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[翻译]Economics Report - Asian Domestic Workers Fight Abuses

来源:慢速英语   时间:2014-05-09 12:25:47

From VOA Learning English, this is the Economics Report.


Many migrant women go to work in private homes as cleaners, cooks and caretakers. They are called domestic workers.


Recently, several incidents in Asia and the Middle East have brought attention to abuse of these workers. A court in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia sentenced a married couple to death in March for starving to death a 26-year-old Indonesian domestic worker.


Another Indonesian maid, 23-year-old Erwiana Sulistyaningsih says she was abused as a worker in a home in Hong Kong. She spent almost a month in a hospital receiving treatment for her injuries. Pictures of those injuries and reports of her 20-hour workdays caused national anger.

另一位23岁的印尼女佣Erwiana Sulistyaningsih表示,她在香港一个家庭担任佣人时受到了虐待。因为受伤,她花了近一个月时间在医院接受治疗。那些受伤的照片以及她每天工作20个小时的报道引起了全国的愤怒。

The International Labor Organization, or ILO is a United Nations agency. It suggests there are 50 million homeworkers globally. Around 5 million Indonesian women worked in other countries last year. They sent almost $10 billion back to their families. But labor rights supporters say these migrant workers can be targets of abuse.


Audrey Guichon is with Anti-Slavery International. She says the foreign labor program in the Middle East called the kafala system can leave workers open to abuse.

Audrey Guichon就职于国际反奴役组织。她说中东被称为卡法拉系统的外籍劳工计划会让劳工面临虐待。

"The kafala system is in place across all countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council, which basically ties migrants' employment and residency to one single employer." Guichon said.


In Saudi Arabia, 42 Indonesians are awaiting death sentences. Half of them are believed to be domestic workers. Darsem Tawar faced a death sentence in 2011 for killing her employer. She argued that he was raping her at the time. Officials changed her sentence only after her supporters paid the family of the dead man.

在沙特阿拉伯,42位印尼人正在等待死刑判决。据认为其中半数是外籍佣人。Darsem Tawar在2011年因为杀了雇主而面临死刑。她辩护说,雇主当时要强奸她。有关官员在她的支持者赔偿了死者家属后才改判。

In April, the Indonesian government negotiated better conditions for its workers in Saudi Arabia. The agreement signals the end of Indonesia's three-year suspension of labor exports to the kingdom. However, critics say Indonesia must do more.


The ILO approved Convention 189 on domestic labor in 2011. Support for the document on labor rights is building. But only 13 countries have approved or ratified the measure. One of them, the Philippines is the world's largest exporter of domestic labor and important supporter of Convention 189.


Archana Kotecha is a legal expert at the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Liberty Asia. She says labor export can become similar to human trafficking, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh and Burma, also known as Myanmar.

Archana Kotecha是非政府组织自由亚洲的法律专家。她说,劳务输出可能会演变成类似于贩卖人口,特别是在孟加拉国、缅甸等发展中国家。

And that is the Economics Report for VOA Learning English. I'm Mario Ritter.