Now, the VOA Special English program Words and Their Stories.
Today we explain a very old saying that has had a big influence on rock and roll music. That saying is: "a rolling stone gathers no moss." It has several meanings. One meaning is that a person who never settles down in one place will not be successful. Another is that someone who is always moving, with no roots in one place, avoids responsibilities.
今天我们来解释一个对摇滚音乐有着深远影响的古老谚语，它就是a rolling stone gathers no moss（滚石不生苔）。它包含了数种含义，其中一种含义是，不安定下来的人是不会成功的，另一种含义是说某些人四处漂泊，居无定所，逃避责任。
This proverb was said to be first used in the 1500s. But in the 1960s, the expression "rolling stone" became famous in the world of rock-and-roll music. It became the name of a rock group, a song and a magazine.
Experts say it all started with a song by the American singer and guitarist Muddy Waters. He was one of the country’s top blues musicians until his death in 1983. His music influenced singers like Elvis Presley and Bob Dylan. In 1950, Muddy Waters recorded a song called “Rollin’ Stone.”
专家称，这一切始于美国歌手兼吉他手马迪·沃特斯（Muddy Waters）的一首歌。直到1983年去世前，沃特斯一直都是美国顶尖的布鲁斯(blues，又译为蓝调)音乐家之一。他的音乐影响了像艾尔维斯·普莱斯利/猫王（Elvis Presley）和鲍勃·迪伦（Bob Dylan）等一些歌手。1950年，沃特斯录了一首名为Rollin’ Stone的歌。
A British rock group is said to have taken its name from Muddy Waters’ song. The Rolling Stones performed for the first time in 1962. The group’s members called themselves “the world’s greatest rock and roll band.”
|A Sotheby's employee shows the handwritten lyrics for Bob Dylan's 'Like a Rolling Stone' song that is part part of a collection from; 'A Rock and Roll History: Presley to Punk' at Sotheby's auction house in New York, June 20, 2014.|
In 1965, Bob Dylan released his song “Like a Rolling Stone.” It is one of his best-known and most influential works.
1965年，迪伦发行了歌曲Like a Rolling Stone，这是他最知名且最有影响力的作品之一。
It is an angry song about a woman who was once rich and successful. But now she is on her own, “with no direction home, like a complete unknown, like a rolling stone.”
In 1967, a young man named Jann Wenner started a magazine he named “Rolling Stone.” The magazine reported on rock music and the popular culture that the music created. By 1971, "Rolling Stone” had become the leading rock music and counterculture publication. It is still popular today.
1967年，一个叫做简·温纳（Jann Wenner）的年轻人创办了一本名为Rolling Stone的杂志，该杂志报道了摇滚音乐以及该类音乐产生的流行文化。1971年，该杂志已经成为摇滚音乐和反传统文化的重要出版物，至今仍然很流行。
This VOA Special English program was written by Shelley Gollust. I'm Faith Lapidus. You can find more Words and Their Storiesat our website, www.voanews.cn.