首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 农业报道 > [翻译字幕]Agriculture Report - Thanksgiving, but US Turkey Farmers Aren't Celebrating


[翻译字幕]Agriculture Report - Thanksgiving, but US Turkey Farmers Aren't Celebrating

来源:慢速英语   时间:2012-11-22 08:14:02

农业报道 - 感恩节来临 火鸡大餐登场

From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report in Special English.


Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday that Americans celebrate on the fourth Thursday in November. This autumn festival is traditionally celebrated with family and friends over a big meal that takes hours to prepare.


The meal usually includes turkey served along with dishes like cranberries, sweet potatoes, green beans and pumpkin pie. The turkey is usually seasoned and roasted in an oven, but some people fry the bird in oil or cook it on a grill or in a smoker.


The National Turkey Federation estimates that Americans ate forty-six million birds for last year's holiday. The government expects turkey production to increase two percent this year. About two-thirds of the turkeys raised in the United States came from six states: Minnesota, North Carolina, Arkansas, Missouri, Virginia and Indiana.


A flock of 30-pound tom turkeys mill around in the barn at Raymond's Turkey Farm in Methuen, Massachussetts

Turkey is eaten all year, and Americans have been eating more of it over the years, though chicken, beef and pork are still more popular. Federation president Joel Brandenberger says twenty-twelve will not be as profitable for turkey farmers as the last two years were. Feed costs are up while turkey prices are about the same.

美国人全年都吃火鸡,虽然鸡肉、牛肉和猪肉仍然更受欢迎,但多年来美国吃火鸡越吃越多。美国火鸡联合会主席乔尔·布兰登贝格尔(Joel Brandenberger)表示,2012年火鸡养殖户的盈利能力可能不如过去两年。火鸡价格上涨的同时饲料成本也在涨。

"Corn is our number one feed ingredient, and the drought has obviously increased the price of corn dramatically and, frankly, the fact that an ever-increasing amount of the corn crop is being diverted to ethanol production also has increased the cost of corn. So that's created some difficulty for the industry this year."


The Pilgrims' feast in sixteen twenty-one is often considered the nation's first Thanksgiving. The Pilgrims were early settlers of Plymouth Colony in what is now Massachusetts. They held a three-day feast to celebrate a good harvest. However, other European settlers in North America also held ceremonies of thanks. These included British colonists in Virginia in sixteen nineteen.


In eighteen sixty-three, during the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday of November as a national day of thanksgiving. In nineteen thirty-nine, as the Great Depression was ending, President Franklin Roosevelt established the holiday on the fourth Thursday. He did not want to shorten the Christmas holiday shopping season in years when November has a fifth Thursday.

1863年美国内战期间,亚伯拉罕·林肯(Abraham Lincoln)总统宣布11月的最后一个星期四为全国性的感恩节。1939年随着大萧条的结束,富兰克林·罗斯福(Franklin Roosevelt)总统将该节日确定到第四个星期四。他不希望那些11月有第五个星期四的年份圣诞假期购物季有所缩短。

The season traditionally begins with a busy shopping day on the Friday after Thanksgiving, although some stores are now opening on the holiday itself.


One of America's founders, Ben Franklin, thought the turkey would better represent the country as its official bird than the bald eagle. But Joel Brandenberger disagrees.

美国开国元勋之一的本杰明·富兰克林(Ben Franklin)认为火鸡比秃鹰(白头海雕)更能作为国鸟代表美国。但布兰登贝格尔对此不赞同。

"I think we're better off having the bald eagle on our coins and the Thanksgiving turkey on our dinner table."