Perry gave little attention to New Hampshire, but has been spending a lot of time in South Carolina. Other candidates were also visiting that state even before the primary in New Hampshire.

德克萨斯州州长里克·佩里(Rick Perry)对新罕布什尔州关注不多,但在南卡罗来纳州已经投入了大量精力。其他候选人也都甚至在新罕布什尔州初选前就造访南卡罗来纳州。

Chris Gladieri is a political scientist at St. Anselm College in New Hampshire. He explains why South Carolina is so important.

克里斯·格拉迪瑞(Chris Gladieri)是新罕布什尔州圣安瑟伦学院一名政治学家。他解释了南卡罗来纳州为何如此重要。

CHRIS GALDIERI: "To the extent that folks like Rick Santorum and Jon Huntsman were focusing all their attention on really early states like Iowa and New Hampshire, that was time and money and effort that they weren't putting into South Carolina. So, everyone else who is not Romney is going to be playing catch-up."

格拉迪瑞:“从桑托勒姆和洪博培这些人全力投入到爱荷华州和新罕布什尔州这些前期的州这个意义上来说,他们没有把时间、金钱和精力投入到南卡罗来纳州。所以到了南卡罗来纳州,每个罗姆尼以外的人都将奋起直追。”

Primary elections will continue across the country. The general election is in November.

初选将在美国各地继续进行。大选(或称换届选举)将于11月举行。

At around the same time, the top leaders of China are all expected to retire following a Communist Party Congress. Political considerations could test the complex relationship between China and the United States in twenty-twelve.

大约在同一时间,中国最高领导人都有望于中国共产党全国代表大会之后退休。2012年,政治考量可能会考验中美两国之间的复杂关系。

China now has the world's second largest economy. Its trade policies and military spending have been issues of concern for the United States.

中国现在是全球第二大经济体。其贸易政策和军费开支已经成为美国关注的问题。

One test of the relationship could come from Taiwan’s presidential election on Saturday. China considers the island its territory and has threatened to use force if Taiwan declares independence. China held military exercises around the island before elections in nineteen ninety-six. To help defend Taiwan, President Bill Clinton sent two aircraft carriers to the area.

This time, the Chinese government has avoided public comments. Alexander Huang is a professor of strategy at Taiwan's Tamkang University. He thinks the United States and China are seeking to avoid tensions.

ALEXANDER HUANG: "Both China and the United States would like to see the continuity of stability and peace across the Taiwan Strait, because both China and the United States will have a very busy political agenda this year."

黄介正:“中国和美国都希望看到海峡两岸和平稳定发展。因为中国和美国今年都将进行一项非常繁忙的政治议程(指换届选举)。”

And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. Listen Monday for more about the Republican presidential race on THIS IS AMERICA. I'm Steve Ember.
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Contributing: Stephanie Ho, William Ide and Carolyn Presutti