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[翻译字幕]Agriculture Report - Opium poppy growing has increased in Afghanistan

来源:慢速英语   时间:2013-04-24 08:55:41

农业报道 - 阿富汗鸦片种植连年增加

From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.


Afghan farmers have another big harvest this year, but officials at the United Nations and around the world are not celebrating.


The crop is opium, farmers have been busy harvest their opium poppies. Farmer Faiz Mohammed in Helmand province makes no apologies.

这一收成就是鸦片,阿富汗农民正忙着收获他们的罂粟。赫尔曼德省的农民法伊兹·穆罕默德(Faiz Mohammed)对此毫无歉意。

"We are the poorest people in this area. If we don't cultivate poppies we can't feed ourselves and our family. We have tried to cultivate corn and wheat, but that is too cheap, doesn't bring a good income. And poppy crops bring good money."


The riches promised by opuim stands in contrast, to the rest of the country's struggling economy. Farmer Harie Abudola says profits are driving the opium production, not pressure from the Taliban.

鸦片能够带来的巨大财富和该国其它方面步履维艰的经济形成了鲜明的对比。农民Harie Abudola表示是利润驱动了鸦片生产,而不是塔利班的压力。

"The Taliban have no influence here. The farmers themselves grow poppies because, compared to the price of wheat, there is a huge difference. For instance, we sell four kilograms of corn for 100 Afghanis [$1.89 USD] but poppies bring 2000-5000 Afghanis [$37.80-$94.57 USD]. This is for the benefit of the farmers, we see there is a huge difference in the price."


A report by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime warns that Afghanistan could supply as much as 90% of the world's heroin, UN official Jean-Luc Lemahieu calls it a sign of failure.

联合国毒品和犯罪问题办公室发布的一份报告警告称,阿富汗可以提供全球高达90%的海洛因。联合国官员让吕克·利玛修(Jean-Luc Lemahieu)称这是一个失败的信号。

"We have seen enormous inflow in this country over the last decades. And with regards to the drug control situation, we still see increases of the opium cultivation, so we cannot say in any way, based on the facts, that we have succeeded. We have failed."


And he warns that farmers are not the only ones becoming dependent on opium.


"It is one of the biggest diseases this country is facing at this moment - one million addicts. It is an enormous health problem. Who will pay for that?"


That question is far from that thoughts of opium farmers, who say they have no other way to feed their families.


The report released last week says opium production is especially high in the most unstable areas of Afghanistan. These are areas where the surge increase in American troops, helped beat back Taliban influence.


The report says insurgents use the insecurity in those areas, especially Helmand and Kandahar provinces. To win popular support, the insurgents also assisted opium farmers with their crops.


The UN says poor weather and crop disease lead to a reduction in the supply of opium last year. That reduction meant higher price. The report notes that the higher price of opium, makes it an even more attractive crop to grow now.


The UN says this is the third year in a row that opium poppy growing has increased in Afghanistan. This follows gains made by the government, in years of efforts to reduce the nation's share of the drug trade.


And that's the Agricultural Report from VOA Learning English. You can read, listen and learn English with more stories about agriculture at the voalearningenglish website. I am Karen Leggett.