首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 科技报道 > 【科技报道】Years-long Drought Threatens Honey Bees in Chile 连年干旱威胁智利蜜蜂的生存

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【科技报道】Years-long Drought Threatens Honey Bees in Chile 连年干旱威胁智利蜜蜂的生存

来源:慢速英语   时间:2019-11-21 09:56:44

Beekeeper Pablo Alvarez sits near his hives and points up into a cloudless, blue Chilean sky. Bees come and go along an imaginary line he makes with his finger. They travel as if following an unseen road in the air.

This season, Alvarez says, there is much less bee traffic than usual.


A quick look around his yard tells the story. Southern hemisphere spring rains once led to fields of dandelion flowers in Casablanca, a town on the Chilean Pacific coast. Now, there is just dry earth.

Alvarez is secretary of Casablanca's beekeeper organization. He says he lost half of his hives by early spring.

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养蜂人帕勃罗·阿尔瓦雷斯坐在他的蜂巢附近,直视万里无云的蓝色智利天空。 蜜蜂沿着他用手指做的假想线来去, 它们的旅行就像在空中看不见的路一样。

阿尔瓦雷斯说,这个季节的蜜蜂运输量比往常少得多。南半球的春季降雨曾经使智利太平洋海岸的卡萨布兰卡市开辟了蒲公英花田。 现在,只有干燥的土地。

阿尔瓦雷斯(Alvarez)是卡萨布兰卡养蜂人组织的秘书。 他说到早春时他已经失去了一半的荨麻疹。


"At the end of winter, bees need flowers to grow and make honey," he told Reuters reporters. No flowers means no food, he added.

His story is common among beekeepers across much of central Chile. A severe, years-long lack of rain is making life difficult for honey bees.

Concern over how the changing environment has affected bees has reached the highest levels of government in Chile. The country has already provided large amounts of money for farmers suffering from the drought. In August, it said it would include the "costs" of climate change in future agency budgets.

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他告诉路透社记者:“在冬季结束时,蜜蜂需要花才能生长和制造蜂蜜。” 他补充说,没有花意味着没有食物。

他的故事在智利中部大部分地区的养蜂人中很普遍。 严重的,长达数年的降雨不足使蜜蜂的生活变得困难。

对不断变化的环境如何影响蜜蜂的担忧已达到智利政府的最高级别。 该国已经为遭受干旱的农民提供了大量资金。 它在八月份表示,它将在未来的机构预算中包括气候变化的“成本”。


"We all know the importance that bees have in agricultural production," Agriculture Minister Antonio Walker recently told reporters.

Honey bees pollinate many of Chile's major export crops, including avocados, blueberries, raspberries, apples, cherries and almonds.

Last year, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) found that Chile was already well short of the hives it needed to meet the demands of farmers. And, honey exports dropped by half last season compared to the year before, trade data show.


农业部长安东尼奥·沃克最近对记者说:“我们都知道蜜蜂在农业生产中的重要性。”

蜜蜂为智利的许多主要出口农作物授粉,包括鳄梨,蓝莓,覆盆子,苹果,樱桃和杏仁。

去年,联合国粮食及农业组织(粮农组织)发现智利的蜂箱已经远远不足以满足农民的需求。 贸易数据显示,与去年相比,上个季节的蜂蜜出口下降了一半。

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Daniel Barrera is a bee industry expert with the agriculture ministry. He said an exact count of hives lost this year will not be available until 2020. But reports from the field have not been hopeful.

"We're not going to wait until we have the final data to take emergency action," he said.

Already, agriculture officials have ordered a state of emergency in more than 100 farm communities throughout central Chile. Though dry periods are normal from time to time, officials say climate change has made the current dry period longer and more severe. Rainfall in September in Santiago was down nearly 80 percent compared to the historical average.


Daniel Barrera是农业部的蜜蜂行业专家。 他说,要知道今年失去的荨麻疹的确切计数要到2020年才能得到。但是实地的报道并不乐观。

他说:“我们不会等到掌握最终数据后采取紧急行动。”

农业官员已经命令整个智利中部的100多个农场社区进入紧急状态。 尽管不时会出现干旱时期,但官员们说,气候变化使当前的干旱时期更长,更严峻。 与历史平均水平相比,圣地亚哥9月的降雨量下降了近80%。


Yet even as he describes those efforts, the horn of a water truck sounds. His well has run dry. Now he must pay for water, too.

Even once simple solutions are getting harder, said Enrique Mejias, a Santiago-based scientist.

"There's no water anywhere," Mejias said. "The bees are suffering just the same as cattle, crops and people."


然而,即使他描述了这些努力,水车的喇叭声仍然响起。 他的井干涸了。,现在他也必须支付水费。

圣地亚哥的科学家恩里克·梅加斯说,简单的解决方案变得越来越难以解决问题。

梅加斯说:“任何地方都没有水。” “蜜蜂与牛、庄稼和人民一样遭受苦难。”


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

hive – n. a nest for bees

yard – n. an outdoor area that is next to a house and is usually covered by grass

pollinate – v.to give (a plant) pollen from another plant of the same kind so that seeds will be produced

rent – v. to let someone to use (something) in return for payment

impact – n. a powerful or major influence or effect

cattle – n. cows, bulls, or steers that are kept on a farm or ranch for meat or milk


链接:

Midway Atoll Covered with Plastic, Dead Birds

New Ford Mustang Starts a Series of New Electric Vehicles


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