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[翻译]Health Report - The Peace Corps: Stomping Out Malaria in Africa

来源:慢速英语   时间:2014-03-12 09:57:47

From VOA Learning English, this is the Health Report.


Even though Malaria can be both prevented and treated, the disease is the third biggest killer of children in the world. Malaria is caused by bites from insects called mosquitoes. People who sleep in beds covered by special nets are less likely to be infected. When the nets are used correctly, they prevent the flying insects from biting people as they sleep.


Susan Eckhart is a Peace Corps volunteer in the Western African country of Burkina Faso. Malaria is responsible for about 9,000 deaths there every year.

苏珊·艾克哈特(Susan Eckhart)是美国和平队在西非国家布基纳法索的志愿者。每年这里有大约9000人因为疟疾去世。

"Malaria is everywhere. People live with it just as we live with a common cold. They blame everything on Malaria. They are not aware of how it is transmitted. They have become reliant on treatment better than prevention."


As soon as someone reports a high body temperature, they are given medicine to treat Malaria. Ms Eckhart says Malaria medicine is used at the first sign of sickness because it costs less than the test to identify the disease. There is a lot of misunderstanding about Malaria and a lack of good information.


"They do get a lot of information about illnesses that confuse them all, so they are not sure if they are talking about Cholera or Malaria or AIDS."


In 2011, the Peace Corps launched Stomp Out Malaria in Africa. Peace Corps volunteers are trained so they can be directly involved in education to prevent Malaria. Ms Eckhart is one of the volunteers who presents lessons in fun ways that will help the children remember.

2011年,美国和平队在非洲推出了消除疟疾项目(Stomp Out Malaria)。和平队志愿者们受过培训,这样他们就能直接参与预防疟疾的教育活动。艾克哈特女士就是志愿者之一,她介绍了以有趣方式帮助孩子记忆的经验。

"The one with most fun was a tag game where two kids play the roles of mosquitoes and if they tagged someone, that person became infected and had to sit down."


Susan Eckhart teaches students from first grade through fifth grade. Older children who had attended a leadership camp came to help with the games. The older children also translated the Malaria information into the local Dagaare language.


"One of our volunteers wrote a very good song to the tone of 'We will, We will rock you', as the hint came out is - we can stop malaria with stomping and clapping. And the kids just love it."

艾克哈特说,“我们的一个志愿者写了一首很棒的歌,它是这样唱的‘We will, We will rock you’,暗示我们可以用娱乐的方式来消除疟疾,孩子们都很喜欢它。”

Children also acted in short plays and wrote and sang songs about malaria.


"We are living in the villages with the villagers, and we can introduce these subjects, you know, in a casual conversation of a calabash of the local beer."


It is too soon to tell how much of the important information in the songs and games it shared with families. But Susan Eckhart says using Peace Corps volunteers to spread the word on preventing Malaria is a good idea. Being part of the community means sharing knowledge, she adds, especially about something as important as Malaria.


And that's the Health Report. You can find more information at www.stompoutmalaria.org. This is Learning English from the Voice of America in Washington. I'm Jim Tedder.