首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 农业报道 > 【农业报道】斯里兰卡用雨水灌溉和发电 Rainwater irrigation and power generation in Sri Lanka

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【农业报道】斯里兰卡用雨水灌溉和发电 Rainwater irrigation and power generation in Sri Lanka

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 16:06:37

Sri Lanka plans to store and use a billion cubic meters of rainwater each year to support irrigation and power generation.The rainwater would go into the sea if it is not used.


斯里兰卡计划每年储存和使用10亿立方米雨水,用于灌溉和发电。雨水如果不使用就会流入大海。


Sri Lanka is building the new water management system in the country's dry zone.The area covers the northern and eastern parts of the country.It is home to about one-third of Sri Lanka's twenty million people.It is also mainly agricultural land.


斯里兰卡正在该国干旱地区建立新的水管理系统。这个地区覆盖了该国的北部和东部。它是斯里兰卡两千万人口的三分之一。它也是主要的农业用地。


Climate change has severely hurt the area in the past 10 years.The region is also is suffering a severe water crisis.


过去10年来,气候变化对该地区造成了严重影响。该地区也正遭受严重的水危机。


Experts say the project could use enough water to fill two of the country's largest reservoirs,Victoria and Randenigala.


专家说,该项目可能需要足够的水来填满该国最大的两个水库维多利亚和兰登加拉。


The government and donors are paying for the$675-million project.Work begins this month and should be completed by December 2024.


政府和捐助者正在为这个6.75亿美元的项目付款。本月开工,2024年12月完工。

The plan is one of the nation's largest water-related projects in the past years.It includes the construction of two new reservoirs and 260 kilometers of new canals linking existing reservoirs.


该计划是过去几年来美国最大的与水有关的项目之一。它包括两个新的水库和260公里的新运河连接现有水库的建设。


The aim is to help the dry zone better control its water supply for power generation and farming.


其目的是帮助干旱地区更好地控制发电和农业用水。


S.Shanmugasivanathan is a top official with the Department of Irrigation.He said that rain patterns have been changing and the dry zone is getting less water now.He said Sri Lanka needs to make the most of the water usage.


S.Shanmugasivanathan是灌溉部的高级官员。他说,降雨模式一直在改变,干旱地区现在的水越来越少。他说斯里兰卡需要充分利用水资源。


The country's rainfall is 2,000 millimeters per year.Less than half falls in the dry zone.Most of the farming there depends on irrigation.Small water tanks hold water from the region's large reservoirs.


这个国家的降雨量是每年2000毫米。不到一半的瀑布落在干旱地区。那里的大部分农业依靠灌溉。小水箱容纳该地区大型水库的水。


Mr.Shanmugasivanathan said the dry zone faces the extremes of floods and drought as the rain patterns have changed.But,he said there is no system in place to capture flood waters,so drought can happen even in years of floods.


Shanmugasivanathan先生说,随着降雨模式的改变,干旱地区面临着洪水和干旱的极端。但是,他说,目前还没有一个系统能够捕获洪水,因此即使在多年的洪水中也可能发生干旱。


Water to fight against poverty


与贫困作斗争的水


A water infrastructure project for the dry zone has been in Sri Lankan plans since the 1970s.The Mahaweli Development Program included such ideas for the country's central hills and some of the north.


自20世纪70年代以来,斯里兰卡一直在计划干旱地区的水基础设施项目。马哈韦利开发计划包括了该国中部山区和部分北部地区的水基础设施项目。


The idea was to use the waters of the Mahaweli River,the longest in the country,to increase power generation capacity by about 260 megawatts.


当时的想法是利用国内最长的马哈韦利河(Mahaweli River)的水域,将发电量增加约260兆瓦。


It was also designed to provide irrigation water to an additional 131,500 hectares of land.


它还被设计为向另外131500公顷土地提供灌溉用水。


But civil war delayed the project for 25 years until 2009.


但内战将该项目推迟了25年,直到2009年。


Sri Lankan and Asian Development Bank officials said the new water management project is based on the Mahaweli plans.The ADB is providing$453 million in funding.


斯里兰卡和亚洲开发银行官员说,新的水资源管理项目是基于马哈韦利计划的。亚行正在提供4.53亿美元的资金。


The international lender also estimates that 70 percent of the dry zone's population depends on agriculture.The average yearly earnings of the people there is 10 percent lower than in other parts of the country.


国际银行还估计,干旱地区70%的人口依赖农业。那里人民的平均年收入比全国其他地区低10%。


Lance Gore is a water resources expert with the ADB in the Philippine capital,Manila.He said the organization hopes that the new project will help end poverty in the area.The water expert said more water will increase the earning level of people dependent on agriculture.It also aims to supply safe drinking water to 350,000 people.


兰斯•Gore是菲律宾首都马尼拉亚行的水资源专家。他说,该组织希望新项目将有助于结束该地区的贫困。这位水资源专家说,更多的水资源将提高依赖农业的人们的收入水平。它还旨在为35万人提供安全饮用水。


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