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[翻译]Education Report - 'Ivory Tower' Explores Crushing Cost of US College Education

来源:慢速英语   时间:2014-07-31 11:57:12

From VOA Learning English, this is the Education Report.

这里是美国之音慢速英语教育报道。

The cost of attending university in the United States has risen quickly in the past 20 years. Many people today say they owe huge amounts of money for loans they received for higher education. The students past and present say they are drowning in debt.

过去20年美国上大学的费用飞速上涨。许多人如今表示,他们因为高等教育贷款而欠下了巨额资金。过去和如今的学生都说,他们已经负债累累。

Movie maker Andrew Rossi examines education debt in the film Ivory Tower. The documentary was released to movie theaters recently. Ivory Tower is often used in America to mean university or college. Andrew Rossi wrote, directed and produced Ivory Tower.

电影制作人安德鲁·罗西(Andrew Rossi)在电影《象牙塔中》探讨了教育债务。这部纪录片最近被投放到了电影院。在美国,象牙塔常被用作指代大学或学院。罗西编写、导演并制作了《象牙塔》这部电影。

He says college tuition, the cost of attending classes increased by about 1,100 percent between 1978 and today. Estimates place the nations combined debt for student loans at 1 trillion dollars.

他说大学费用从1978年至今上涨了1,100%。据估计,全国学生贷款总和达到了1万亿美元。

One comment made by a woman in Ivory Tower shows the deep concern that student loans can cause. But one young man in the Washington D.C. area says he does not face much worry about college costs.

《象牙塔》电影中的一位女性的评论对学生贷款会导致的问题深表忧虑。但华盛顿特区的一位青年男子表示,他不用太担心大学费用。

Brandon Attilis says his parents prepaid his tuition, he is working this summer at a restaurant in Alexandria, Virginia. Mr. Attilis also plans to reduce his expenses by sharing a house with two friends.

布兰登·阿特里斯(Brandon Attilis)表示他的父母预付了他的学费。今年夏天他在弗吉尼亚州亚历山德里亚市的一家餐厅打工。阿特里斯先生还计划通过与两位朋友合作减少自己的开支。

"My parents are paying the cost of the house, but I'm paying utilities. So, between the two, it's still less expensive than actually living in the dorms," Brandon said.

布兰登说,“我的父母付房租,但我要付水电费。相比之下这还是比住宿舍要便宜些。”

His mother Chris Attilis says she and her husband began saving money for college tuition shortly after each of their children was born.

他的母亲克里斯·阿特里斯(Chris Attilis)表示,自己和丈夫在每个孩子出生后不久就开始给他们攒大学学费。

"We took care of four years of college education for less than a year's costs in today's market," said Chris.

克里斯说,“我们担负的上四年大学的费用比现在一年的开销还少。”

Still, many families lack enough money to do that. The movie notes that there have been reductions in government aid for education. Some colleges also build beautiful but costly campuses in hopes of getting students to attend. But the building projects can also increase costs for students.

尽管如此,许多家庭没钱上大学。这部电影注意到,政府削减了教育援助。一些高校还建造了漂亮但昂贵的校园。但这些建筑项目还会增加学生的费用。

Ms. Attilis visited colleges with Brandon.

阿特里斯女士同布兰登参观了校园。

"They put on a good show. And walking through and looking at the granite sinks in the bathrooms I'm thinking, 'This is not what it was looking like when I went to school.'" Chris said.

克里斯女士说,“他们上演了一出好戏。看到浴室中的花岗岩水槽时我在想,‘这不像是在学校。’”

Ivory Tower suggests that many students choose not to get a traditional college education because of the costs. Some try online education. Brandon Attilis however says online education is not for everyone.

《象牙塔》这部电影表明,许多学生因为费用选择不接受传统大学教育。有些人尝试在线教育。然而布兰登表示,在线教育并不是人人都适合。

"You have to be a real hard worker, you have to really want it," Brandon said.

布兰登说,““你必须得非常努力,非常想学。”

He says he hopes that his own schooling will lead to a good business education and a good career. He hopes it will not include huge debt built at the so called ivory towers of education.

他说,他希望自己的教育能够通向良好的商业教育和职业生涯。他希望这不会包括在所谓的象牙塔教育中产生的巨额债务。

And that's the VOA Learning English Education Report. I'm Bob Doughty.