From VOA Learning English, this is In The News.
People around the world are remembering Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s first black president. He died Thursday at the age of 95.
全世界人民悼念南非首位黑人总统纳尔逊•曼德拉。他在周四去世，享年 95 岁。
South African President Jacob Zuma said the nation “has lost its greatest son, and our people have lost a father.”
Mandela had been in poor health for several years. He was repeatedly treated in hospitals, most recently for a lung infection. He became infected with tuberculosis many years ago while in prison.
曼德拉 7 年来身体状况一直不佳。他多次在医院接受治疗，最近一次是因为肺部感染。他在多年前坐牢期间感染肺结核。
Nelson Mandela was the main leader in efforts to end white minority rule in South Africa. He spent 27 years in prison for his part in fighting apartheid -- the nation’s policy of discrimination against blacks.
纳尔逊•曼德拉是与南非白人统治作斗争的重要领导人。他因自己在终结南非的歧视黑人种族隔离政策的斗争中所发挥的作用而坐牢 27 年。
Many world leaders, past and present, are remembering Nelson Mandela.
Frederick W. de Klerk was South Africa’s last apartheid leader. He freed Mandela from prison in 1990. Later, the two men won the Nobel Peace Prize. Mr. de Klerk said people will remember Mandela for the importance he placed on reconciliation -- being able to reach a settlement between conflicting sides. He said their relationship was, in his words, “often stormy,” but he said they were “always able to come together at critical moments.”
弗雷德里克•威廉•德克勒克是南非种族隔离时期的最后一位领导人。他在 1990 年将曼德拉从狱中释放。随后，这两个人赢得了诺贝尔和平奖。德克勒克说，人们将铭记曼德拉为“和解”——为冲突双方达成协议——赋予的重要意义。他说，他们的关系“经常很紧张”，但他说他们“总能在关键时刻站在一起”。
|Children in India hold a prayer ceremony at school to honor former South African President Nelson Mandela.|
South African Archbishop Desmond Tutu was active in the struggle to end apartheid. He also was a friend of Nelson Mandela. He praised Mandela for his actions and statements after he was released from prison. Archbishop Tutu said instead of “calling for his pound of flesh, he proclaimed the message of forgiveness and reconciliation.”
In the United States, President Barack Obama called Mandela an influential, brave and profoundly good human being. Mr. Obama said Mandela will be remembered for leaving a free South Africa at peace.
“I am one of the countless millions who drew inspiration from Nelson Mandela’s life. My very first political action -- the first thing I ever did that involved an issue, or a policy, or politics -- was a protest against apartheid. I would study his words and his writings. The day he was released from prison gave me a sense of what human beings can do when they’re guided by their hopes and not by their fears.”
President Obama said flags at the White House and other government buildings will be lowered through Monday in honor of Nelson Mandela. Few foreign leaders are honored by the United States in this way.
Former presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush also praised Mandela as a champion of freedom, human dignity and equality. Another former president -- George H.W. Bush -- called Mandela “a man of tremendous moral courage” who changed the direction of history in his country.
In London, British Prime Minister David Cameron called Mandela a true global hero. In his words, a great light has gone out in the world.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu called Mandela, “one of the most honorable figures of our time.” Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas called him “a symbol of freedom from colonialism and occupation.” He called Mr. Mandela’s death “a great loss.”
And that’s In The News, from VOA Learning English. I’m Christopher Cruise.