首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 词汇典故 > 【词汇典故】你是活在哥哥姐姐光环下的人吗? Are you someone living under the aura of brothers and sisters?

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【词汇典故】你是活在哥哥姐姐光环下的人吗? Are you someone living under the aura of brothers and sisters?

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 10:35:14

Whether solar or lunar,partial or total,these astronomical events bring the movement of our solar system a little more to life.


无论是太阳或月球,部分或全部,这些天文事件给我们的太阳系运动带来了更多的生命。


Solar,as we know,means"relating to the sun."So a solar eclipse happens when the moon passes between the sun and Earth.A dark circle either completely or partly covers the sun as a result.


我们知道,太阳的意思是“与太阳有关”,所以当月亮经过太阳和地球之间时就会发生日食。结果,一个黑圈或完全或部分地覆盖了太阳。


Lunar means"related to the moon."So,a lunar eclipse is when the moon looks as if it is completely or partially covered with a dark circle.


月食的意思是“与月亮有关”。因此,月食是指月亮看起来好像完全或部分被一个暗圈所覆盖。


Some ancient cultures considered an eclipse a sign that the world was ending.Other cultures viewed it as a battle between different animals in the sky as they try to eat up the moon or sun.Another cultural belief was that an eclipse was a time for deep thought and thinking about the past.


一些古代文化认为日食是世界末日的标志。其他文化把它看作是天空中不同动物之间的战争,因为它们试图吃掉月亮或太阳。另一种文化信仰是日食是一个深刻思考和思考过去的时间。

The word eclipse comes from a Greek word meaning"to leave,""to abandon,""to forsake a usual place"or"fail to appear".Ancient Greeks thought of an eclipse as a time when the sun abandoned the earth.


eclipse这个词来自希腊语,意思是“离开”、“放弃”、“放弃一个平常的地方”或“不能出现”。古希腊人认为日食是太阳离开地球的时候。


In simple terms,an eclipse happens when a planet or satellite blocks the light of the sun.So,it is not surprising that we also use"eclipse"in the same way when talking about other things besides the sun,the moon and the earth.


简单地说,日食发生在行星或卫星挡住太阳光的时候。因此,我们在谈论太阳、月亮和地球之外的其他事物时,也同样使用“日食”也就不足为奇了。


In conversation,when one thing eclipses another it makes it less important or popular.For example,television eclipsed radio in the 1950s as the most popular form of home entertainment.When one person eclipses another,they do something better.For example,a younger child might hate it when her older sister's school and sports success eclipses her own.The older sister outshines the younger one.


在谈话中,当一件事比另一件事黯然失色时,它就不那么重要或受欢迎了。例如,电视在20世纪50年代取代了收音机,成为最受欢迎的家庭娱乐形式。当一个人比另一个人黯然失色时,他们会做得更好。例如,当她姐姐在学校和体育上的成功比她自己的要黯然失色时,一个年幼的孩子可能会讨厌这样。姐姐比妹妹更聪明。


This usage of eclipse is not only used when talking about people.Things can also eclipse other things,as in this sentence:The popularity of the company's new product quickly eclipsed all its earlier products.


eclipse的这种用法不仅用于谈论人。事情也会让其他事情黯然失色,比如这句话:公司新产品的受欢迎程度很快超过了所有早期产品。


Many synonyms of eclipse deal with light and casting shadows,like in the example of the older sister outshining the younger.If a person or a thing outshines another,the light they give off is so bright that no one notices anything else.You could also say the older daughter cast a shadow on her younger sister.Or you could say the younger sister was living in the shadow of her older sister.


许多日食的同义词都涉及到光和投射阴影,比如姐姐比妹妹更显年轻。如果一个人或一件事物比另一个人或一件事物更耀眼,那么他们发出的光是如此明亮,以至于没有人注意到其他任何东西。你也可以说大女儿给她妹妹投下了阴影。或者你可以说妹妹生活在她姐姐的阴影下。


Now,let's hear how we use eclipse this way in everyday conversation.Let's listen as two people talk as they wait in line to audition for a Broadway musical.


现在,让我们来听听如何在日常对话中使用eclipse。让我们听两个人在排队等候百老汇音乐剧试演时交谈。


Are you ready for your singing audition today?


你准备好今天的试唱了吗?


As ready as I'll ever be.The song I'm singing is my favorite and I know it really well.


我已经准备好了。我唱的那首歌是我最喜欢的,我知道得很清楚。


I'm sure you'll do great.By the way,I'm Corrine.Corrine Mayfield.


我相信你会做得很好的。顺便说一下,我是科琳。科琳·梅菲尔德。


I'm Steve Stravinski.


我是史蒂夫·斯特拉文斯基。


Stravinski?Wait.Are you any relation to Doug Stravinski?!


斯特拉文斯基?等待。你和道格·斯特拉文斯基有关系吗?!


Yeah.He's my older brother.


是啊。他是我哥哥。


Get out!His performance in Les Miserables was so beautiful.Critics are still talking about it!Wow!Doug Stravinski.What is he working on these days?


走出!他在《悲惨世界》中的表演太美了。评论家们还在谈论它!真的!道格斯特拉文斯基。他这几天在干什么?


An album.His fourth album.


一张专辑。他的第四张专辑。


That is just awesome!It will probably be another number one seller!So,what's it like being his brother?


太棒了!这可能是另一个头号卖家!那么,当他哥哥是什么感觉?


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