首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 时事新闻 > [翻译字幕]IN THE NEWS - Burma’s Elections a Test for Reforms


[翻译字幕]IN THE NEWS - Burma’s Elections a Test for Reforms

来源:慢速英语   时间:2012-03-31 09:12:38

新闻报道 - 缅甸议会选举将成为改革验金石

This is IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English.


Burma is holding elections on Sunday. Voters will fill forty-five seats in elections for the national legislature or parliament.


This will be the first vote in the country since the end of almost fifty years of military rule. Yet the armed forces still have strong influence over the government. One-fourth of the seats are for military appointees.


Burma’s legislature has four hundred forty seats in the lower house and a two hundred twenty-four seat Senate.


Two years ago, the Union Solidarity and Development Party won seventy-six percent of the vote in the most recent elections. Since then, the government has eased restrictions on the media and freed hundreds of political prisoners.


It also released the country’s most famous opposition leader, Aung San Suu Kyi, from house arrest. These developments have led to positive reactions from western countries, including the United States. Late last year, Hillary Clinton became the first American Secretary of State to visit Burma in fifty years.

它还释放了该国最著名的反对派领导人,遭到软禁的昂山素季(Aung San Suu Kyi)。这些事态发展赢得了包括美国在内的西方国家的积极反应。去年年底,希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)成为50年来第一位访问缅甸的美国国务卿。

Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi, left, gives her speech beside a candidate for the National League for Democracy party in Yangon.

Aung Zaw is with the online newspaper, “The Irrawaddy.” He recently visited Burma after living in exile for twenty years. He says many Burmese are guarded about the reforms.

昂梭(Aung Zaw)就职于于网上报纸《伊洛瓦底》。在经历了20多年的流亡生活后,他最近访问了缅甸。他说,许多缅甸人对改革都保持谨慎。

AUNG ZAW: “I find and discover a lot of very skeptical voices. And people remain very, very, very, very, very skeptical about this reform process in our country. A lot of people inside the country who speak Burmese, who read Burmese, who can communicate in our own language, don’t wear their rose-colored glasses.”


Burmese exiles have long been critical of Burma’s government.


The opposition National League for Democracy did not take part in elections two years ago. The party won parliamentary elections in nineteen ninety, but Burma’s rulers never recognized the results.


This year, party leader Aung San Suu Kyi is a candidate, and is expected to win a seat in the legislature. On Friday, the Nobel Peace Prize winner met with reporters and diplomats at her home in Rangoon. She said her party’s candidates faced threats and violence in the election campaign. And, she said the vote on Sunday cannot be called free and fair.


AUNG SAN SUU KYI: “I don’t think we can consider it a genuinely free and fair election if we take into consideration what has been going on for the last couple of months. But still, as we wish to work towards national reconciliation, we will try to tolerate what has happened. And we hope that the courage and resolution of the people will overcome the intimidations and other irregularities that have been taking place.”


Some observers say the recent changes in Burma will have a big effect. Reporter Thiha Saw says the vote will be an important test for the country.

一些观察家表示,缅甸最近发生的变化将会发挥很大效应。记者Thiha Saw表示,这次选举将成为该国的一次重大考验。

THIHA SAW: “I watch it very closely because this will be something like a marker or a test about the sincerity of the regime. Are they going to make it really free and fair? If it is going to be free and fair, the people in the western communities will start lifting the sanctions. So this is important for Burma as well as for the international community, too.”

THIHA SAW:“我严密关注这次选举,因为这将成为政府诚意的一个标记或测试。他们是否会给予这次选举真正的自由和公正?如果它是自由公正的,西方国家将开始解除制裁。所以这对缅度来说非常重要,对国际社会来说也是如此。”

Other observers are less hopeful for a fair vote, but say it will still be important. Burma’s government has invited observers from Asia, Australia, Canada, the European Union and the United States to witness the voting. Reporters from around the world are in Burma to report on the elections.


And that's IN THE NEWS in VOA Special English. I'm Steve Ember.