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[翻译字幕]Words and Their Stories - Have Your Heard of the Golden Rule?

来源:慢速英语   时间:2014-02-23 09:10:26

Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.

Throughout history, gold has been a sign of purity, beauty and power. Calling something "golden" means it has great quality and value.

纵观历史,黄金一直是纯洁、美丽和权力的象征。称某件东西有如金玉是指它拥有高贵的品质和巨大的价值。

For example, the “golden rule” is possibly the world’s most widespread moral rule. It says people should treat others the way they themselves would like to be treated. Every major religion has its own version of this idea.

例如,黄金法则(为人准则)可能是全世界最普遍的道德准则。黄金法则指出,如果你想别人怎样对你,那你也应该这样待人。每个主流宗教都用各自的方式阐述这一理念。

The “golden ratio” is found in art, architecture and nature. It describes a rectangle with a length about one and one-half times its width. Objects using this ratio in their design seem to please the eye more than others.

黄金比例可见于艺术、建筑和大自然中。它形容长宽比例为 1 比 1.5 的矩形。跟其它比例相比,使用这个比例设计的东西看上去更加令人赏心悦目。

Philosophers have their own golden idea. The “golden mean” says moderation in all things is the best way to live one’s life. It is an idea linked to the Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle. Similar thoughts exist in Buddhism and Confucianism.

哲学家们有他们自己的黄金思想。中庸之道指出,对各种事情采取克制的态度,是生活处事的最佳方式。古希腊哲学家亚里士多德阐述过这一理念。佛教和儒教也有同样的思想。

Ancient Greek myths told of a time long ago when people lived in peace and happiness. Poets called it “The Golden Age.” A golden age now describes a historical period of great artistic, scientific or economic progress. It can even recall a time of success and popularity for an industry. For example, the 1930s and 40s were called “The Golden Age of Radio.”

古希腊神话讲述过,在很久以前,人们过着和平与幸福的生活。诗人们称之为黄金时代。现在,黄金时代用来形容艺术、科学或经济取得巨大发展的历史时期。黄金时代甚至可以让人回忆起某个行业的成功和流行时代。例如,二十世纪三四十年代被称之为无线电黄金时代。

You may have heard the proverb “silence is golden.” This means silence is of great value -- it is sometimes better to say nothing than to speak.

你可能听过沉默是金这个谚语。这个谚语说明沉默也有着巨大的价值。有时候,沉默比说话更好。

You might say your child was “good as gold” when he behaved well at school. British writer Charles Dickens used this expression in 1843. He was describing the child Tiny Tim in the book “A Christmas Carol.”

如果你的孩子在学校表现优秀,你可以说,你的孩子伶俐乖巧。英国作家查尔斯•狄更斯于 1843 年用到过这个词语。他在《圣诞颂歌》一书中,用这个词描写一个叫做 Tiny Tim 的孩子。

In 1937, American playwright Clifford Odets wrote a play called “The Golden Boy.” This expression describes a young man who has many good qualities and a bright future.

1937 年,美国剧作家 Clifford Odets 写了一部叫做《黄金男孩》的戏。这个词语用来形容一个拥有许多优秀品质,且前途一片光明的青年男子。

You might tell someone “you are golden” when that person does something very well.

如果有人做事做得非常出色,你可以告诉他说“你真是块宝”。

“Gold-digger” is another description. But this does not say something nice about a person. A “gold-digger” is someone who seeks to marry a rich person because he or she is only interested in that person’s money.

另外一种描述是淘金者。但这可不是说别人的好话。淘金者是企图和有钱人结婚的人,因为他或她只对那个人的钱有兴趣。

Maybe you like old songs from the 1950s or 60s that are still well known and popular today. These are called “golden oldies.”

也许你喜欢二十世纪五六十年代出的一些老歌,这些老歌至今仍然很有名气很受欢迎。这些歌叫做怀旧金曲。

In the 1980s and 90s, an American television comedy series told about four older women living in Miami, Florida. “The Golden Girls” often dealt with social issues in a funny way.

在二十世纪八九十年代,有部美国电视喜剧讲述了生活在佛罗里达迈阿密的四个老女人。《黄金女孩》常常用一种搞笑的方式处理各种社会问题。

Today, most older people look forward to reaching their “golden years.” This is when hard-working people can retire to a life of ease and fulfillment.

今天,大多数年纪大了的人都盼望步入黄金之年(晚年)。这是辛辛苦苦工作的人可以退休,享受轻松、满足的生活的年龄。

This program was written by Mario Ritter.

I’m Faith Lapidus.

You can find more Words and Their Stories at our Web site, www.voanews.cn.

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