经济报道 - 美国前财长谈及中美贸易关系
This is the VOA Special English Economics Report.
The world’s two biggest economies and their trade ties are important to global economic progress. China accounts for nearly half of the world’s economic growth. Last year, trade between the United States and China was worth more than five hundred billion dollars.
The two nations share many interests. But they also differ on many, including trade issues.
American and Chinese policy experts have worked to study and improve relations between the trading partners. Recently, former Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson spoke in Washington about his report on a possible new direction in US-China relations. Former National Security Advisor Steve Hadley joined the discussion. Both men served in the administration of President George W. Bush. The slowdown in China’s economy was the first issue they discussed. Members of the Chinese news media also attended.
美国和中国政策专家已经在研究和提高中美这两个贸易伙伴之间的关系上做出了努力。近期，前财政部长亨利·保尔森（Henry Paulson）在华盛顿就其关于《中美关系可能的新方向》的报告发表了讲话。前国家安全顾问史蒂夫·哈德利（Steve Hadley）也加入了讨论。这两人都曾就任于前布什政府，中国经济放缓是他们讨论的首个议题。中国新闻媒体成员也有出席。
Chinese officials reported last week that the economy grew at a rate of seven and six tenths percent from April to June. That is China’s slowest growth rate in more than three years.
|In this file photo, hundreds of shipping containers in Shanghai filled with products wait to be exported to the United States and other countries.|
The Chinese economy needs a high growth rate in order to provide jobs for its huge work force. The People’s Bank of China cut its main interest rate twice in July to support lending and economic growth. Mister Paulson said he thinks government measures to control lending will work over the short term.
HENRY PAULSON: “And so I would be quite surprised if they don’t grow somewhere between seven and a half or eight percent this year.”
But there are important economic issues waiting in the future. Much of China’s economic activity depends on investment by state-owned and foreign companies.
Mister Hadley said China’s economy, its Gross Domestic Product, or GDP, depends on investment too much.
STEVE HADLEY: “Almost forty-seven point eight percent of the GDP is investment. Consumption is only thirty-three percent. And one of the things Hank calls for in this paper is they need to move from investment-based economic growth to consumption-based economic growth.”
注：汉克是指保尔森，他全名是小亨利·“汉克”·梅里特·保尔森（Henry "Hank" Merritt Paulson, Jr.)。
Consumer or personal spending accounts for about two thirds of the economy in the United States.
And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report. Join us next week for part two of our report on economic ties between the United States and China. For transcripts, MP3s and now PDFs of our programs for e-readers, go to www.voanews.cn. And follow us on Facebook, Twitter and iTunes at VOA Learning English. You can also find our captioned videos at the VOA Learning English channel on YouTube. I’m Mario Ritter.