首页 > VOA慢速英语 > 经济报道 > 【经济报道】马克龙推动国际数字服务税 Macron's Push for International Tax on Digital Services

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【经济报道】马克龙推动国际数字服务税 Macron's Push for International Tax on Digital Services

来源:慢速英语   时间:2020-01-11 10:06:54

The United States has threatened to declare tariffs of up to 100 percent on $2.4 billion in imports from France. The targeted products would include of bottles of champagne, handbags and cheese.

The Trump administration said it was considering the tariffs after finding that France's new digital services tax would harm U.S. technology companies.

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美国威胁要对从法国进口的24亿美元产品征收高达100%的关税。 目标产品将包括瓶香槟,手袋和奶酪。

特朗普政府表示,在发现法国新的数字服务税将损害美国科技公司后,正在考虑征收关税。


French President Emmanuel Macron pushed forward with the digital tax over the summer, ignoring U.S. anger at the measure. The administration says the tax unfairly targets American businesses.

The French leader wants to reach an international agreement on taxing large technology companies. It has urged U.S. officials to help reform taxes on businesses that operate overseas.


法国总统马克龙(Emmanuel Macron)在夏季推动数字税,无视美国对此措施的愤怒。 奥巴马政府说,这项税收不公平地针对美国企业。

法国领导人希望就对大型技术公司征税达成国际协议。 它敦促美国官员帮助改革对在海外经营的企业的税收。


Here is a guide to the digital tax debate.

这是数字税收辩论的指南。


What is a digital tax?

Large tech companies, such as Facebook, are able to report profits in low-tax countries like Ireland and Luxembourg, no matter where the money comes from.

Macron says taxing such companies is a matter of social justice.

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无论资金来自何处,大型科技公司(例如Facebook)都可以在爱尔兰和卢森堡等低税率国家报告利润。

马克龙说,对此类公司征税是社会正义问题。


The French leader campaigned hard for a digital tax to cover European Union member states, but faced resistance from Ireland, Denmark, Sweden and Finland.

这位法国领导人为争取覆盖欧盟成员国的数字税而进行了艰苦的竞选,但遭到爱尔兰,丹麦,瑞典和芬兰的抵制。


What has France done?

After talks on a European Union digital tax failed, the French government passed its own digital tax in July. The 3% tax relates to revenue from digital services earned by companies with more than 25 million euros in revenue from France and 750 million euros worldwide.

France is not alone among European countries in proposing a tax on big tech. Britain, Spain, Italy, Austria, Mexico and Canada have also announced plans for their own digital taxes.


在有关欧盟数字税的谈判失败之后,法国政府于7月通过了自己的数字税。 3%的税与数字服务的收入有关,这些数字服务的收入来自法国,收入超过2500万欧元,全球收入超过7.5亿欧元。

在提议对大型技术征税的欧洲国家中,法国并非唯一。英国,西班牙,意大利,奥地利,墨西哥和加拿大也宣布了自己的数字税计划。


What does Macron want to achieve? His goal is to get a wider agreement on digital taxation under the auspices of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The OECD is a group of 36 mostly industrial countries, including the United States.

At a G20 meeting in June, finance ministers agreed to set common rules to close tax loopholes and promised to work toward a solution by 2020.

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Macron想要实现什么?他的目标是在经济合作与发展组织(OECD)的主持下,就数字税收达成更广泛的协议。经合组织是包括美国在内的36个主要为工业国家的组织。

在6月举行的20国集团(G20)会议上,财长们同意设定共同规则以弥合税收漏洞,并承诺将在2020年之前寻求解决方案。


The following month, G7 finance ministers agreed there should be a minimum level, or smallest amount, of tax to stop countries from competing in a "race to the bottom."

The United States once supported the new international tax system to cover many different companies. But officials say the U.S. changed its mind recently when traditional companies found out that they would be taxed, too.


第二个月,七国集团财长们同意应该征收最低或最低税额,以阻止各国竞争“低谷”。

美国曾经支持涵盖许多不同公司的新的国际税制。但官员们说,最近,当传统公司发现他们也将被征税时,美国改变了主意。


What obstacles lie in the way?

U.S. President Donald Trump has called Macron's push for a French digital tax "foolishness."

The issue of digital taxation has led to a new trade dispute between U.S. and E.U. officials, as economic relations between the two turn ugly.


美国总统唐纳德·特朗普称马克龙推动法国数字税的做法是“愚蠢的”。

数字税收问题导致美国和欧盟之间发生新的贸易争端。 官员们认为,由于两国之间的经济关系变得丑陋。


Low-tax countries, like Ireland, also have expressed concern about the French digital tax. They say the measure would make it harder for them to increase foreign direct investment with the promise of low taxes.

爱尔兰等低税国家也对法国的数字税表示关注。 他们说,这一措施将使他们在低税的承诺下增加外国直接投资的难度。


重点词汇:

Words in This Story:

tariffs – n. a tax on goods coming into or leaving a country

digital – adj.related to the use of computer technology

no matterphraseit is of no importance

revenue – n. money that is made by or paid to a business or an organization

auspices – n. with the help and support of

loophole – n.a method or way to avoid a legal requirement


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