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为什么中秋节要吃月饼英文解释

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-05-25 16:18:59

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  为什么中秋节要吃月饼英文解释


  相传,中秋吃月饼最早可以上溯到周代,源自我们民族祭月拜月的一种仪式,可以说是自然拜物教的一种表现。月饼最初是用来祭奉月神的祭品,后来人们逐渐把中秋赏月与品尝月饼,作为家人团圆的象征,慢慢月饼也就成了节日的礼品。


  月饼,在我国有着悠久的历史。据史料记载,早在殷、周时期,江、浙一带就有一种纪念太师闻仲的边薄心厚的“太师饼”,此乃我国月饼的“始祖”。汉代张骞出使西域时,引进芝麻、胡桃,为月饼的制作增添了辅料,这时便出现了以胡桃仁为馅的圆形饼,名曰“胡饼”。


  唐代,民间已有从事生产的饼师,京城长安也开始出现糕饼铺。据说,有一年中秋之夜,唐玄宗和杨贵妃赏月吃胡饼时,唐玄宗嫌“胡饼”名字不好听,杨贵妃仰望皎洁的明月,脱口而出“月饼”,从此“月饼”的名称便在民间逐渐流传开。


  北宋皇家中秋节喜欢吃一种“宫饼”,民间俗称为“小饼”、“月团”。苏东坡有诗云:“小饼如嚼月,中有酥和怡。”


  对于中秋节为什么吃月饼的说法,民间故事的说法则更加多彩多样,有神话传说,也有历史故事。


  为什么中秋节要吃月饼英文解释


  According to legend,the Mid-Autumn festival to eat moon cakes can be traced back to the zhou dynasty,from our national worship on a ceremony,can be said to be a manifestation of natural fetism.Mooncakes were originally used to offer sacrifices to the god of the moon.Later,people began to appreciate the moon and taste mooncakes on the Mid-Autumn festival.As a symbol of family reunion,mooncakes gradually became festival gifts.


  Mooncakes have a long history in our country.According to historical records,as early as in the Yin and zhou dynasties,there was a kind of thin border and thick heart in the area of jiangsu and zhejiang in memory of the great teacher wen zhong"tai shi cake",which is the"ancestor"of Chinese moon cakes.During the han dynasty,when zhang qian was on a diplomatic mission to the western regions,he introduced sesame seeds and walnuts,which added supplementary materials to the mooncake production.At this time,a round cake with walnut kernel as the filling appeared,known as"hu cake".


  In the tang dynasty,the folk already engaged in the production of cake,the capital chang'an also began to appear cake shop.It is said that on the night of the Mid-Autumn festival,when tang xuanzong and Yang guifei were enjoying the moon and eating hu cakes,tang xuanzong was displeased with the name"hu cakes".Yang guifei looked up at the bright moon and blurted out"moon cakes".From then on,the name of"moon cakes"gradually spread among the people.


  The royal Mid-Autumn festival in the northern song dynasty liked to eat a kind of"palace cake",commonly known as"small cake","moon ball".Su dongpo has a poem:"small cake such as chew on the month,there are crisp and happy."


  As to why mooncakes are eaten during the Mid-Autumn festival,folk tales are more colorful,ranging from myths to historical stories.


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