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[翻译字幕]Education Report - Rescuing Masai Girls From Early Marriage

来源:慢速英语   时间:2012-07-20 09:12:14

教育报道 - 营救马萨伊被早婚女孩

This is the VOA Special English Education Report.

这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道。

Priscilla Nangurai of Kajiado, Kenya, retired as a teacher in two thousand five. Today, at the age of sixty-two, she could be living a quiet life in retirement. Instead, she leads an organization at her home called GRACE -- the Girls' Rights, Attention, Care and Rescue Center. She tries to rescue Masai girls from early marriage and make sure they get an education.

肯尼亚卡吉亚多(Kajiado,地名)的普瑞希拉(Priscilla Nangurai)于2005年作为教师退休。今天,60岁的她本可以过着平静的退休生活。然而,她在自己家乡领导了一个名为《女童权利、关注、关怀和救援中心》(the Girls' Rights, Attention, Care and Rescue Center,以下简称GRACE)的组织。她试图将马萨伊女孩从早婚中营救出来,并确保她们获得教育。

She has rescued more than seven hundred girls since nineteen eighty-six. She now has fifteen girls at her center, and she is building a dormitory to house up to eighty girls.

从1986年起,她已经营救了七百多个女孩。她的救援中心目前有15个女孩,她正在建造一栋最多容纳80个女孩的宿舍。

In the traditional culture of the Masai people, fathers often promise their young daughters in marriage to older men. Most girls are between the ages of twelve and fourteen, with some even younger. Their bodies are not ready for sex and childbirth. But that is not the only problem. Most of them must also leave school.

在马萨伊人的传统文化中,父亲往往将自己年幼的女儿许配给老年男子。这些女孩大多在12到14岁,有些女孩甚至更小。她们的身体尚未做好性交与分娩的准备。但这并非唯一的问题,她们中的大多数还必须离开学校。

Priscilla Nangurai's older sister was forced into marriage at a young age, but demanded that Priscilla receive an education. She says the problem begins when a girl gets "booked" when she is very young, or not even born yet.

普瑞希拉的姐姐在年轻时被迫结婚,但她要求普瑞希拉接受教育。她说,这个问题从女孩非常年幼或尚未出生时就被“预定(定亲)”开始。

PRISCILLA NANGURAI: "Booking is when a parent or a man wants to marry from a certain family. So he can go to the family, and if there are little girls there, he will book. If one of the wives is expectant, he will say, 'I want something from this womb.' And he's allowed to do that."

普瑞希拉:“定亲是家长或男性想要与一个特定家庭结亲,他就可以去到这家,如果这家有小女孩,他就会预定。如果这家其中一名妻子怀孕了,他会说,‘我想要和这个未出生的孩子结婚。’他也可以这么做。” 
 

Masai girls, now in school instead of being married young, at Priscilla Nangurai's rescue center in Kajiado, Kenya

A fourteen-year-old girl named Roseline has been at the rescue center since two thousand eight. At the age of four she was booked to a man who she thinks was about sixty to seventy years old.

一个名叫罗斯琳(Roseline) 的14岁女孩从2008年起就一直在这个救援中心。在四岁时她被一名男子定亲,当时她认为那名男子大概是六七十岁。

ROSELINE: "Yes, I was booked. But when I knew the person that they booked me, I just talked to Ms. Nangurai. I told her the whole story."

罗斯琳:“是的,我被定亲了。但当我认识预定我的那个人,我就和普瑞希拉女士交谈。我告诉了她全部事情。”

Masai culture calls for the man who wants to marry a girl to start paying the girl's father once the booking has been made. Traditionally the payment is made with cows, but today money can also be exchanged.

马萨伊文化要求希望娶一名女子的男性在一定亲时就开始补偿女孩父亲。根据传统补偿一般是奶牛,但如今现金也可以交易。

When the marriage will soon take place, the girl must undergo a custom that some call female circumcision. Others denounce this practice followed in Masai and other cultures as female genital mutilation.

当即将结婚时,女孩必须接受女性割礼这一传统。他人都谴责马萨伊和其它文化遵循的女性割除性器官的这种做法。

A thirteen-year-old girl also named Priscilla was brought to the center at the age of five. Her mother wanted her to be educated. The girl says she is thankful especially for health reasons that she did not have her sex organs cut. She worries that she could have gotten AIDS from unclean tools.

一个同样名为普瑞希拉的13岁女孩在5岁时被带到这个救援中心。她母亲希望她能接受教育。这个女孩说,她特别感激,特别是由于健康原因,她没有割除性器官。她担心会因为割礼使用的不干净工具感染艾滋病。

PRISCILLA: "They don't circumcise one person with one razor blade. Maybe when we are two girls, they can use this one to the first girl and then they use it again to another one. So that's why I don't want that."

小普瑞希拉:“行割礼时并非一人用一个刀片。可能两个女孩行割礼时都使用同一个刀片。所以这是我不想行割礼的原因。”

And that's the VOA Special English Education Report. Our website now has a weekly Words in the News Quiz. Test your vocabulary at www.voanews.cn. I'm Jim Tedder.
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Contributing: Jill Craig and Jerilyn Watson

慢速翻译由51voa提供