经济报道 - 亚洲腐败问题拖累经济增长
From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report in Special English. Many Thais joined protests in Bangkok last year. They urged Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra to deal with growing corruption in Thailand. A 79-year old businessman noted the rising cost of doing business, including giving bribes to Thai officials.
How much economic activity is lost to corruption can be difficult to estimate. The University of the Thai Chamber of Commerce studied the issue. The university found that over two percent of national production, or about 11 billion dollars, will likely be lost to corruption this year. It found that many business people who were questioned said they are paying more to Thai officials and politicians to win government contracts. Political economist Pasuk Pongpaichit says there is evidence officials are making progress in controlling lower level corruption. But, she says, the slowing world economy means growing competition for profitable deals with the government.
许多泰国人参加了去年在曼谷的抗议活动。他们督促总理英拉·西那瓦（Yingluck Shinawatra）解决泰国日益严重的腐败问题。一位79岁的商人指出，经营成本的上升包括对泰国官员行贿。有多少经济活动流失到腐败中难以估量。泰国商会大学对这个问题进行了研究。该大学发现，今年国内生产总值的2%，相当于大约110亿美元可能会流失到腐败中。许多接受调查的商人表示，他们付给官员和政治家更多好处以赢得政府合同。政治经济学家帕苏克·蓬沛齐特（Pasuk Pongpaichit）表示，有证据表明，有关方面在控制下层官员腐败上取得了进展。但她表示，全球经济放缓意味着对政府盈利丰厚的交易的竞争会更加激烈。
“The globalization, [the] international pressure for Thailand to become more transparent, is being felt and various government departments are responding to it. It doesn’t mean that things are going to happen very quickly.”
Bandid Nijathaworn is a former central bank official and president of the Thai Institute of Directors. He says corruption in Thailand appears to be more of a problem now than 10 years ago.
“Corruption is a global problem. You know, you see corruption appearing as headlines in many, many countries. So it has become a global issue both in national organization and individual country’s governments trying to tackle it.”
|This money is a decoration. But business people in Thailand say they must pay bribes to do business.|
The American-based Center for International Policy says more than 2.7 trillion dollars in illegal funds left China between 2001 and 2010. The money escaped as a result of criminal financial deals, corruption, tax evasion or other illegal activities. For Thailand, the amount was 64 billion dollars over the same period.
Shervin Majlessi is with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. He says given Asia’s growing influence in the world economy there is a need for more supervision.
In 2003, the United Nations passed a Convention against Corruption. In South East Asia, Burma approved the agreement last December – the last to do so of the 10 member Association of South East Asian Nations. Observers say the fight against corruption needs to go beyond law enforcement, and include non-government and private industry groups.