Now, the VOA Special English program WORDS AND THEIR STORIES.
Many cities have interesting nicknames. Nicknames can help establish the identity of a city. They can also spread pride among its citizens.
New Orleans, Louisiana probably has more nicknames than any other American city. One web site lists more than twenty nicknames. The most famous is The Big Easy. It describes the gentle, slow and easy-going way of life in New Orleans.
路易斯安那州的新奥尔良市可能比其它任何美国城市拥有更多别名。有家网站列出了该市20多个别名，其中最有名的是大快活（The Big Easy）。这个别名描述了新奥尔良温和、缓慢及悠闲的生活方式。
So how did the city get this nickname? In the early nineteen hundreds, there was a dance hall in New Orleans called The Big Easy. But the nickname did not become famous until the early nineteen seventies. That was when a Louisiana newspaper writer began calling New Orleans by this name. She compared the easy-going way of life there to the hurried pace of life in New York City.
那么此别名是因何而得呢？20世纪早期，新奥尔良有家歌舞厅名为The Big Easy。但直到20世纪70年代这个别名才开始流传开来，当时路易斯安那州一位新闻撰稿人开始用这个名字称呼新奥尔良市。她将这里悠闲的生活方式与纽约的匆忙人生做了一个对比。
In nineteen seventy, James Conaway wrote a crime novel called “The Big Easy.” The story was set in New Orleans. In nineteen eighty-seven, that book was made into a film which made the nickname even more popular.
20世纪70年代，詹姆斯·科纳韦（James Conaway）写了一本名为“The Big Easy”的犯罪小说，故事发生地被设定在新奥尔良。1987年，这本书被拍成电影，使得这个别名更受欢迎。
New Orleans has other nicknames. One of them is The Crescent City. During the nineteenth century, new neighborhoods expanded out from what is now known as the French Quarter. These areas followed the great curve of the Mississippi River, giving New Orleans the shape of a crescent.
新奥尔良还有其它一些别名。其中之一就是新月城（The Crescent City）。在上个世纪期间，新的社区沿着密西西比河的大曲线从现在的法国街（French Quarter）开始延伸，给了新奥尔良一个新月型的轮廓。
|Members of the Krewe du Vieux paraded through the streets of the French Quarter celebrating the Mardi Gras season in New Orleans|
Another nickname is the Birthplace of Jazz because that kind of music started in New Orleans. It is also called Mardi Gras City for the wild celebrations and parades that take place there every year. And, there is a nickname that uses the short way to write New Orleans and Louisiana. It you do not want to use the complete name, you can call the city NOLA.
另一个别名是爵士乐诞生地（Birthplace of Jazz），因为这种类型的音乐起源于新奥尔良。由于每年举行的狂野庆祝和游戏，它也被称为狂欢之都（Mardi Gras City）。此外，还有一个别名使用了新奥尔良和路易斯安那州的简写，如果你不想用全名，你可以称其为诺拉（NOLA）。
One of America’s most exciting cities is Las Vegas, Nevada. There you can play games of chance all night long. The city’s night clubs are also open all night for eating, drinking and dancing. So it is not surprising that Las Vegas is called The Gambling Capital of the World and The Entertainment Capital of the World.
Another nickname for Las Vegas is Sin City because you can find many kinds of adult entertainment there. Many people who come to Las Vegas in hopes of winning lots of money do not know when to stop gambling. They may lose a great deal of their hard-earned money. So the city is also called something that sounds like Las Vegas – Lost Wages.
拉斯维加斯的另一个别名是罪恶之城，你可以在这里找到各种形式的成人娱乐。希望在拉斯维加斯大赢一把的许多人都不知道该什么时候收手，他们可能会输掉大把自己辛苦挣来的钱。因此该市也被称为Las vegas的谐音：Lost Wages。
In nineteen sixty-four, Elvis Presley starred in a movie called "Viva Las Vegas." Here he sings the title song from that movie.
This program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Barbara Klein.