Now, Words and Their Stories, a VOA Special English program about American expressions. I’m Rich Kleinfeldt with some financial words and expressions used in business and the stock market.
Our first expression is “in the red.” It is another way of saying that a business is losing money. In the past, numbers in the financial records of a company were written in red ink to show a loss.
我们的第一个词语是“in the read（赤字） 。它是表达企业正在亏钱的另一方”式。在过去，公司的财务记录中，用红色墨水书写的数字，表明亏损。
A business magazine recently published a report about a television company. The report said the company was still in the red, but was able to cut its loss from the year before.
A profit by a business is written in black numbers. So a company that is “in the black” is making money. An international news service reported that a private health insurer in Australia announced it was “back in the black with its first profit in three years.”
企业利润用黑色数字书字。因此，公司为“in the black（黑字）”表示正在赚钱。一家国际新闻服务机构报道称，澳大利亚的一家私人健康保险公司宣布“3 年来首次盈利让它重回黑字。”
Another financial expression is “run on the bank.” That is what happens when many people try to withdraw all their money from a bank. A “run on the bank” usually happens when people believe there is danger a bank may fail or close.
另一个金融词语是“run on the bank（银行挤兑）。那是当很多人试图从银行提取”他们全部存款时发生的事情。当人们认为银行存在倒闭或关闭的危险时，“run on the bank”通常会发生。
Newspaper reports about a banking crisis in Russia used that expression. They said the government acted because of fears that the crisis would cause a run on the banks. “When a run on the banks was starting, there was not much they could do,” said a banking expert.
“Day trading” is a new expression about a system that lets investors trade directly on an electronic market system. The system is known as NASDAQ, short for The National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation. It was the first completely computerized stock market. It sells stocks of companies not listed on any stock exchange. Many high technology companies are listed on it.
|Many businesses will be "in the red" if they do not make a profit during the Christmas shopping season.|
Day trading companies provide a desk and a computer system to an investor who wants to trade. Individuals must provide fifty thousand dollars or more to the trading company to pay for the stocks they buy. Thousands of other investors do day trading from computers in their homes.
当日交易公司给想要交易的投资者提供一张桌子和一台计算机。个人必须向交易公司交纳 5 万美元（或更多）用于支付他们买入股票的费用。数千名其他投资者通过他们家里的计算机来进行当日交易。
A day trader watches stock prices carefully. When he sees a stock rise in price, he uses the computer to buy shares of the stock. If the stock continues to rise in price in the next few minutes, the day trader sells the shares quickly to make a small profit. Then he looks for another stock to buy. If a stock goes down instead of up, he sells it and accepts the loss.
The idea is to make a small profit many times during the day. Day traders may buy and sell stocks hundreds of times each day.
Many day traders lose all their money in a week or so. Only about thirty percent succeed in earning enough from their efforts to continue day trading.
很多当日交易者在一周左右亏掉他们所有的钱。仅仅大约 30% 的人通过努力成功地赚到足够的钱以继续当日交易。
This VOA Special English program, Words and Their Stories, was written by Frank Beardsley. This is Rich Kleinfeldt.