首页 > VOA慢速英语 > AS IT IS > [翻译]As It Is - Gloomy Outlook for Global Employment

文章详情

[翻译]As It Is - Gloomy Outlook for Global Employment

来源:慢速英语   时间:2016-01-23 09:20:13

The International Labor Organization (ILO) predicts global unemployment will worsen over the next two years.

国际劳工组织预测未来两年全球失业率会进一步恶化。

Emerging and developing countries will be hurt the most. This is according to an annual study released by the ILO called “World Employment and Social Outlook– Trends 2016.” 

新兴市场和发展中国家将会受到最大伤害。这是根据国际劳工组织发布的《2016年世界就业和社会展望》这项年度研究报告的结论。

The ILO found that nearly 200 million people were unemployed at the end of last year. This was nearly 30 million more than in 2007, before the world financial crisis.

国际劳工组织发现去年年底有近2亿人处于失业状态,这比全球金融危机发生之前的2007年多出了3千万人。

The global financial crisis started in the United States with bank failures, defaultson home mortgages, and credit card payments. Many layoffs followed. It spread globally.

全球金融危机始于美国的银行倒闭,住房抵押贷款和信用卡账单的违约。许多裁员接踵而至。这场危机开始在全球蔓延。

“The crisis affected almost every part of the world,” according to Yale Global Online, a publication of Yale University.

根据耶鲁全球在线这份耶鲁大学的出版物,“这场危机几乎影响到了全球所有地区。”

The ILO predicts that more than 2 million more people will be out of work by the end of this year. That will mean 200.5 million unemployed worldwide by the end of 2016.

国际劳工组织预测,到今年年底将会有超过2百万人失去工作,这也就意味着到2016年底全球会有2亿5百万人处于失业状态。

Guy Ryder is ILO Director-General at their headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. He says the slow growth of the world economy is not creating enough jobs to reversethe increase in high unemployment in the world.

盖伊·莱德(Guy Ryder)是瑞士日内瓦国际劳工组织总部的总干事。他说,增长缓慢的世界经济没有创造出足够就业机会来扭转全球失业的增加。

Brazil, China and the oil-producing countries will be particularly hard-hit by the weakened job market, according to Ryder.

根据莱德的说法,巴西、中国和石油生产国将会尤其遭受就业市场削弱的重创。

The report says job quality remains a major challenge. About 1.5 billion people are working in vulnerablejobs, according to the report.

这份报告表示,就业质量仍然是一大挑战。根据这项报告,大约有1.5亿人的就业不稳定。

This includes people who are self-employed or who work in the informal sector. This type of work usually has low productivity, low pay and no social protection. The ILO found that countries in southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa have the highest levels of vulnerableemployment, peaking at 74 percent and 70 percent, respectively.

这包括自雇人士和非正式部门就业者。这类工作通常生产率较低,工资不高,没有社会保障。国际劳工组织发现,南亚和撒哈拉以南非洲的就业不稳定水平最高,峰值分别达到了74%和70%。

The report says governments must make employment policies stronger and put in place protection for workers. They say more attention needs to be paid to helping people find decent work.

该报告还说,各国政府必须强化就业政策并落实对工人的保护。他们表示,必须更加注意帮助人们找到体面工作。

This includes young people, women, the long-term unemployed, and the disabled.

这包括青年、妇女、长期失业者和残疾人。

I’m Mary Gotschall.

Words in This Story

outlook – n.a set of conditions that will probably exist in the future: the future of someone or something

default– n. a failure to make a payment (such as a payment on a loan)

layoff – n. the act of ending the employment of a worker or group of workers

reverse– v. to change (something) to an opposite state or condition

vulnerable– adj.open to attack, harm, or damage

productivity– n.the rate at which goods are produced or work is completed

strengthen– v.  to make (someone or something) stronger, more forceful, more effective, etc.

excessive– adj.  going beyond what is usual, normal, or proper

inequality– n.  an unfair situation in which some people have more rights or better opportunities than other people