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[翻译]Technology Report - Rocket Explosion Hurts Facebook’s Internet Plans for Africa

来源:慢速英语   时间:2016-09-16 09:39:14

Plans to make Internet connections easier to get in Africa were hurt this month when a rocket exploded in the U.S. state of Florida. The rocket belonging to the company SpaceX was carrying a communications satellite for the social media network Facebook.


Facebook had planned to use some of the satellite’s coverage to bring Internet service to people in countries south of the Saharan desert. Facebook and Google are working on other ways to bring Internet access to Africa, but it will be some time before they are ready.


Faiz Bashir heads FlexiSAF, an education technology company in Abuja, Nigeria. He says Internet access is too costly for most Nigerians.

法伊兹·巴希尔(Faiz Bashir)领导了尼日利亚阿布贾的FlexiSAF教育技术公司。他说互联网接入对大多数尼日利亚人来说都太贵。

“If you want very good Internet, it’s very expensive. Usually only big companies and rich people can afford that,” he said.


The International Telecommunication Union says about 25 percent of people in Africa will use the Internet this year. That is more than last year’s rate of 20 percent. But it is still the lowest rate in the world.


Facebook provides Internet service in Africa


Three years ago, Facebook said it would try to bring Internet access to more people in Africa and other areas of the world. Mark Zuckerberg, who leads Facebook, talked about the plan in a Facebook video.

三年前,Facebook表示它要试图为非洲等地区的人们带来互联网接入服务。Facebook公司负责人马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)在一则Facebook视频中谈到了该计划。

“Our plan is to make basic Internet services affordable, so that everyone with a phone can join the knowledge economy.”


One part of that plan began in Nigeria in May. It is called Free Basics. Anyone with a smartphone can see some health, education, weather, job search and other sites -- including Facebook – at no cost.

该计划的一部分今年5月在尼日利亚启动。它被称之为免费基础互联网服务(Free Basics)。任何人只要有智能手机就能免费访问一些健康、教育、气象、求职等类别的网站,其中包括Facebook网站。

Bashir says it is easier now for him to communicate with family members in isolated areas of the country.


Free Basics is now available in 48 countries in Africa, the Middle East, Asia-Pacific and Latin America.


Facebook also offers a service called Express Wi-Fi. People can pay to use the Wi-Fi.

Facebook还提供了Express Wi-Fi服务,人们可以付费使用这种Wi-Fi服务。

Facebook planned to expand its services, but then came the setback of September 1st.


The social media network has faced several setbacks


USLaunchReport.com released a video showing the explosion of the SpaceX rocket.


It was not the only problem Facebook has had this year as it tries to give more people access to the Internet. In February, R.S. Sharma, the head of India’s telecommunications agency, announced new rules that make it harder for Facebook to offer its Free Basics service in the country.

这并非是试图为更多人提供互联网接入的Facebook公司今年遇到的唯一问题。今年2月,印度电信机构负责人R.S. Sharma宣布了新规定,使得Facebook在该国提供免费基础互联网服务变得更加困难。

“No service provider shall charge differential pricing on the basis of application, platforms or websites or source,” he said.


Differential pricing means charging two prices to different groups for the same service.


The rules pleased some Internet activists who believe companies should not be able to decide what websites a person can see.


It is not known how many new Internet users the Free Basics plan has created. A group called The Alliance for an Affordable Internet looked at who was using the plan -- and of others that offer free Internet access -- in eight countries. Research manager Dhanaraj Thakur says the group found that 88 percent of the users were not new to the Internet.

目前尚不清楚免费基础互联网服务已经产生了多少新的互联网用户。一家名为可负担互联网联盟的组织在8个国家考察了谁在使用该方案以及其它方案提供的免费互联网接入。研究经理德哈纳拉·塔库尔(Dhanaraj Thakur)表示,该组织发现其中88%的用户并非互联网新用户。

Thakur says people were using Free Basics to visit Facebook and other websites but were using their data plans to watch videos.


Facebook says it wants to help everyone in the world go online. Last month, it announced a successful test of a solar-powered drone, or unmanned aircraft. It is designed to stay in the air for weeks, providing Internet service to rural areas.


Google is also helping rural people get access to the Internet by using large balloons floating high above the earth.


It is not known if Facebook plans to launch another satellite.


I’m Jonathan Evans.

Words in This Story

expensive –adj. costly

basic –adj. not including anything extra

affordable –adj. able to be bought without too much money

isolated –adj. far away from other things, separated from others

Wi-Fi –n. a wireless connection available over short distances

differential pricing –n. giving a different price to two or more groups for the same service

data plans –n. a plan in which a person pays an amount of money to receive a set amount of data over the Internet

solar –adj. have to do with, or provided by the sun