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[翻译字幕]In the News - US Senate Votes to Open Debate on Immigration Bill

来源:慢速英语   时间:2013-06-15 11:27:31

新闻报道 - 美国参议院经过投票开始对移民法案进行讨论

From VOA Learning English, this is In the News.

这里是美国之音慢速英语新闻报道。

Earlier this week, the United States Senate voted to begin debate on a historic immigration bill. The proposed law would offer a chance for more than 11 million undocumented immigrants, those not in the country legally, to become American citizens. It would also increase the number of foreign temporary technology workers at a time when American technology workers face high unemployment.

本周早些时候,美国参议院经过投票开始讨论一项历史性的移民法案。这一拟议的法案将为超过1100万非法滞留的无证移民提供一个成为美国公民机会,还将在美国技术工人正面临高失业率的时刻提高外来临时技术工人的数量。

On Tuesday, President Barack Obama said this is “the best chance in years” to achieve “common sense reform.” He called on Congress to approve the bill.

美国总统奥巴马周二表示,这是多年以来实现共识性改革的最好机会。他呼吁国会批准该法案。

“If you genuinely believe we need to fix our broken immigration system, there's no good reason to stand in the way of this bill.”

他说,“如果你确实认为我们应当修复我们支离破碎的移民体制,那就没有理由阻挡这个法案的通过。”

The vote to permit debate passed easily, 82-15. It clears the way for discussions that political observers say could extend through the rest of the month. The legislation establishes a 13-year citizenship process for immigrants who arrived in the United States illegally.

允许该法案进入讨论程序的投票以82比15轻松通过,为讨论肃清了道路。政治观察家表示,在本月剩下的时间里,讨论可能会进一步扩大。这一立法为非法进入美国的移民提供了一条十三年成为公民的渠道。

Public opinion studies released Thursday suggest wide support for the main reforms. People in 29 states were asked questions about immigration. A majority supported reforms that included stronger border security, a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants and laws to block employers from hiring people living in the United States illegally.

周四公布的民意调查显示民众对改革的主要部分广泛支持。29个州的民众参与了关于移民的调查,大多数支持改革,包括加强边境安全,为无证移民提供成为公民的渠道,以及出台法律禁止雇主雇佣非法拘留人员。
 

A total of 543 organizations that support immigration reform delivered a letter to President Barack Obama in which they ask "a halt to deportations now." (Photo: Mitzi Macias)

The studies did not ask about a disputed part of the bill that would increase the number of temporary foreign technology workers.

这次民意调查并未对该法案包括提高外国临时技术工人数量这些争议部分进行调查。

Labor rights groups and business groups disagree about that issue. Some businesses threatened to withdraw their support for immigration reform if the resulting bill did not drop a requirement that employers seek American workers before hiring foreigners.

劳工权益组织和商业团体不同意这一问题。一些企业威胁,如果最终法案不放弃要求雇主在聘用外国人之前必须先寻找美国工人的要求,他们就撤回对移民改革的支持。

Foreign scientists, engineers and computer programmers can live and work in the United States under special permits called H-1B visas. Many young scientists and engineers in India, China and other developing countries compete for the work permits. Large technology companies like Intel, Adobe and Microsoft had asked for an increased number of workers with H-1B visas.

外国科学家、工程师和电脑程序员可以通过被称为H-1B签证的特别许可在美国工作和生活。许多印度、中国和其它发展中国家的年轻科学家和工程师竞争这一工作许可。

A group representing American engineers had asked Congress to limit the number of foreign engineers as part of the bill. Instead, the new bill increases the number of H-1B visas.

代表美国工程师的一个组织曾要求国会把限制外国工程师数量作为法案的一部分。与此相反,新法案增加了H-1B签证的数量。

Labor rights groups strongly support citizenship for undocumented low wage workers but dispute whether more temporary technology workers are needed in the United States. They say foreign workers force down wages.

劳工权利组织强烈支持为低收入的无证工人提供公民身份。但争辩美国是否需要更多临时技术工人。他们说,外国工人压低了工资。

In Washington, the New America Alliance held a discussion and news conference after the Senate vote. The alliance is made up of Latino American business people.

在华盛顿,美国新联盟在参议院表决后举行了一次讨论和新闻发布会。该联盟由美籍拉丁美裔企业家组成。

The event included an emotional statement by a young undocumented immigrant woman. Julieta Garibay works on legislation for an organization led by young immigrants called United We Dream.

这次发布会包括了一名年轻无证移民女性的煽情陈述。Julieta Garibay在一家由被称为“美国梦”的年轻移民领导的组织从事立法工作。

“We deserve justice and dignity in this great country, because at the end of the day, to us this is not a bill of a thousand plus pages. This is our lives.”

她说,“我们理应在这个伟大的国家得到正义和尊严,因为到最后,该法案对我们来说不是一千多页纸,而是我们的生活。”

And that’s In the News from VOA Learning English. I’m Alex Villareal.