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[翻译]新闻传真 - 联合国敦促非洲国家保护性权利

来源:慢速英语   时间:2014-03-03 10:25:46

From VOA Learning English, this is As It Is.

Welcome back. I’m Caty Weaver.

On the show today we go to a conference in Cameroon. Delegates are seeking an end to sexual abuse and the establishment of reproductive rights for all Africans.

Then we hear from survivors of acid attacks in Pakistan. The attacks continue although there are laws in place to prevent them.

African countries have been called upon to accept "sexual rights" as a basic right for all African people.  These countries are also being asked to remove all barriers that prevent women, girls and boys from having sexual rights.

Christopher Cruise has more.

Delegates at Conference Call for Sexual Rights for All Africans

About 550 people from 55 countries took part last week in the sixth Africa Conference on Sexual Health in Cameroon.  Young people sang at the conference to draw attention to the problem of sexual violence.  And they are asking their African leaders for help.

Among those singing is 18-year-old student Mbassi Antoinette. She attends University of Yaounde 1. She says her professor violated her sexual rights.

She says it started with the professor promising to help her.  After that he started asking for sex.  He told her that if she refused to have sex with him, he would fail her on her exams.

Sexual violence and rape seems to be increasing in many parts of Africa.  Ahmadou Bouba is a Cameroonian professor.  He says a study he carried out shows surprising amounts of violence in Cameroon.  He adds that this violence is one of the main barriers to quality education in Africa.

Mr. Bouba says that cases of sexual mistreatment have increased in universities.  Male professors are sexually threatening more female students.  He adds that in some cases, female professors sexually threaten male students.

The U.N. Population Fund says Africa has more people under the age of 20 than any place in the world.  Fund officials estimate that the continent's population is set to double to two billion by 2050.

However, Christine Boutegwa from Ghana says this economic development is at risk.  She the legal systems in Africa do not protect the sexual and reproductive rights of these young people.

"They do not see adolescents as sexual beings.  The policies that are there are not right for boys and girls."

The conference representative from Uganda, Sarah Mokossa, says there is a culture of silence around sex and sexuality on the African continent.

"We still practice child marriage, we still practice female genital mutilation, we still view it as acceptable that young women and young men should not be educated on their sexual and reproductive health and rights even though we know that they are sexually active and that usually that sexual activity is not one of choice. It is one in which they are coerced by older men in the case of young girls."

The situation is similar in Zimbabwe where laws are weak and do not punish those who carry out sexual abuse, says Ndana Tawamba.  Ms. Tawamba represented Zimbabwe at the conference.

"The justice systems in the countries we are coming from are pretty much lacking behind in terms of what it is that they can do in terms of seeing to it that those girls that are being married at early ages get the kind of recourse that they deserve, getting the justice that they deserve after being raped particularly."

U.N. Population Fund Deputy Director Kate Gilmore spoke at the end of the conference.  She called on African leaders to end all barriers that prevent women, girls and boys from having a healthy sexual life with control over their reproductive choices.

I’m Christopher Cruise.

A vicious form of punishment continues in Pakistan although the government has enacted laws to stop it. Almost 150 acid attacks were reported to the Acid Survivors Foundation in Pakistan last year.

VOA reporter Sharon Behn spoke to two victims in Islamabad. Caty Weaver has her report.

Acid Attacks Threaten Mostly Females in Pakistan

Females represent sixty percent of the acid attack victims in Pakistan. Nusrat Bibi is among them. Ms. Bibi’s brother refused to marry a member of her husband’s family. She suffered the results of that decision. Her husband punished her by throwing acid on her.

Ms. Bibi was in a hospital for nine months and had 17 operations to rebuild her face and body.

Muhammad Hassan Mangi is the director of Pakistan’s Ministry of Law, Justice and Human Rights. He admits that more needs to be done about preventing acid attacks.

“You need to have such methods and things in practice that you can express your, even, anger in a decent manner. That has to be understood by society.”

Mohammed Farooq, a former member of the Pakistani military, is another victim. He also was punished after refusing to marry a woman chosen for him. He dealt with severe pain, damage and depression following his attack.

“At first I was devastated. There was nothing left in my life. No past, no future, no present.”

But three years later, he is able to face the world again. Mr. Farooq dreams of being an athlete. He wants to start bicycling again.

Valerie Khan leads the Acid Survivors Foundation in Islamabad. She says changing the way society judges acid attack victims is critical to their survival.

“It’s about rebuilding your mind, your self-esteem, and it’s about reclaiming your space in the community and in the public space as a man, a woman, who deserves and will obtain and achieve respect and dignity again.”

Mohammed Farooq is no longer hiding his face. He is learning the art of photography. He is getting on with his life.

“My message to those that did this is that you tried your best to kill us, but we have been saved. God willing, we will move on. Never lose hope. Be patient. This is a test of patience. God will reward us.”

And that’s As It Is for today. I’m Caty Weaver.

We want to know what you want to hear about on our show. Send an email to learningenglish@voanews.com. Or go to our website at www.voanews.cn.

Thanks for joining us.

在今天的节目里我们来到一个在喀麦隆举行的会议。参会代表正寻求为所有非洲人终结性暴力,实现生育权。

接下来,我们了解巴基斯坦硫酸袭击的受害者。尽管有相关预防法律,这些袭击仍不断上演。

人们一直呼吁非洲国家将“性权利”作为所有非洲人的基本权利,还要求这些国家扫除所有保护妇女、女孩和男孩性权利的障碍。

大会代表为所有非洲人呼吁性权利

上周,来自 55 个国家约 550 人参加了喀麦隆的非洲第六届性卫生大会。年轻人在大会上高歌,吸引人们对性暴力的关注。他们还向非洲领导人寻求帮助。

18 岁的学生 Mbassi Antoinette 也是其中一员。她在雅温得第一大学就读。她说,她的教授侵犯了她的性权利。

她说,事情始于这名教授承诺要帮助她。从那以后,他开始索求性关系。他告诉她,如果她拒绝与他发生性关系,就让她考试挂科。

在非洲的大部分地区,性暴力和强奸似乎都有所增加。Ahmadou Bouba 是一位喀麦隆籍教授。他说,他所进行的一项研究显示出的喀麦隆暴力数量令人惊讶。他补充道,这种暴力是非洲素质教育的主要障碍之一。

Bouba 说,大学中的性行为失当在增加。男性教授对女学生的性威胁更多。他补充说,在有些案例中,女性教授也会对男学生实施性威胁。

联合国人口基金会称,非洲 20 岁以下人口比世界任何地方都多。基金会官员估计,非洲人口到 2050 年将会翻至 20 亿。

然而,加纳的 Christine Boutegwa 说这种经济发展存在风险。她说,非洲司法体系无法保护这些年轻人的性权利和生育权。

“他们无视青少年的性权利。既有政策中没有针对男孩和女孩的。”

来自乌干达的大会代表 Sarah Mokossa 说,在非洲大陆围绕性和性行为有一种沉默的氛围。

“我们仍在施行娃娃亲,我们仍在施行女阴切割,我们仍然对年轻男女不应该接受性、生育卫生、生育权的教育表示认可,即便我们知道他们也存在性行为,而这种性行为通常并不是可以选择的。对女孩来说,这可能是被成年男性胁迫的。”

Ndana Tawamba 称,津巴布韦的情况类似,那里的法律很弱,对实施性虐待的人没有处罚。Tawamba 是津巴布韦的大会代表。

“在这方面,也就是让这些很小就‘被结婚’的女孩得到应得资源、尤其是在被强暴后得到应得审理等方面,我们这些国家的司法体系还非常落后。”

联合国人口基金会副主管 Kate Gilmore 在大会最后发言。她呼吁非洲领导人为妇女、女孩和男孩掌握生育选择的健康性生活扫除所有障碍。

巴基斯坦仍然存在一种恶意侵犯,尽管政府颁布了法律来制止它。去年,巴基斯坦硫酸幸存者基金会报告了将近 150 起硫酸袭击。

VOA 记者 Sharon Behn 在伊斯兰堡采访了两位受害者。

巴基斯坦硫酸袭击受害者多为女性

巴基斯坦的硫酸袭击受害者有 60%是女性。Nusrat Bibi 就是其中之一。Bibi 的弟弟拒绝娶她丈夫的一名家族成员。她则承受了这个决定的恶果。她的丈夫以向她泼硫酸为惩罚。

Bibi 住院 9 个月,进行了 17 次手术来修复她的脸部和身体。

Muhammad Hassan Mangi 是巴基斯坦法务、司法及人权部的部长。他承认还需要更多努力来避免硫酸袭击。

“你需要一种方式和事物来帮助你正当 ”地释放自己的愤怒。这需要被社会理解。

巴基斯坦军队的前成员 Mohammed Farooq 是另一名受害者。他也是在拒绝了一位为他选定的女子后遭到报复。遇袭后,他度过了严重的伤痛、伤害和压抑。

“起初我被摧毁了。我的生活一无所有。没有过去、没有未来、没有当下。”

但 3 年过后,他得以再次面对这个世界。Farooq 梦想成为一名运动员。他想要再次开始骑行。

Valerie Khan 是伊斯兰堡硫酸幸存者基金会的主管。她说,改变社会评判硫酸袭击受害者的方式对他们的生活至关重要。

这关乎重建你的意识和自尊,关乎重申你作为男人或女人在社区中和公众空间的位置,你理应并且能够重获尊敬和尊重。

Mohammed Farooq 已经不再掩藏自己的脸。他在学习摄影艺术。他的生活在继续。

“我想对做了这些事的人说,你们想尽办法要毁掉我们,但我们被拯救了。上帝的旨意,让我们继续向前,永不丧失希望,保持耐心,这是对耐心的考验。上帝会给我们回报。”