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【今日美国】巴基斯坦南部爆发艾滋疫情 AIDS outbreak in southern Pakistan

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 16:17:38

A town in Pakistan is struggling to deal with patients infected with HIV,the virus that can lead to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome,known as AIDS.


巴基斯坦一个城镇正在努力对付感染艾滋病毒的病人,这种病毒可以导致艾滋病。


Nearly 700 HIV cases have been reported in the town of Ratodero,in Sindh Province,since April.Most of the patients are children.


自4月以来,信德省拉托德罗镇报告了近700例艾滋病毒病例。大多数病人是儿童。


"For me it was impossible to imagine,"said Nazeer,recalling the day a doctor said his 16 month-old girl had tested positive for HIV.


“对我来说,这是不可能想象的,”纳泽尔说,回忆起那天一位医生说,他的16个月大的女孩艾滋病毒检测呈阳性。


"I told him‘are you joking with me,how can she have HIV?,'"he said.Nazeer spoke with the Reuters news agency from his home in Ratodero,about 500 kilometers from Karachi,Pakistan's largest city.


“我告诉他‘你在跟我开玩笑吗,她怎么会有艾滋病?他说。纳泽尔在距离巴基斯坦最大城市卡拉奇约500公里的拉托德罗家中接受路透社记者采访。


His daughter is receiving treatment,he said,adding he did not know how she was infected.


他说,他的女儿正在接受治疗,他补充说,他不知道她是如何被感染的。

Health officials say 681 people have tested positive for HIV in the town since April 25.Of that number,537 are children.


卫生官员说,自4月25日以来,该镇已有681人艾滋病毒检测呈阳性。其中537人是儿童。


Thousands of people have taken an HIV test at Ratodero's only testing center in a government hospital.Others have been tested at private medical centers.


数千人在拉托德罗政府医院唯一的检测中心接受了艾滋病毒检测。其他人已经在私人医疗中心接受了测试。


About 60%of Ratodero patients were infected by reused medical instruments,such as needles and syringes,or through donated blood,says Doctor Sikander Memon.He is head of the province's AIDS control program.


Sikander Memon医生说,大约60%的Ratodero患者感染了重复使用的医疗器械,如针头和注射器,或者通过捐献的血液。他是该省艾滋病控制项目的负责人。


Police and doctors carried out an investigation.They found that 123 HIV patients had been treated by the same doctor before they were infected.


警方和医生进行了调查。他们发现,123名艾滋病患者在感染前曾接受过同一位医生的治疗。


Dr.Muzaffar Ghanghro was arrested on April 30 and has been charged with unintentional murder,police said.


警方说,穆扎法尔·甘格罗博士于4月30日被捕,被指控犯有非故意谋杀罪。


Reuters was not permitted to contact Ghangro in jail and was not able to contact his lawyer.


路透社不允许在监狱里联系甘格罗,也无法联系他的律师。


‘Sold all my valuables'


'卖掉了我所有的贵重物品'


Pakistan has about 163,000 HIV and AIDS patients,said Zafar Mirza,a health adviser to Prime Minister Imran Khan.


巴基斯坦总理伊姆兰·汗的健康顾问扎法尔·米尔扎说,巴基斯坦大约有163000名艾滋病毒和艾滋病患者。


At Pakistan's request,the World Health Organization and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have sent experts to the area.


应巴基斯坦要求,世界卫生组织和美国疾病控制和预防中心已向该地区派遣专家。


Pakistan's government has ordered 50,000 HIV testing kits and is setting up three treatment centers.Adult patients are receiving anti-retroviral drugs,and medicines have been ordered for children,Mirza said.


巴基斯坦政府已经订购了5万个艾滋病毒检测包,并正在建立三个治疗中心。米尔扎说,成年患者正在接受抗逆转录病毒药物治疗,而且已经为儿童订购了药物。


The Ratodero cases are evidence of the current state of healthcare in Pakistan,a nation of 208 million people.Almost a third of the population lives on less than$3.20 a day.Many Pakistanis cannot pay for costly medical tests or drugs.


拉托德罗的病例证明了巴基斯坦这个拥有2.08亿人口的国家目前的医疗状况。几乎三分之一的人口每天的生活费不到3.20美元。许多巴基斯坦人无法支付昂贵的医疗测试或药物费用。


Few families can pay for proper treatment of HIV,which usually involves trips to Karachi.


很少有家庭能够支付艾滋病毒的适当治疗费用,这通常涉及到卡拉奇的旅行。


"I have sold all my valuables for treatment.Now I can't afford to go Karachi for my children's medicines every month,"said Tariq,who lives in a village near Ratodero.


“我把所有值钱的东西都卖了。现在我负担不起每个月去卡拉奇给孩子们买药,”塔里克说,他住在拉托德罗附近的一个村庄。


Tariq,his wife and daughter are HIV positive,and a relative tested positive this month.He does not know how they became infected.


塔里克,他的妻子和女儿都是艾滋病病毒阳性,一个亲戚本月检测呈阳性。他不知道他们是怎么被感染的。


"There are 16 HIV cases in our village alone.No one has come to see our plight,"he said.


“仅我们村就有16例艾滋病毒感染者。没有人来看我们的困境。”。


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