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【经济报道】美国企业开始探索伊朗市场 U.S. companies start exploring Iran market

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 11:08:36

American businesses have begun to explore how they can sell their goods and services in Iran.For many years,restrictions on trade have stopped many companies from doing business in the country.The United States government was a major supporter of economic sanctions against Iran.The sanctions were meant to punish Iran for ignoring United Nations resolutions on its nuclear activities.


美国企业已经开始探索如何在伊朗销售商品和服务。多年来,对贸易的限制阻止了许多公司在该国开展业务。美国政府是对伊朗经济制裁的主要支持者。制裁的目的是惩罚伊朗无视联合国关于其核活动的决议。


But those restrictions may soon change.This month,Iran signed an agreement with world powers to limit its nuclear program.The deal calls for the international community to lift the sanctions.


但这些限制可能很快就会改变。本月,伊朗与世界大国签署了限制其核计划的协议。协议要求国际社会解除制裁。


The agreement sets limits on Iran's nuclear development for 10 years.In exchange,the international community will end sanctions and trade limits,which have hurt Iran's economy.But experts say Iran has much to do before foreign businesses invest in the country and sell their products there.


协议对伊朗核发展设定了10年的限制。作为交换,国际社会将终止对伊朗经济造成损害的制裁和贸易限制。但专家说,在外国企业在伊朗投资并在那里销售产品之前,伊朗还有很多事情要做。

Suzanne Dimaggio is director of the Iran Initiative at New America,a public policy group.She says the country has 80 million highly-educated consumers who want to buy products and services from U.S.companies.But she says it will take some time for large American companies to,in her words,"feel comfortable enough to start investing in Iran."


Suzanne Dimaggio是公共政策组织“新美国”伊朗倡议的负责人。她说,中国有8000万受过高等教育的消费者,他们想从美国公司购买产品和服务。但她说,用她的话来说,美国大公司需要一段时间才能“感到足够舒服,开始在伊朗投资”


"They'll need to see that Iran is working through this agreement,is complying with it.They also will want to see that there is some stability there."


“他们需要看到伊朗正在努力完成这项协议,并遵守协议。他们还希望看到那里有一些稳定。”


Iran has some of the largest oil and natural gas reserves in the world.But economic sanctions have limited the country's ability to fully-develop those reserves.


伊朗拥有世界上最大的石油和天然气储备。但经济制裁限制了该国充分开发这些储备的能力。


"But make no mistake about it,Iran will be a major player in the oil sector.I think this has other countries like Saudi Arabia worried--what will that do to the market that is already so far down."


“但别搞错了,伊朗将是石油行业的主要参与者。我认为,这让沙特阿拉伯等其他国家感到担忧,这会对目前已经下跌的市场造成什么影响。”


Paul Wachtel teaches economics at New York University.He notes that the sanctions will not be cancelled immediately.But he says when they are,the global economy will benefit.


保罗·瓦赫特尔在纽约大学教经济学。他指出,制裁不会立即取消。但他说,如果是这样,全球经济将受益。


"It will be good for world trade generally.It would be good for many American industries,consumer goods,producer's goods,airplane industry,oil equipment,lots of American industry."


“总的来说,这将有利于世界贸易。这将有利于许多美国工业、消费品、生产者产品、飞机工业、石油设备、许多美国工业。”


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