首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 农业报道 > 【农业报道】捕捞份额旨在发展可持续渔业 Fishing share aimed at developing sustainable fisheries

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【农业报道】捕捞份额旨在发展可持续渔业 Fishing share aimed at developing sustainable fisheries

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 16:08:16

More than 25 percent of the world's fisheries are overfished,according to the United Nations.Many communities worldwide depend on the ocean for their livelihoods.Now,they are struggling to manage resources.A growing number are adopting programs called"catch shares."These programs try to make fishing more sustainable but critics say they put many fishermen out of business.


据联合国统计,世界上超过25%的渔业被过度捕捞。世界上许多社区依靠海洋为生。现在,他们正在努力管理资源。越来越多的渔民采用了“渔获量分成”的方案,这些方案试图使捕鱼更具可持续性,但批评人士说,这些方案使许多渔民失业。


The sun is setting fast in Chesapeake Beach,Virginia.Rachel Dean is navigating her family's boat‘Roughwater'into the port there.


弗吉尼亚州切萨皮克海滩的太阳正在快速落山。雷切尔·迪恩正驾驶她家的船“罗威沃特”驶入那里的港口。


"The deck light."


“甲板灯。”


She and her family make a living by fishing.There are rules that all fishermen must follow.The old rules set by regional fishery officials'decided how many striped bass fish could be caught in the Chesapeake Bay each year.Rachel Dean explains.


她和她的家人靠钓鱼为生。所有渔民都必须遵守一些规则。当地渔业官员制定的旧规则决定了每年切萨皮克湾能捕获多少条鲈鱼。雷切尔·迪恩解释道。


"It was a fishing derby and it was,Green light,go.'Catch all you can and hope that you get your share of the pie."


“那是一场钓鱼比赛,绿灯亮了,去吧。”尽你所能,希望你能分到那份馅饼。”


This would lead fishermen competing to catch fish as quickly as possible.It also led to overfishing,unsafe and destructive fishing,and other problems.


这将导致渔民竞相尽快捕鱼。它还导致过度捕捞、不安全和破坏性捕捞等问题。

But last year,officials launched a"catch shares"system for striped bass in the Chesapeake.Under the new system,each fisherman gets a set amount of fish to catch.


但去年,官员们在切萨皮克启动了条纹鲈鱼的“捕捞份额”系统。在新制度下,每个渔民都有一定数量的鱼可捕。


Kelly Denit oversees fisheries at the U.S.National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,or NOAA.


凯利·丹尼特主管美国国家海洋和大气管理局(NOAA)的渔业工作。


"That individual has the freedom to fish that amount whenever they choose.So you are no longer racing to get out and catch fish before the total amount has been caught."


“这个人有自由,可以在任何时候选择钓那么多鱼。所以,在鱼的总量还没有被捕获之前,你就不再跑出去捕鱼了。”


But there are winners and losers in the new program.Larry Powley is a fisherman.


但在新的计划中有赢家也有输家。拉里·鲍利是个渔夫。


"There's some boys that had fished only two years.They got more quota than I did.I've been doing this job for 40 years."


“有些男孩只钓了两年鱼。他们得到的配额比我多。我干这工作已经40年了。”


Larry Powley was able to buy enough shares from other fishermen to stay in the striped bass business.


拉里·鲍利能够从其他渔民那里购买足够的股份,继续从事条纹鲈鱼业务。


"But some of the young guys,the boys couldn't afford to buy up quota,then they're gonna get left behind."


“但是有些年轻人,他们买不起配额,然后就会被甩在后面。”


Rachel Dean says her family was concerned at first,too.


雷切尔·迪恩说,一开始她的家人也很担心。


"We didn't really get what we had hoped for.Obviously,everybody wants more when something's divided like that.That was our first fear.But we also knew there were going to be benefits with it."


“我们并没有得到我们所希望的。显然,当这样的分裂发生时,每个人都想要更多。那是我们第一次害怕。但我们也知道,这样做会有好处。”


But,Rachel Dean says she likes the program.Now,she is able to wait out bad weather and mechanical problems with her boats,and wait to sell her catches when prices are high.


但是,瑞秋·迪恩说她喜欢这个节目。现在,她可以等待恶劣的天气和船的机械故障,并等待在价格高的时候出售她的渔获物。


And NOAA likes it because catch shares prevent overfishing and raise incomes.


NOAA喜欢它,因为渔获量份额可以防止过度捕捞,提高收入。


"If you look across the 16 programs that we now have,I think you can see pretty clearly that there have been successes."


“如果你看看我们现在的16个项目,我想你可以很清楚地看到我们已经取得了成功。”


Catch shares don't work everywhere,but officials here say the programs are the best way to help fish,and the fishing industry.


渔获量的分享并不适用于所有地方,但这里的官员说,这些项目是帮助鱼类和渔业的最佳方式。


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